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Article IV Staff Reports

Financial Sector Assessment Program

Projected % Change
   2014  2015
Real GDP 0.3 1.4
Consumer Prices 6.3 5.9
Source: World Economic Outlook (October 2014)
Please refer to more recent PIN/Staff reports on this country for possible revisions.

Brazil: Financial Position in the Fund

Transactions with the Fund

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Banco Central do Brasil

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Ministério da Fazenda

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Ministério do Planejamento, Orçamento e Gestão


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Brazil and the IMF
Updated October 12, 2014

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Publications
May 12, 2014 -- Time-Varying Neutral Interest Rate—The Case of Brazil
Author/Editor: Roberto Perrelli | Shaun K. Roache
Series: Working Paper No. 14/84
May 12, 2014 -- Fiscal Adjustment and Income Inequality: Sub-national Evidence from Brazil
Author/Editor: João Pedro Azevedo | Antonio David | Fabiano Rodrigues Bastos | Emilio Pineda
Series: Working Paper No. 14/85
April 04, 2014 -- Inflation Persistence in Brazil - A Cross Country Comparison
Author/Editor: Shaun K. Roache
Series: Working Paper No. 14/55
February 14, 2014 -- Rising BRICs and Changes in Sub-Saharan Africa’s Business Cycle Patterns
Author/Editor: Oumar Diallo | Sampawende J.-A. Tapsoba
Series: Working Paper No. 14/35
January 10, 2014 -- Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Emerging Markets: Can Fiscal Policy Help?
Author/Editor: Marialuz Moreno Badia | Alex Segura-Ubiergo
Series: Working Paper No. 14/1
December 17, 2013 -- Monetary Transmission in Brazil: Has the Credit Channel Changed?
Author/Editor: Mercedes Garcia-Escribano
Series: Working Paper No. 13/251
October 23, 2013 -- Brazil: Selected Issues
Series: Country Report No. 13/313
July 08, 2013 -- Chile: Selected Issues
Series: Country Report No. 13/199
June 06, 2013 -- Brazil: Technical Note on Stress Testing the Banking Sector
Series: Country Report No. 13/147
June 06, 2013 -- Brazil: Technical Note on Macroprudential Policy Framework
Series: Country Report No. 13/148
June 06, 2013 -- Brazil: Technical Note on Consumer Credit Growth and Household Financial Stress
Series: Country Report No. 13/149
May 30, 2013 -- The Growth Comeback in Developing Economies: A New Hope or Back to the Future?
Author/Editor: Bluedorn, John | Duttagupta, Rupa | Guajardo, Jaime | Mwase, Nkunde
Series: Working Paper No. 13/132
December 14, 2012 -- Brazil: Detailed Assessment of Observance of Insurance Core Principles of the International Association of Insurance Supervisors
Series: Country Report No. 12/334
November 29, 2012 -- Nonfinancial Firms in Latin America: A Source of Vulnerability?
Author/Editor: Gonzalez, Maria
Series: Working Paper No. 12/279
September 01, 2012 -- Brazil’s Capital Market: Current Status and Issues for Further Development
Author/Editor: Park, Joonkyu
Series: Working Paper No. 12/224
July 31, 2012 -- Brazil: Financial System Stability Assessment
Series: Country Report No. 12/206
July 31, 2012 -- Brazil: Detailed Assessment of Observance of Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision
Series: Country Report No. 12/207
July 20, 2012 -- Brazil: Selected Issues Paper
Series: Country Report No. 12/192
June 01, 2012 -- Intra-Regional Spillovers in South America: Is Brazil Systemic after All?
Author/Editor: Adler, Gustavo | Sosa, Sebastian
Series: Working Paper No. 12/145
March 01, 2012 -- BRICs’ Philosophies for Development Financing and Their Implications for LICs
Author/Editor: Mwase, Nkunde | Yang, Yongzheng
Series: Working Paper No. 12/74
March 01, 2012 -- Institutions, Informality, and Wage Flexibility: Evidence from Brazil
Author/Editor: Estevão, Marcello M. | Carvalho Filho, Irineu E.
Series: Working Paper No. 12/84
