Data

Last Updated: May 13, 2015

The IMF publishes a range of time series data on IMF lending, exchange rates and other economic and financial indicators. Manuals, guides, and other material on statistical practices at the IMF, in member countries, and of the statistical community at large are also available.

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Data

Global Data

World Economic Outlook Databases (WEO) Updated

Download time series data for GDP growth, inflation, unemployment, payments balances, exports, imports, external debt, capital flows, commodity prices.

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International Financial Statistics (IFS)

Download time series data for GDP growth, inflation, unemployment, payments balances, exports, imports, external debt, capital flows, commodity prices.

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IMF eLibrary Data

Provides comprehensive access to IFS, BOPS, DOTS, GFS and free access to a range of additional IMF datasets.

eLibrary DataNew Data Portal

Principal Global Indicators (PGI)

A website that brings together data for the major economies available from international agencies covering the financial, governmental, external, and real sectors, and provides links to data in web sites of international and national agencies.

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Global Housing Watch New

A website that tracks developments in housing markets around the world. It provides current data on house prices as well as metrics used to assess valuation in housing markets, such as house price-to-rent and house price-to-income ratios.

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Balance of Payments Statistics (BOPS)

The BOPS yearbook includes annual aggregate and detailed time series for balance of payments and international investment position for countries; provides world and regional tables of balance of payments components and aggregates; and descriptions of methodologies, compilation practices and data sources used by individual countries.

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Coordinated Direct Investment Survey (CDIS)

The CDIS collects data and metadata on inward and outward direct investment positions cross-classified by counterpart economy. Separate data on equity and debt positions, and other breakdowns, are provided.

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Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey (CPIS)

The CPIS collects information on the stock of cross-border holdings of equities and long- and short-term debt securities broken down by the economy of residence of the issuer.

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Currency Composition of Official Foreign Exchange Reserves (COFER)

Aggregated end-of-period quarterly data on the currency composition of official foreign exchange reserves.

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Currency Composition of Official Foreign Currency Assets New

The IMF conducted an ad–hoc survey of member countries on their holdings of currencies in Official Foreign Currency Assets. The ad-hoc survey was conducted during April-May, 2015, and requested end-position data for 2013–2014. Click here for the summary results of this survey.

Data Template on International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity

Re-disseminates IMF member countries' data on international reserves and foreign currency liquidity in a common template and in a common currency (the U.S. dollar). Historical data by country and selected topics are also available.

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Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)

Provides data on the country and area distribution of countries' exports and imports by their partners.

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Government Finance Statistics (GFS) New

Contains detailed annual statistical data on revenue, expense, transactions in assets and liabilities, and stocks of assets and liabilities of general government and its subsectors as reported by member countries.

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Financial Access Survey (FAS)

Provides annual geographic and demographic data on access to basic consumer financial services worldwide. This is achieved through the identification and development of appropriate high quality data that are comparable across countries and over time collected by means of periodic surveys.

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Financial Soundness Indicators (FSIs)

Provides data and detailed metadata reported on a regular basis by a first batch of member countries for 12 core and 28 encouraged FSIs. Countries may report monthly, quarterly, semiannual, or annual FSIs for dissemination. The IMF will aim over time to expand the list of reporting member countries.

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G-20 Surveillance Notes

Notes provided by IMF staff ahead of a series of meetings held by the G-20 deputies and ministers. They provide a summary of global economic prospects at the time of the respective meeting.

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Joint External Debt Hub

Database that brings together data on external debt and selected foreign assets available from international agencies (creditor/market sources) and external debt data available from the QEDS database (national/debtor sources).

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Monitoring of Fund Arrangements Database (MONA)

Download comparable data on the economic objectives and outcomes of Fund-supported arrangements since 2002.

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Primary Commodity Prices

Indices in terms of dollars or sdrs, indices of market prices for non-fuel commodities and petroleum, actual market prices for non-fuel commodities and petroleum, and average weekly prices for non-fuel commodities and petroleum.

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Public Sector Debt Statistics Online Centralized Database

A joint World Bank-IMF database that presents public sector debt statistics (general government plus public corporations) with quarterly frequency. Breakdowns by level of government, type of instrument, currency, and maturity are provided, using standard definitions to support cross-country comparisons.

