China’s Rising IQ (Innovation Quotient) and Growth : Firm-level Evidence

Author/Editor:

Hui He ; Nan Li ; Jing Fang

Publication Date:

December 22, 2016

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

This paper examines whether the rapid growing firm patenting activity in China is associated with real economic outcome by building a unique dataset uniting detailed firm balance sheet information with firm patent data for the period of 1998-2007. We find strong evidence that within-firm increases in patent stock are associated with increases in firm size, exports, and more interestingly, total factor productivity and new product revenue share. Event studies using first-time patentees as the treatment group and non-patenting firms selected based on Propensity-Score Matching method as the control group also demonstrate similar effects following initial patent application. We also find that although state-owned enterprises (SOEs) on average have lower level of productivity and are less innovative compared to their non-state-owned peers, increases in patent stock tend to be associated with higher productivity growth among SOEs, especially for patents with lower innovative content. The latter could reflect the preferential government policies enjoyed by SOEs.

Series:

Working Paper No. 16/249

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

December 22, 2016

ISBN/ISSN:

9781475563139/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2016249

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

41

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