Afghanistan Resident Representative Site
Resident Representative Office in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
This web page provides information on the activities of the Office, views of the IMF staff, and the relations between Afghanistan and the IMF. Additional information can be found on Afghanistan and IMF country page, including official IMF reports and Executive Board documents in English that deal with Afghanistan.
News — Highlights
Statement by IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde on the IMF’s Resident Representative in Afghanistan
Ms. Christine Lagarde, Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), made the following statement today on the death of Mr. Wabel Abdallah, the IMF’s Resident Representative in Afghanistan
Communiqué of “Afghanistan: The London Conference” Afghan Leadership, Regional Cooperation, International Partnership
Afghanistan and the IMF
Press Release: IMF Mission Reaches Staff-Level Agreement on SMP with the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Press Release: IMF’s Middle East Regional Technical Assistance Center Concludes Study Tour on VAT Implementation for the Afghanistan Revenue Department
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan: 2014 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Press Release; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
May 21, 2014
Series: Country Report No. 14/128
Regional Economic Outlook Update: Middle East & Central Asia
A large and possibly persistent decline in oil prices, and slower-than-projected growth in the euro area, China, Japan, and Russia, have substantially altered the economic context for countries in the Middle East and Central Asia. The appropriate policy response will depend on whether a country is an oil exporter or importer. A common theme, however, is that these developments present both an opportunity and an impetus to reform energy subsidies and step up structural reform efforts to support jobs and growth.
Lower oil prices have weakened the external and fiscal balances of oil exporters, including members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). Large buffers and available financing should allow most oil exporters to avoid sharp cuts in government spending, limiting the impact on near-term growth and financial stability. Oil exporters should prudently treat the oil price decline as largely permanent and adjust their medium-term fiscal consolidation plans so as to prevent major erosion of their buffers and to ensure intergenerational equity.
Gains from lower oil prices provide much-needed breathing space for oil importers but will be offset by a concurrent decline in external demand, particularly from Russia, but also from the euro area and China. Russia's sharp slowdown and currency depreciation have weakened the outlook for the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) because of strong linkages through trade, remittances, and foreign direct investment, suggesting the need for greater exchange rate flexibility and near-term fiscal easing where financing allows, along with stepped-up reform efforts.