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Quarterly External Debt Statistics (QEDS)

External debt data reported by SDDS subscribers (extended to a number of GDDS economies in early 2008), with additional details on currency composition, debt service profile, and other presentations that facilitate cross-country data analysis.

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IMF Financial Data

IMF Financial Data by Country

Summary of IMF members' relations with the Fund

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IMF Financial Data By Topic

Disbursements & Repayments Historical data since 1984.
Projected Payments to the IMF Members' currently scheduled payments to the IMF.
IMF Credit Outstanding Levels (in SDRs) of IMF credit outstanding since 1984.
Lending Arrangements Similar to a line of credit to support a country's adjustment program.
SDR Allocations & Holdings Member data on SDRs, the international reserve asset created by the IMF.
Protracted Arrears Amounts due from member countries that are six or more months overdue.

IMF Financial Activities

Weekly Summary report of financial assistance to member countries.

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IMF Financial Resources & Liquidity

(Monthly) Total IMF resources, usable resources, and the one-year forward commitment capacity (FCC).

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IMF Financial Transactions (Quarterly)

Use of the Fund's quota-based resources to finance operations.

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IMF Financial Statements (Quarterly)

Prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards.

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Annual Report

Financial year ending April 30.

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SDR Interest Rate, Rate of Remuneration, Rate of Charge and Burden Sharing Adjustments Updated

updated every Monday

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SDR Interest Rate Calculation

The interest rate on the SDR is defined as the sum of the multiplicative products in SDR terms of the currency amounts in the SDR valuation basket, the level of the interest rate on the financial instrument of each component currency in the basket, and the exchange rate of each currency against the SDR.

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SDR Valuation

The SDR currency value is calculated daily and the valuation basket is reviewed and adjusted every five years.

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New SDR Basket

The initial weights assigned to each currency in the SDR basket have been adjusted to take account of changes in the share of each currency in world exports of goods and services and international reserves.

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Exchange Rate Data

SDRs per Currency unit

(e.g. $ 1.00 = 0.67353 SDR)
last five days
Current Month
Archives

Representative Rates for Selected Currencies

Normally quoted as currency units per U.S. dollar, are reported daily to the Fund by the issuing central bank.
Latest
Current Month
Archives

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

The exchange and trade systems of IMF member countries are presented.  (not available in full text online) order

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Currency units per SDR

(e.g. $ 1.48472 = 1 SDR)
last five days
Current Month
Archives

Exchange Rate Archives

1995 to the present

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Standards & Codes

Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board (DSBB) New

Established to guide countries in the provision of their economic and financial data to the public.

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General Data Dissemination System (GDDS)

The General Data Dissemination System Guide for Participants and Users—The General Data Dissemination System provides member countries with a basic framework for a broader national statistical development strategy. It covers a set of statistics recognized to be essential for all countries for policy making and analysis in an environment that increasingly requires relevant, comprehensive, accurate, and timely statistics available to the general public. The guide explains the nature and objectives of the system, describes its operation, and provides practical guidance on participation in the system.

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Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS)

The Special Data Dissemination Standard Plus Guide for Adherents and Users— The SDDS Plus was established in October 2012 as a third tier of the IMF's Data Standards Initiatives to address data gaps revealed during the global crisis. It includes an additional nine data categories. The guide elaborates in detail the requirements for these nine data categories.

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Special Data Dissemination Standard Plus (SDDS+)

The Special Data Dissemination Standard Plus Guide for Adherents and Users— The SDDS Plus was established in October 2012 as a third tier of the IMF's Data Standards Initiatives to address data gaps revealed during the global crisis. It includes an additional nine data categories. The guide elaborates in detail the requirements for these nine data categories.

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Reports on Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSCs)

Summarize the extent to which countries observe certain internationally recognized standards and codes.

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Manuals & Guides

External Sector Statistics

Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)

A guide to collect and compile balance of payments and international investment position data. It updates the fifth edition (BPM5) that was released in 1993.

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BPM6 Compilation Guide

Companion document to the BPM6. It updates the Balance of Payments Compilation Guide that was released in 1995 to accompany the BPM5.

