Islamic Republic of Mauritania Resident Representative Site
Resident Representative Office in Mauritania
This web page provides information on the activities of the Office, views of the IMF staff, and the relations between Mauritania and the IMF. Additional information can be found on Islamic Republic of Mauritania and IMF country page, including official IMF reports and Executive Board documents in English that deal with Mauritania.
News — Highlights
Oil exporters in the Middle East and North Africa have been directly hit by the global financial crisis through a sharp drop in oil prices and a drying up of capital inflows, but the blow has been softened by countercyclical government spending, according to the IMF’s new regional forecast.
Islamic Republic of Mauritania and the IMF
Islamic Republic of Mauritania: Sixth Review Under the Three Year Extended Credit Facility Arrangement and Request of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion—Staff Report; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Islamic Republic of Mauritania
Press Release: IMF Executive Board Completes Sixth Review Under the ECF Arrangement for Mauritania and Approves US$16.9 Million Disbursement
Regional Economic Outlook: Middle East and Central Asia
The near-term economic outlook for the Middle East and North Africa region has weakened. In the oil-importing countries, many of which are Arab countries in transition, regional conflict, heightened political tensions, and delays in reforms continue to weigh on growth. In this context, the immediate policy priorities are to restore confidence and create jobs, make inroads into fiscal consolidation to restore debt sustainability and rebuild buffers, and embark on structural reforms needed to support private sector-led, job-intensive growth. Most oil-exporting countries continue to enjoy steady growth in the non-oil sector, supported in part by high levels of public spending. Although headline growth has declined because of domestic oil supply disruptions and lower global demand, a recovery in oil production is expected to lift growth next year. Increased vulnerability to a sustained decline in oil prices and intergenerational equity considerations underscore the need for countries to strengthen their fiscal buffers. Key medium-term challenges remain economic diversification and faster private-sector job-creation for nationals.
Economic activity in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) is expected to continue expanding rapidly, with the CCA remaining among the fastest-growing regions in the world. Growth will be driven by a recovery in the hydrocarbon sector and firm growth in domestic demand, supported in part by stable remittance inflows. Considerable downside risks weigh on this outlook, however, stemming in particular from slower-than-expected growth in Russia, an important trading partner and source of remittance inflows. CCA economies should take advantage of the favorable near-term economic conditions to rebuild fiscal policy buffers that were eroded after the global crisis. In some cases, more exchange rate flexibility would help increase resilience to unanticipated shocks while supporting competitiveness. The positive near-term outlook is also an opportunity to strengthen policy frameworks and set in motion a process of structural transformation into dynamic emerging economies.