Highlights of this section:
The IMF is led by a Managing Director, who is head of the staff and Chairman of the Executive Board. The Managing Director is assisted by a First Deputy Managing Director and three other Deputy Managing Directors. The Management team oversees the work of the staff and maintains high-level contacts with member governments, the media, non-governmental organizations, think tanks, and other institutions.
According to the IMF's Articles of Agreement, the Managing Director "shall be chief of the operating staff of the Fund and shall conduct, under the direction of the Executive Board, the ordinary business of the Fund. Subject to the general control of the Executive Board, he shall be responsible for the organization, appointment, and dismissal of the staff of the Fund."
The IMF's Executive Board is responsible for selecting the Managing Director. Any Executive Director may submit a nomination for the position, consistent with past practice. When more than one candidate is nominated, as has been the case in recent years, the Executive Board aims to reach a decision by consensus.
Managing Director, Christine Lagarde, a French national, joined the IMF as Managing Director in July 2011. Before coming to the IMF, she was France's Minister for Economy, Finance and Industry.
David Lipton, of the United States, joined the IMF as Special Advisor to the Managing Director in July 2011. On September 1, 2011 he became First Deputy Managing Director. Prior to joining the Fund, Lipton served as Special Assistant to the President and as Senior Director for International Economic Affairs at the U.S. National Economic Council and U.S. National Security Council at the White House.
Naoyuki Shinohara, a Japanese national, joined the IMF as Deputy Managing Director in March 2010. Previously, he was Japan's Vice-Minister of Finance for International Affairs.
Nemat Shafik, from Egypt, became Deputy Managing Director of the IMF in April, 2011. Previously she had worked at the U.K. Department for International Development (DFID), the World Bank, and the International Finance Corp.
Min Zhu, from China, joined the IMF as Special Advisor to the Managing Director in May 2010. On July 26, 2011 he became Deputy Managing Director. Before coming to the IMF, Min Zhu was a Deputy Governor of the People’s Bank of China and previously worked at the World Bank.