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Balance of Payments Manual, fifth edition (BPM5)

Updated by the sixth edition (BPM6).

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International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity: Guidelines for a Data Template

Provides operational advice to IMF member countries that are subscribers to the Special Data Dissemination Standard regarding how to complete the prescribed (mandatory) monthly Data Template on International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity.

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2013 External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users (2013 EDS Guide)

2013 EDS Guide provides comprehensive guidance for the measurement, compilation, analytical use, and presentation of external debt statistics. The 2013 EDS Guide was produced by the IMF in conjunction with other members from the Inter-Agency Task Force on Finance Statistics (TFFS).
2003 External Debt Statistics: Guide for Compilers and Users (2003 EDS Guide) updated by the 2013 EDS Guide.

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Update of the External Debt Guide on Issues Emerging from BPM6

中文 | Spanish
Paper discussed and approved at the March 2009 meeting of the Task Force on Finance Statistics (TFFS). It identifies main changes in BPM6 on which methodological advice and recording treatment will be provided in the Updated External Debt Statistics Guide (2013).

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International Transactions in Remittances: Guide for Compilers and Users

Released in 2009, provides practical guidance on the compilation of remittances based on the concepts set out in BPM6.

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2015 CDIS Guide New

This Guide clarifies and updates the 2010 CDIS Guide. It is fully consistent with the IMF BPM6 and OECD BD4.

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Real Sector Statistics

Quarterly National Accounts Manual—Concepts, Data Sources, and Compilation

Drafted to help countries establish or strengthen quarterly national accounts that meet users needs.

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Update of the Quarterly National Accounts Manual

The manua updates to the Quarterly National Accounts Manual: Concepts, Data Sources, and Compilation

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Export and Import Price Index (XMPI) Manual

The manual contains detailed, comprehensive information and explanations for compiling XMPIs.

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Consumer Price Index (CPI) Manual

The manual measures the rate at which the prices of consumer goods and services are changing over time. Also available in Arabic | Chinese | French | Spanish | Russian

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Producer Price Index (PPI) Manual

The manual measures the rate at which the prices of producer goods and services are changing overtime.

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Practical Guide to Producing Consumer Price Indices

The Guide is targeted at developing countries focusing on practical solutions to the problems facing compilers of the consumer price index (CPI) in the developing world. Also available in French | Spanish

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System of National Accounts 2008 (2008 SNA)

SNA is an updated version of the System of National Accounts, 1993 (1993 SNA). It is the fifth version of the SNA, the first of which was published over fifty years ago.

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Handbook on Residential Property Price Indices

The Residential Property Prices Indices (RPPIs) are index numbers measuring the rate at which the prices of residential properties are changing over time.
Also available in French | Spanish

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Government Finance

Government Finance Statistics (GFS)

List of manuals and guides on government finance statistics.

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Government Finance Statistics Manual 2014 New

The Government Finance Statistics Manual 2014 (GFSM 2014) describes the macroeconomic statistical framework (the GFS framework) designed to support fiscal analysis. The manual provides the economic and statistical reporting principles to be used in compiling the statistics and guidelines for the presentation of fiscal statistics within an analytic framework that includes appropriate balancing items.

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Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001

Covers concepts, definitions, classifications, and accounting rules, and provides a comprehensive analytic framework within which the statistics can be summarized and presented in a form appropriate for analysis, planning, and policy determination. English | Arabic | Chinese | French | Russian | Spanish

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Quarterly Government Finance Statistics – Guide for Compilers and Users

This Guide is a reference for compilers and users of Government Finance Statistics. We hope that it will contribute to more timely, accurate, and more internationally comparable data and an improved understanding of the complex issues involved.

