Long-Term Trends in Public Finances in the G-7 Economies

Author/Editor:

Andrea Schaechter ; Carlo Cottarelli

Publication Date:

September 1, 2010

Electronic Access:

Free Full Text (PDF file size is 644 KB).Use the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this PDF file

Summary:

Today’s record public debt levels in most advanced economies are not only a direct fall-out from the global crisis. Public debt had ratcheted up over many decades before, when it had been used, in most of the G-7 countries, as the ultimate shock absorber—rising in bad times but not declining much in good times. Alongside, primary spending increased, particularly during 1965–85, reflecting predominantly a surge in health care and pension spending. Looking ahead, advanced economies will face the formidable challenge of reducing debt ratios at a time when ageing-related spending, in particular often underestimated pressures from health care systems, will put additional pressure on public finances. Addressing these fiscal challenges will require growth-friendly structural reforms, a fiscal strategy involving gradual but steady fiscal adjustment, stronger fiscal institutions, expenditure and revenue reforms, and an appropriate degree of burden sharing across all stakeholders.

Series:

Staff Position Note No. 2010/13

Subject:

Frequency:

Monthly

English

Publication Date:

September 1, 2010

ISBN/ISSN:

9781455263325/2072-3202

Stock No:

SPNEA2010013

Price:

$10.00 (Academic Rate:$10.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

24

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