Data and Statistics
April 17, 2013
World Economic Outlook Databases (WEO)
Download time series data for GDP growth, inflation, unemployment, payments balances, exports, imports, external debt, capital flows, commodity prices, more.
International Financial Statistics (IFS)
Approximately 32,000 time series covering more than 200 countries starting in 1948. Includes exchange rates, Fund accounts and the main global and country economic indicators.
Principal Global Indicators (PGI)
A website that brings together data for the major economies available from international agencies covering the financial, governmental, external, and real sectors, and provides links to data in web sites of international and national agencies.
Public Sector Debt Statistics Online Centralized Database
A joint World Bank-IMF database that presents public sector debt statistics (general government plus public corporations) with quarterly frequency. Breakdowns by level of government, type of instrument, currency, and maturity are provided, using standard definitions to support cross-country comparisons.
Joint External Debt Hub
Database that brings together data on external debt and selected foreign assets available from international agencies (creditor/market sources) and external debt data available from the QEDS database (national/debtor sources).
Quarterly External Debt Statistics (QEDS)
External debt data reported by SDDS subscribers (extended to a number of GDDS economies in early 2008), with additional details on currency composition, debt service profile, and other presentations that facilitate cross-country data analysis.
Balance of Payments Statistics (BOPS)
The BOPS yearbook includes annual aggregate and detailed time series for balance of payments and international investment position for countries; provides world and regional tables of balance of payments components and aggregates; and descriptions of methodologies, compilation practices and data sources used by individual countries.
Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey (CPIS)
The CPIS collects information on the stock of cross-border holdings of equities and long- and short-term debt securities broken down by the economy of residence of the issuer. Data now available also through IMF eLibrary-Data. The results of the 2011 CPIS have now been released.
Coordinated Direct Investment Survey (CDIS)
The CDIS collects data and metadata on inward and outward direct investment positions cross-classified by counterpart economy. Separate data on equity and debt positions, and other breakdowns, are provided. Data are available also through the IMF eLibrary-Data.
Provides comprehensive trial and subscription access to IFS, BOPS, DOTS, GFS and free access to a range of additional IMF datasets. Access free data; order subscription; free trial; journalists.
Currency Composition of Official Foreign Exchange Reserves (COFER)
End-of-period quarterly data on the currency composition of official foreign exchange reserves. Data presented in CSV and PDF are aggregated data. Data now available also through IMF eLibrary-Data.
Financial Access Survey (FAS)
2013 Survey ongoing
Provides annual geographic and demographic data on access to basic consumer financial services worldwide. This is achieved through the identification and development of appropriate high quality data that are comparable across countries and over time collected by means of periodic surveys.
Financial Soundness Indicators (FSIs)
Provides data and detailed metadata reported on a regular basis by a first batch of member countries for 12 core and 28 encouraged FSIs. Countries may report monthly, quarterly, semiannual, or annual FSIs for dissemination. The IMF will aim over time to expand the list of reporting member countries.
Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)
Provides data on the country and area distribution of countries' exports and imports by their partners.
The DOTS yearbook gives seven years of data for about 187 countries.
The DOTS quarterly covers data for the most recent six quarters and the latest year for about 156 countries, and ten quarters and five years for the world and area tables.
Primary Commodity Prices
Indices in terms of dollars or sdrs, indices of market prices for non-fuel commodities and petroleum, actual market prices for non-fuel commodities and petroleum, and average weekly prices for non-fuel commodities and petroleum.
Data Template on International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity
Re-disseminates IMF member countries' data on international reserves and foreign currency liquidity in a common template and in a common currency (the U.S. dollar). Historical data by country and selected topics are also available.
Government Finance Statistics (GFS)
Contains detailed annual statistical data on revenue, expense, transactions in assets and liabilities, and stocks of assets and liabilities of general government and its subsectors as reported by member countries.
Monitoring of Fund Arrangements Database (MONA)
Download comparable data on the economic objectives and outcomes of Fund-supported arrangements since 2002.
G-20 Surveillance Notes
Notes provided by IMF staff ahead of a series of meetings held by the G-20 deputies and ministers. They provide a summary of global economic prospects at the time of the respective meeting.
Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB)
Established to guide countries in the provision of their economic and financial data to the public.
General Data Dissemination System (GDDS)
Provides recommendations on good practice for the production and dissemination of statistics. See our Guide for Participants and Users and our assessment of the last ten years of GDDS (January, 2008) . The purpose of this Guide is to explain the nature and objectives of the General Data Dissemination System, to describe its operational features, and to provide practical guidance to IMF member countries that are, or are considering, participation in the GDDS. Additional translations (Arabic, French, Russian, and Spanish) are being prepared and will be available shortly.
» External Sector Statistics
Balance of Payments Manual
A guide for IMF member countries that regularly report balance of payments data to the IMF.
Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6)
International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity: Guidelines for a Data Template
Provides operational advice to IMF member countries that are subscribers to the Special Data Dissemination Standard regarding how to complete the prescribed (mandatory) monthly Data Template on International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity.