February 01, 2012 -- The Puzzle of Brazil's High Interest Rates
Author/Editor: Segura-Ubiergo, Alex
Series: Working Paper No. 12/62
December 01, 2011 -- Effectiveness of Capital Controls in Selected Emerging Markets in the 2000s
Author/Editor: Baba, Chikako | Kokenyne, Annamaria
Series: Working Paper No. 11/281
November 01, 2011 -- Determinants of Development Financing Flows from Brazil, Russia, India, and China to Low-Income Countries
Author/Editor: Mwase, Nkunde
Series: Working Paper No. 11/255
November 01, 2011 -- Low-Income Countries' BRIC Linkage: Are There Growth Spillovers?
Author/Editor: Samaké, Issouf | Yang, Yongzheng
Series: Working Paper No. 11/267
August 01, 2011 -- Financing Infrastructure in India: Macroeconomic Lessons and Emerging Market Case Studies
Author/Editor: Walsh, James P | Park, Chanho | Yu, Jiangyan
Series: Working Paper No. 11/181
July 01, 2011 -- FDI from BRICs to LICs: Emerging Growth Driver?
Author/Editor: Mlachila, Montfort | Takebe, Misa
Series: Working Paper No. 11/178
June 01, 2011 -- The Distributive Effects of Land Title on Labor Supply: Evidence from Brazil
Author/Editor: Moura, Mauricio | Piza, Caio | Poplawski-Ribeiro, Marcos
Series: Working Paper No. 11/131
May 01, 2011 -- Identifying Fiscal Policy Transmission in Stochastic Debt Forecasts
Author/Editor: Kawakami, Kei | Romeu, Rafael
Series: Working Paper No. 11/107
May 01, 2011 -- On Brazil’s Term Structure: Stylized Facts and Analysis of Macroeconomic Interactions
Author/Editor: Alves, Luiz | Cabral, Rodrigo | Munclinger, Richard | Rodriguez Waldo, Marco
Series: Working Paper No. 11/113
January 01, 2011 -- Exploration of the Brazilian Term Structure in a Hidden Markov Framework
Author/Editor: Munclinger, Richard
Series: Working Paper No. 11/22
December 01, 2010 -- Weathering the Global Storm: The Benefits of Monetary Policy Reform in the LA5 Countries
Author/Editor: Canales Kriljenko, Jorge Iván | Jácome, Luis Ignacio | Alichi, Ali | de Oliveira Lima, Ivan Luis
Series: Working Paper No. 10/292
January 01, 2010 -- Post-Crisis Bank Behavior: Lessons from Mercosur
Series: Working Paper No. 10/1
November 01, 2009 -- From Lombard Street to Avenida Paulista: Foreign Exchange Liquidity Easing in Brazil in Response to the Global Shock of 2008-09
Author/Editor: Stone, Mark R. | Walker, W. Christopher | Yasui, Yosuke
Series: Working Paper No. 09/259
October 01, 2009 -- Do Trading Partners Still Matter for Nigeria's Growth? A Contribution to the Debate on Decoupling and Spillovers
Author/Editor: Obiora, Kingsley I.
Series: Working Paper No. 09/218
October 01, 2008 -- Household Income As A Determinant of Child Labor and School Enrollment in Brazil: Evidence From A Social Security Reform
Author/Editor: Carvalho Filho, Irineu E.
Series: Working Paper No. 08/241
August 01, 2008 -- Monetary Transmission in an Emerging Targeter: The Case of Brazil
Author/Editor: Catão, Luis | Laxton, Douglas | Pagan, A. R.
Series: Working Paper No. 08/191
August 01, 2008 -- The Myth of Post-Reform Income Stagnation: Evidence from Brazil and Mexico
Author/Editor: Carvalho Filho, Irineu E. | Chamon, Marcos
Series: Working Paper No. 08/197
June 18, 2008 -- IMF Staff Papers, Volume 55, No. 1, 2008
Series: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 55, No. 1
December 01, 2007 -- Is Brazil Different? Risk, Dollarization, and Interest Rates in Emerging Markets
Author/Editor: Bacha, Edmar L. | Holland, Márcio | Gonçalves, Fernando M.
Series: Working Paper No. 07/294
December 01, 2007 -- Stochastic Volatilities and Correlations, Extreme Values and Modeling the Macroeconomic Environment, Under Which Brazilian Banks Operate
Author/Editor: Barnhill, Theodore M. | Souto, Marcos
Series: Working Paper No. 07/290
December 01, 2006 -- The Myth of Post-Reform Income Stagnation in Brazil
Author/Editor: Carvalho Filho, Irineu E. | Chamon, Marcos
Series: Working Paper No. 06/275
December 01, 2006 -- Probabilistic Sustainability of Public Debt: A Vector Autoregression Approach for Brazil, Mexico, and Turkey