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Public Sector Debt Statistics – Guide for Compilers and Users

The Public Sector Debt Statistics-Guide for Compilers and Users (PSDSG) provides comprehensive guidance for the measurement, compilation, analytical use, and presentation of public sector debt statistics. The PSDSG was produced by the IMF in conjunction with other members from the Task Force on Finance Statistics (TFFS).
Full text is available in: Arabic | Chinese | English | French | Russian | Spanish

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Government Finance Statistics: Compilation Guide for Developing Countries, September 2011

The GFS Compilation Guide provides detailed information on how to gradually introduce the guidelines of the Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001 and best practices into the compilation and dissemination of fiscal statistics. The key issues in the compilation of statistics for government institutions in developing countries are discussed, and illustrated with many examples, figures, and tables. Español | Français

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Manual on Fiscal Transparency

Guidance on the implementation of the Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency

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Monetary and Financial Stats

Monetary and Financial Statistics Manual (MFS)

Covers concepts, definitions, classifications of financial instruments and sectors, and accounting rules, and provides a comprehensive analytic framework for monetary and financial planning and policy determination.

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Monetary and Financial Statistics: Compilation Guide

Offers detailed guidelines for the compilation of monetary and financial statistics.

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Update of the Monetary and Financial Statistics Manual (MFSM) and the Monetary and Financial Statistics Compilation Guide (MFSCG)

The MFSM and MFSCG, published by the IMF in 2000 and 2008, respectively, are being updated to (i) align their contents with the 2008 System of National Accounts (SNA), the sixth edition of Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual (BPM6), and the Government Finance Statistics Manual (2014); and (ii) incorporate a number of methodological and operational enhancements. The IMF Statistics Department (STA) is leading this work with the view to complete the pre-publication draft by end-April 2015. As part of this process, the current MFSM and MFSCG will be merged in one single document, i.e., a joint manual and compilation guide. Central bank officials responsible for MFS have been invited to contribute to this effort, including by reviewing and providing comments throughout the envisaged process.

The draft of the new Monetary and Financial Statistics Manual and Compilation Guide (MFSMCG) has now been completed and posted below for public comment. The current version of the draft MFSMCG reflects (i) the conclusions of the MFS Experts Group (MFSEG) meeting at IMF Headquarters in February, 2012; and (ii) the comments of the MFSEG members on the earlier draft.

We welcome all interested parties to review and provide comments on the draft MFSMCG by September 12, 2014. Please send your comments via email in the format of your preference to STAFIAST@imf.org and mfsmcgrev@imf.org.

Please note that the MFSMCG is still a draft and is subject to further revisions. In particular, the standardized report forms (SRFs) for monetary data reporting to the IMF are preliminary and subject to revisions following the general public comment. Compilers are advised not to change their reporting systems based on these preliminary forms. The IMF Statistics Department will finalize and release the revised SRFs with the pre-publication draft of the MFSMCG by end-April 2015.
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Framework for Monetary and Financial Statistics
Chapter 3: Units and Sectors
Chapter 4: Classification of Financial Assets and Liabilities
Chapter 5: Stocks, Flows and Accounting Rules
Chapter 6: Money, Liquidity, Credit, and Debt
Chapter 7: Compilations, Source Data, and Dissemination of Monetary Statistics
Chapter 8: Financial Statistics
Appendix 1: Monetary and Financial Statistics and Other Macroeconomic Statistics
Appendix 2: Illustrative Sectoral Balance Sheets/Standardized Report Forms (SRFs)

Financial Soundness Indicators: Compilation Guide

Responds to the need for tools to assess the strengths and vulnerabilities of financial systems.

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Securities Statistics

Handbook on Securities Statistics New

The Handbook on Securities Statistics is the first publication of its kind to focus exclusively on securities statistics. It has been prepared jointly by the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), the European Central Bank (ECB), and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in response to a request from the Working Group on Securities Databases (WGSD) to develop methodological standards for securities statistics and to improve information on securities markets.

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Meetings and Related Statistical Materials

Statistics Department at a Glance (2014)

Strengthening Sectoral Position and Flow Data in the Macroeconomic Accounts

IMF and OECD held a Conference on Strengthening Sectoral Position and Flow Data in the Macroeconomic Accounts at IMF headquarters February 28-March 2, 2011. Users and compilers of official statistics from the G-20 and other advanced economies shared experiences, discussed information gaps in their sectoral accounts, and agreed on a template based on existing statistical frameworks that would help to set national priorities for the compilation and dissemination of an internationally comparable minimum set of sectoral balance sheet, accumulation, and flow of funds accounts.