External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users
Provides comprehensive guidance for the measurement and presentation of external debt statistics; it can be considered an update of the External Debt: Definition, Statistical Coverage and Methodology. عربي | Espa˝ol | Franšais | 中文 (章节: 1-14 15-19) | Русский
Update of the External Debt Guide on Issues Emerging from BPM6
中文 | Spanish
Paper discussed and approved at the March 2009 meeting of the Task Force on Finance Statistics (TFFS). It identifies main changes in BPM6 on which methodological advice and recording treatment will be provided in the Updated External Debt Statistics Guide (2013).
Quarterly National Accounts Manual—Concepts, Data Sources, and Compilation
Drafted to help countries establish or strengthen quarterly national accounts that meet users needs.
Export and Import Price Index (XMPI) Manual contains detailed, comprehensive information and explanations for compiling XMPIs.
Consumer Price Index (CPI) Manual measures the rate at which the prices of consumer goods and services are changing over time. Also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Spanish, and Russian
Producer Price Index (PPI) Manual: measures the rate at which the prices of producer goods and services are changing overtime.
Practical Guide to Producing Consumer Price Indices: is targeted at developing countries focusing on practical solutions to the problems facing
compilers of the consumer price index (CPI) in the developing world. Also available in French and Spanish
System of National Accounts 2008
(2008 SNA) is an updated version of the System of National Accounts, 1993 (1993 SNA). It is the fifth version of the SNA, the first of which was published over fifty years ago.
» Government Finance
Government Finance Statistics
List of manuals and guides on government finance statistics.
Revision to GFSM 2001—Draft chapters
The draft edition of the revised Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001 updates the internationally recognized guidelines for the compilation of statistics required for fiscal analysis that were established by the earlier manuals (Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001 and A Manual of Government Finance Statistics 1986). Please provide comments on these draft chapters by March 15, 2013.
Government Finance Statistics Manual
Covers concepts, definitions, classifications, and accounting rules, and provides a comprehensive analytic framework within which the statistics can be summarized and presented in a form appropriate for analysis, planning, and policy determination.
English | Arabic | Chinese | French | Russian | Spanish
Quarterly Government Finance Statistics – Guide for Compilers and Users
This Guide is a reference for compilers and users of Government Finance Statistics. We hope that it will contribute to more timely, accurate, and more internationally comparable data and an improved understanding of the complex issues involved.
The Public Sector Debt Statistics – Guide for Compilers and Users
The Public Sector Debt Statistics-Guide for Compilers and Users (PSDSG) provides comprehensive guidance for the measurement, compilation, analytical use, and presentation of public sector debt statistics. The PSDSG was produced by the IMF in conjunction with other members from the Task Force on Finance Statistics (TFFS).
Government Finance Statistics: Compilation Guide for Developing Countries, September 2011
The GFS Compilation Guide provides detailed information on how to gradually introduce the guidelines of the Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001 and best practices into the compilation and dissemination of fiscal statistics. The key issues in the compilation of statistics for government institutions in developing countries are discussed, and illustrated with many examples, figures, and tables.
Manual on Fiscal Transparency
Guidance on the implementation of the Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency
» Monetary and Financial Statistics
Monetary and Financial Statistics Manual
Covers concepts, definitions, classifications of financial instruments and sectors, and accounting rules, and provides a comprehensive analytic framework for monetary and financial planning and policy determination.
Monetary and Financial Statistics: Compilation Guide
Offers detailed guidelines for the compilation of monetary and financial statistics.
Update of the Monetary and Financial Statistics Manual (MFSM) and the Monetary and Financial Statistics Compilation Guide (MFSCG)
The MFSM and MFSCG, published by the IMF in 2000 and 2008, respectively, are being updated to align their contents with the changes resulting from the move to 2008 System of National Accounts (SNA) from 1993 SNA and to incorporate a number of methodological and operational enhancements. The IMF Statistics Department (STA) is leading this work with the view to completing it by end-2013. As part of this process, the current MFSM and MFSCG will be merged in one single document. Central bank officials responsible for MFS have been invited to contribute to this effort, including by reviewing and providing comments throughout the envisaged process. A draft of the new joint Manual–Compilation Guide is expected to be posted for public comment in the first half of 2013.
An Annotated Outline for the forthcoming Monetary and Financial Statistics Manual and Compilation Guide has been posted publicly. An Issues Paper has also been posted publicly. The public comment period on the Issues Paper closed on January 13, 2012.
Drawing from the comments received on the Issues Paper, STA has prepared a Discussion Note that facilitated the meeting of senior-level experts on MFS convened to discuss the update of the MFSM and MFSCG at IMF Headquarters during February 22-23, 2012. Some 40 representatives from about 30 countries and 10 international or regional organizations attended the meeting. The Summary of Main Conclusions of the experts meeting has been posted publicly.
