The Insurance Role of Social Security : Theory and Lessons for Policy Reform

Author/Editor:

Victor Hugo Valdivia

Publication Date:

September 1, 1997

Electronic Access:

Free Full Text (PDF file size is 1772 KB).Use the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this PDF file

Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

This paper examines the impact of social security on welfare. The provision of social security reduces precautionary savings and encourages early retirement. Consequently, it lowers aggregate capital, employment, output, and consumption. On the other hand, it also provides old age insurance. This trade-off is examined using a life-cycle general equilibrium model. The paper finds that the current U.S. Social Security system can improve welfare even though the levels of aggregate output, employment, capital, and consumption fall relative to their levels without such a system. The welfare gains arise from insurance against living much longer than expected.

Series:

Working Paper No. 97/113

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

September 1, 1997

ISBN/ISSN:

9781451944174/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA1131997

Price:

$15.00 (Academic Rate:$15.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

49

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