Are Capital Inflows Expansionary or Contractionary? Theory, Policy Implications, and Some Evidence

Author/Editor:

Olivier J Blanchard ; Jonathan David Ostry ; Atish R. Ghosh ; Marcos d Chamon

Publication Date:

October 23, 2015

Electronic Access:

Free Full Text (PDF file size is 731 KB).Use the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this PDF file

Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

The workhorse open-economy macro model suggests that capital inflows are contractionary because they appreciate the currency and reduce net exports. Emerging market policy makers however believe that inflows lead to credit booms and rising output, and the evidence appears to go their way. To reconcile theory and reality, we extend the set of assets included in the Mundell-Fleming model to include both bonds and non-bonds. At a given policy rate, inflows may decrease the rate on non-bonds, reducing the cost of financial intermediation, potentially offsetting the contractionary impact of appreciation. We explore the implications theoretically and empirically, and find support for the key predictions in the data.

Series:

Working Paper No. 15/226

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

October 23, 2015

ISBN/ISSN:

9781513500805/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2015226

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

24

Please address any questions about this title to publications@imf.org