Assessing Debt Sustainability in Emerging Market Economies Using Stochastic Simulation Methods

Author/Editor:

Philippe D Karam ; Douglas Hostland

Publication Date:

December 1, 2005

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

This paper applies stochastic simulation methods to assess debt sustainability in emerging market economies and provide probability measures for projections of the external and public debt burden over the medium term. The vulnerability of public debt to adverse shocks is determined by a number of interrelated factors, including the volatility of output, financial fragility, the endogenous response of the risk premium, and sudden stops in private capital flows. The vulnerability of external debt is sensitive to the determination of the exchange rate and to the pricing of traded goods. We show that fiscal policy can act in a preemptive manner to prevent the debt burden from rising significantly over the medium term. This requires flexibility in fiscal planning, which many emerging market economies lack. Emerging market economies therefore face a difficult trade-off between managing the risk of a debt crisis and pursuing other important fiscal policy objectives.

Series:

Working Paper No. 05/226

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

December 1, 2005

ISBN/ISSN:

9781451862454/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2005226

Price:

$15.00 (Academic Rate:$15.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

36

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