The Choice of Monetary and Exchange Rate Arrangements for a Small, Open, Low-Income Economy : The Case of São Tomé and Príncipe

Author/Editor:

Jian-Ye Wang ; Nisreen H. Farhan ; Amar Shanghavi ; Márcio Valério Ronci ; Misa Takebe

Publication Date:

May 1, 2008

Electronic Access:

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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

This paper assesses São Tomé and Príncipe's monetary and exchange rate arrangements in light of the country's monetary history and the relevant experience of comparable countries in Africa. The study highlights several structural characteristics of São Tomé and Príncipe including its very small size, high degree of openness, extensive use of foreign currencies, and inflexible product and factor markets in the consideration of an appropriate monetary and exchange regime. Firmly anchored currency arrangements, defined in this paper to include memberships in monetary unions or hard pegs, are found to be preferable to the status quo of a managed float. The paper applies statistical methods and takes into account other factors to identify the appropriate anchor currency. It stresses that fiscal discipline and prudent debt management are the main prerequisites for a firmly anchored currency arrangement.

Series:

Working Paper No. 08/118

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

May 1, 2008

ISBN/ISSN:

9781451869781/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA2008118

Price:

$18.00 (Academic Rate:$18.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

37

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