Petroleum Product Subsidies : Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise

Author/Editor:

John M. Piotrowski ; David Coady ; Justin Tyson ; Rolando Ossowski ; Robert Gillingham ; Shamsuddin Tareq

Publication Date:

February 25, 2010

Electronic Access:

Free Full text (PDF file size is 626 KB).Use the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this PDF file

Summary:

Petroleum product subsidies have again started to increase with the rebound in international prices. This note reviews recent developments in subsidy levels and argues that reforming the policy framework for setting petroleum product prices is necessary to reduce the fiscal burden of these subsidies and to address climate change. Between 2003 and mid-2008, global consumer subsidies for petroleum products are estimated to have increased more than eightfold, from $57 billion to $490 billion. Although subsidies decreased to $136 billion by mid-2009, they are projected to increase to $237 billion by end-2010 (or nearly 0.3 percent of global GDP). Tax-inclusive subsidies, reflecting sub-optimal taxation of petroleum products, are projected to increase to $733 billion, or 1.0 percent of global GDP. G-20 countries account for over 70 percent of tax-inclusive subsidies. Halving tax-inclusive subsidies could reduce projected fiscal deficits in subsidizing countries by one-sixth and greenhouse emissions by around 15 percent. Subsidy reform strategies should contain measures to mitigate the impact of higher prices on the poorest groups.

Series:

Staff Position Note No. 2010/05

Subject:

Notes:

Link to data for this title, (csv file, size is 27 KB)

Frequency:

Monthly

English

Publication Date:

February 25, 2010

ISBN/ISSN:

9781455239108/2072-3202

Stock No:

SPNEA2010005

Price:

$10.00 (Academic Rate:$10.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

20

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