Author/Editor: Tanner, Evan | Samaké, Issouf
Series: Working Paper No. 06/295
December 01, 2006 -- Brazil's Long-Term Growth Performance -Trying to Explain the Puzzle
Author/Editor: Adrogué, Ricardo | Cerisola, Martin | Gelos, Gaston
Series: Working Paper No. 06/282
November 01, 2006 -- The Pricing of Credit Default Swaps During Distress
Author/Editor: Andritzky, Jochen R. | Singh, Manmohan
Series: Working Paper No. 06/254
October 01, 2006 -- External Adjustment and Equilibrium Exchange Rate in Brazil
Author/Editor: Paiva, Claudio
Series: Working Paper No. 06/221
May 01, 2006 -- Regional Convergence in Latin America
Author/Editor: Serra, Maria Isabel | Pazmino, Maria Fernanda | Lindow, Genevieve | Sutton, Bennett | Ramirez, Gustavo
Series: Working Paper No. 06/125
February 01, 2006 -- Common Factors in Latin America's Business Cycles
Author/Editor: Aiolfi, Marco | Catão, Luis | Timmermann, Allan
Series: Working Paper No. 06/49
July 01, 2005 -- Tax Systems under Fiscal Adjustment: A Dynamic CGE Analysis of the Brazilian Tax Reform
Author/Editor: Lledo, Victor Duarte
Series: Working Paper No. 05/142
June 20, 2005 -- Brazil: Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes--FATF Recommendations for Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism
Series: Country Report No. 05/207
June 01, 2005 -- What Drives Inflation Expectations in Brazil? An Empirical Analysis
Author/Editor: Cerisola, Martin | Gelos, Gaston
Series: Working Paper No. 05/109
April 01, 2005 -- Central Bank Losses and Experiences in Selected Countries
Author/Editor: Dalton, John W. | Dziobek, Claudia Helene
Series: Working Paper No. 05/72
August 01, 2004 -- Fiscal Policy and Debt Sustainability: Cardoso's Brazil, 1995-2002
Author/Editor: Giambiagi, Fabio | Ronci, Márcio Valério
Series: Working Paper No. 04/156
July 01, 2004 -- The Contingent Claims Approach to Corporate Vulnerability Analysis: Estimating Default Risk and Economy-wide Risk Transfer
Author/Editor: Gapen, Michael T. | Gray, Dale F. | Xiao, Yingbin | Lim, Cheng Hoon
Series: Working Paper No. 04/121
January 01, 2004 -- How Private Creditors Fared in Emerging Debt Markets, 1970-2000
Author/Editor: Klingen, Christoph | Weder, Beatrice | Zettelmeyer, Jeromin
Series: Working Paper No. 04/13
October 01, 2003 -- The IMF and Recent Capital Account Crises: Indonesia, Korea, Brazil [Pamphlet]
Series: Independent Evaluation Office Pamphlet
September 03, 2003 -- The IMF and Recent Capital Account Crises: Indonesia, Korea, Brazil
Author/Editor: Mansoor, Ali M. | Takagi, Shinji | Barnes, Kevin | Cohen, Benjamin H.
Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports
July 28, 2003 -- The IMF and Recent Capital Account Crises: Indonesia, Korea, Brazil [Advance Copy]
Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports
July 01, 2003 -- Trade Elasticities and Market Expectations in Brazil
Author/Editor: Paiva, Claudio
Series: Working Paper No. 03/140
July 01, 2003 -- Exchange Rate Pass-Through in Brazil
Author/Editor: Belaisch, Agnes
Series: Working Paper No. 03/141
June 01, 2003 -- Do Brazilian Banks Compete?
Author/Editor: Belaisch, Agnes
Series: Working Paper No. 03/113
May 01, 2003 -- Pick Your Poison: The Exchange Rate Regime and Capital Account Volatility in Emerging Markets
Author/Editor: Iwata, Shigeru | Tanner, Evan
Series: Working Paper No. 03/92
February 01, 2002 -- International Capital Crunches: The Time-Varying Role of Informational Asymmetries
Author/Editor: Mody, Ashoka | Taylor, Mark P.
Series: Working Paper No. 02/43
February 01, 2002 -- International Capital Crunches: The Time-Varying Role of Informational Asymmetries
Author/Editor: Mody, Ashoka | Taylor, Mark P.
Series: Working Paper No. 02/43
January 01, 2002 -- Fiscal Sustainability and Monetary versus Fiscal Dominance: Evidence from Brazil, 1991-2000
Author/Editor: Tanner, Evan | Ramos, Alberto M.
Series: Working Paper No. 02/5