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IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics

The IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics was established by the IMF’s Executive Board in 1992 to improve the availability, consistency, and reliability of balance of payments and international investment position statistics worldwide.
Annual Reports | Issues for discussion by the Committee

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Working Group on Securities Databases

In July 2007, the Working Group on Securities Databases (WGSD), originally established in 1999, was reconvened in response to various international initiatives and recommendations to improve information on securities markets. The members of the WGSD are the European Central Bank (ECB) (chair), the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), the IMF, and the World Bank. Selected experts from national central banks, who have participated actively in various international groups that have identified the need to improve data on securities markets, have also been invited to contribute to the deliberations of the WGSD.

The Handbook on Securities Statistics is the first publication of its kind to focus exclusively on securities statistics. Part 1 of the Handbook, which deals with debt securities issues, was published in May 2009. Part 2 of the Handbook, covering debt securities holdings, was published in September 2010. Part 3 of the Handbook focusing on equity securities, was released in November 2012.

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Task Force on Harmonization of Public Sector Accounting

Task Force on the Harmonization of the Public Sector Accounting (TFHPS).

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Statistical Capacity Building: Case Studies and Lessons Learned

The studies focus on countries that were in transition and postconflict situations in the 1990s and early 2000s.

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Task Force on Finance Statistics (TFFS)

The TFFS sets methodological standards for statistics on external debt and on public debt; promotes data availability on financial stocks, particularly external debt; encourages internationally accepted statistical practices to enhance data quality; and fosters inter-agency collaboration in statistical capacity building.

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Global Conferences on the G-20 Data Gaps Initiative (DGI)

The IMF and FSB has been hosting global conferences as part of the Data Gaps Initiative since 2009. The Conferences are part of the consultation process leading to the preparation of the following progress reports to be delivered to the G-20 Ministers of Finance and Central Bank Governors.
June 2014
June 2013
March 2011
April 2010
July 2009

The Financial Crisis & Information Gaps-Fifth Progress Report on the Implementation of the G-20 Data Gaps Initiative

Prepared by the Staff of the IMF and the FSB Secretariat; September 2014. Latest report

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Inventory of Statistics on Cross-Border Exposures of Financial and Nonfinancial Corporations

As part of the G-20 Data Gaps Initiative and responding to the needs for better understanding cross-border exposures of financial and nonfinancial corporations, a working group comprising the BIS, the ECB, the IMF, and the OECD have prepared an inventory of these statistics. The inventory identifies 29 databases that are maintained by the BIS, ECB, IMF, OECD, and the World Bank; and include information on various aspects of cross-border exposures of financial and nonfinancial corporations. The inventory can be accessed through the Principal Global Indicators (PGI) website of the Inter-Agency Group on Economic and Financial Statistics under the Additional Data Sources tab.

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Update on the Financial Soundness Indicators Reference Group (FSIRG) Meeting

The FSIRG met at IMF Headquarters in Washington, DC, during November 15-16, 2011, to review the current list of core (12) and encouraged (28) financial soundness indicators (FSIs) in the context of the G – 20 Data Gaps Initiative.

Representatives from 32 countries and 10 international organizations attended the meeting. The FSIRG's Summary of Key Points and Conclusions has been posted publicly. Based on this document, the IMF's Statistics Department (STA) has developed a work program on FSIs that will culminate with the production of a revised FSIs Compilation Guide (Guide) expected by the end of calendar year 2015. It is envisaged that the revised Guide will address methodological and data compilation issues for newly added FSIs and other modifications to the current list of FSIs, as reported to the IMF's Executive Board in November 2013 (see Board Paper Modifications to the Current List of Financial Soundness Indicators). The FSIRG and the broader community of national authorities of countries that are regular FSIs reporters to STA will remain closely engaged throughout this process.

Meeting of the IMF Government Finance Statistics Advisory Committee (GFSAC)

The newly established IMF Government Finance Statistics Advisory Committee (GFSAC) promotes the development of high quality government finance statistics (GFS) and related guidance and helps enhance the analytical usefulness of GFS data, including in IMF databases. The GFSAC serves as a forum to exchange experience with the implementation of the Government Finance Statistics Manual. The first GFSAC meeting was held in Washington, D.C. during March 9-10, 2015.

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