Financial Soundness Indicators: Compilation Guide
Responds to the need for tools to
assess the strengths and vulnerabilities of financial systems.
Update on the Financial Soundness Indicators Reference Group (FSIRG) Meeting
The FSIRG met at IMF Headquarters in Washington, DC, during November 15-16, 2011, to review the current list of core (12) and encouraged (28) financial soundness indicators (FSIs) in the context of the G – 20 Data Gaps Initiative.
Representatives from 32 countries and 10 international organizations attended the meeting. The FSIRG's Summary of Key Points and Conclusions has been posted publicly. Based on this document, the IMF's Statistics Department (STA) is developing a work program on FSIs that will culminate with the production of a new revised FSIs Compilation Guide towards the end of calendar year 2013. The FSIRG and the broader community of national authorities of countries that are regular FSIs reporters to STA will remain closely engaged throughout this process.
Meetings and Related Statistical Materials
Strengthening Sectoral Position and Flow Data in the Macroeconomic Accounts
IMF and OECD held a Conference on Strengthening Sectoral Position and Flow Data in the Macroeconomic Accounts at IMF headquarters February 28-March 2, 2011. Users and compilers of official statistics from the G-20 and other advanced economies shared experiences, discussed information gaps in their sectoral accounts, and agreed on a template based on existing statistical frameworks that would help to set national priorities for the compilation and dissemination of an internationally comparable minimum set of sectoral balance sheet, accumulation, and flow of funds accounts.
Recent Developments and Current Initiatives (2012)
Reports on the activities undertaken in support of the mission of the Statistics Department of the IMF.
Previous Issues: 2011 | 2010 | 2009
IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics
The IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics was established by the IMF’s Executive Board in 1992 to improve the availability, consistency, and reliability of balance of payments and international investment position statistics worldwide.
• Annual Reports
• Issues for discussion by the Committee
Working Group on Securities Databases
In July 2007, the Working Group on Securities Databases (WGSD), originally established in 1999, was reconvened in response to various international initiatives and recommendations to improve information on securities markets. The members of the WGSD are the IMF (chair), the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), the European Central Bank (ECB), and the World Bank. Selected experts from national central banks, who have participated actively in various international groups that have identified the need to improve data on securities markets, have also been invited to contribute to the deliberations of the WGSD.
The Handbook on Securities Statistics is the first publication of its kind to focus exclusively on securities statistics. Part 1 of the Handbook, which deals with debt securities issues, was published in May 2009. Part 2 of the Handbook, covering debt securities holdings, was published in September 2010. Part 3 of the Handbook focusing on equity securities, was released in November 2012.
Task Force on Harmonization of Public Sector Accounting
Statistical Capacity Building: Case Studies and Lessons Learned
The studies focus on countries that were in transition and postconflict situations in the 1990s and early 2000s.
Balance of Payments Statistics Newsletters
Information on the work of the Balance of Payments Committee and on statistical developments in balance of payments taking place in particular countries and in international organizations.
Task Force on Finance Statistics (TFFS)
The TFFS sets methodological standards for statistics on external debt and on public debt; promotes data availability on financial stocks, particularly external debt; encourages internationally accepted statistical practices to enhance data quality; and fosters inter-agency collaboration in statistical capacity building.
Users Conference on the Financial Crisis and Information Gaps
The IMF and the FSB hosted a Users Conference during July 8-9, 2009 in Washington, D.C.
International experts on financial stability and statistics from primarily G-20 economies and international agencies attended. The main purpose of the conference was to solicit views of users on which data gaps were most relevant in the build up to the crisis and on proposals for strengthening data collection going forward.
• Conference website
The Financial Crisis and Information Gaps - Progress Report on the G-20 Data Gaps Initiative: Status, Action Plans, and Timetables
Prepared by the IMF Staff and the FSB Secretariat, September 2012
Archive of reports
High-Level Conference on Financial Crisis and Information Gaps
Conference co-hosted by the International Monetary Fund and the Financial Stability Board, Basel, Switzerland, April 8-9, 2010
Implementing the G-20 Data Gaps Recommendations: State of Play and Next Steps, Conference co-hosted with the IMF and the Financial Stability Board (FSB) Secretariat for G-20 senior officials on the G-20 Data Gaps Initiative, Washington D.C., March 30-31, 2011.
Inventory of Statistics on Cross-Border Exposures of Financial and Nonfinancial Corporations
As part of the G-20 Data Gaps Initiative and responding to the needs for better understanding cross-border exposures of financial and nonfinancial corporations, a working group comprising the BIS, the ECB, the IMF, and the OECD have prepared an inventory of these statistics. The inventory identifies 29 databases that are maintained by the BIS, ECB, IMF, OECD, and the World Bank; and include information on various aspects of cross-border exposures of financial and nonfinancial corporations. The inventory can be accessed through the Principal Global Indicators (PGI) website of the Inter-Agency Group on Economic and Financial Statistics under the Additional Data Sources tab.