Real Effects of the Subprime Mortgage Crisis : Is it a Demand or a Finance Shock?

Author/Editor:

Hui Tong ; Shang-Jin Wei

Publication Date:

July 1, 2008

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

We develop a methodology to study how the subprime crisis spills over to the real economy. Does it manifest itself primarily through reducing consumer demand or through tightening liquidity constraint on non-financial firms? Since most non-financial firms have much larger cash holding than before, they appear unlikely to face significant liquidity constraint. We propose a methodology to estimate these two channels of spillovers. We first propose an index of a firm's sensitivity to consumer demand, based on its response to the 9/11 shock in 2001. We then construct a separate firm-level index on financial constraint based on Whited and Wu (2006). We find that both channels are at work, but a tightened liquidity squeeze is economically more important than a reduced consumer spending in explaining cross firm differences in stock price declines.

Series:

Working Paper No. 08/186

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

July 1, 2008

ISBN/ISSN:

9781451870442/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2008186

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

37

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