January 01, 2002 -- Fiscal Sustainability and Monetary versus Fiscal Dominance: Evidence from Brazil, 1991-2000
Author/Editor: Tanner, Evan | Ramos, Alberto M.
Series: Working Paper No. 02/5
December 06, 2001 -- Brazil: Report on Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC)--Fiscal Transparency Module
Series: Country Report No. 01/217
December 06, 2001 -- Brazil: Report on Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC)--Fiscal Transparency Module
Series: Country Report No. 01/217
May 01, 2001 -- Bank Debit Taxes in Latin America - An Analysis of Recent Trends
Author/Editor: Coelho, Isaias | Ebrill, Liam P. | Summers, Victoria P.
Series: Working Paper No. 01/67
March 01, 2001 -- Inflation Targeting in the Context of IMF-Supported Adjustment Programs
Author/Editor: Bléjer, Mario I. | Leone, Alfredo Mario | Schwartz, Gerd | Rabanal, Pau
Series: Working Paper No. 01/31
January 11, 2001 -- Brazil: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix
Series: Country Report No. 01/10
October 01, 2000 -- The Russian Default and the Contagion to Brazil
Author/Editor: Baig, Taimur | Goldfajn, Ilan
Series: Working Paper No. 00/160
September 20, 1999 -- Brazil--Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix
Series: IMF Staff Country Report No. 99/97
April 15, 1998 -- Brazil Recent Economic Developments
Series: IMF Staff Country Report No. 98/24
February 01, 1998 -- Public Debt Indexation and Denomination - The Case of Brazil
Author/Editor: Goldfajn, Ilan
Series: Working Paper No. 98/18
October 01, 1997 -- Cyclical Fluctuations in Brazil's Real Exchange Rate: The Role of Domestic and External Factors
Author/Editor: Agénor, Pierre-Richard | Hoffmaister, Alexander W. | Medeiros, Carlos I.
Series: Working Paper No. 97/128
September 01, 1997 -- Capital Flows to Brazil-The Endogeneity of Capital Controls
Author/Editor: Cardoso, Eliane A. | Goldfajn, Ilan
Series: Working Paper No. 97/115
Notes: Also published in Staff Papers, Vol. 45, No. 1, March 1998.
September 01, 1997 -- Income Distribution and Social Expenditure in Brazil
Author/Editor: Clements, Benedict J.
Series: Working Paper No. 97/120
May 01, 1996 -- Infrequent Large Nominal Devaluations and their Impact on the Futures Prices for Foreign Exchange in Brazil
Author/Editor: Drummond, Paulo Flavio Nacif
Series: Working Paper No. 96/49
February 01, 1996 -- "The Sources of Macroeconomic Fluctuations in Developing Countries: Brazil and Korea"
Author/Editor: Hoffmaister, Alexander W. | Roldos, Jorge E.
Series: Working Paper No. 96/20
September 28, 1995 -- Policies for Growth: The Latin American Experience: Proceedings of a Conference held in Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, March 16-19, 1994
Author/Editor: Resende, André Lara | Muns, Joaquín
Notes: The conference was cosponsored by the International Monetary Fund, the Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, and the Central Bank of Brazil.
February 01, 1994 -- Targeting the Real Exchange Rate: Theory and Evidence
Author/Editor: Calvo, Guillermo | Reinhart, Carmen | Végh Gramont, Carlos A.
Series: Working Paper No. 94/22
February 01, 1994 -- Targeting the Real Exchange Rate: Theory and Evidence
Author/Editor: Calvo, Guillermo | Reinhart, Carmen | Végh Gramont, Carlos A.
Series: Working Paper No. 94/22
December 01, 1991 -- Growth Strategies, Employment, and Income Distribution in Brazil: An Input-Output Assessment
Author/Editor: Clements, Benedict J.
Series: Working Paper No. 91/122
July 01, 1991 -- Economic Growth in Latin America
Author/Editor: De Gregorio, Jose
Series: Working Paper No. 91/71
May 01, 1991 -- The Demand for Money During High Inflation Episodes - Some Latin American Evidence on the Cagan Model
Author/Editor: Taylor, Mark P. | Phylaktis, Kate
Series: Working Paper No. 91/48
December 01, 1990 -- Real Interest Rate Targeting: An Example From Brazil
Author/Editor: Clifton, Eric V.
Series: Working Paper No. 90/111