The Cross-Border Initiative in Eastern and Southern Africa

Table 6. CBI Countries: Summary of Tariff System in Place
Compared to Road Map Objectives
(As at end-December 1998)


Road Map Objective/
Country
Minimum/ Maximum Rate (to be between 20—25 percent) 1/ (Import tariff) Harmonize External Tariffs by Having Not More Than Three NonZero Rates 1/ Incorporate Other Duties and Charges into Tariff 1/ Eliminate Tariffs on Intra- CBI Trade 1/ (preference margin - percent) 10/

Lower Average of Tariff to no more than 15 percent 1/ 11/

Trade weight     Unweighted


1. Burundi

10/100

5

No

60

...

35

2. Comoros

0/40

3

No

70

...

30

3. Kenya

0/25

3

No

80

12.3 8/

18.4

4. Madagascar

10/30

3

No

80 2/

...

18 13/

5. Malawi 9/

10/30

4

Yes

70

...

15.8

6. Mauritius

0/80

8

No

70

n.a.

29.1

7. Namibia

0/75

multiple 14/

No

None

...

15.1

8. Rwanda

10/40

3

No

60

...

11.3

9. Seychelles

0/200 5/

9 5/

Yes

None 3/

n.a

28.0

10. Swaziland

0/75

multiple 14/

No

None

...

15.1

11. Tanzania

0/30

4

Yes

80 4/

...

21.8

12. Uganda

0/15

2

No

80 6/

10.7 8/

9.2

13. Zambia

0/25

3

Yes

60

11.4 8/

13.6

14. Zimbabwe

0/100

17 12/

No

80 7/

...

24.0


Source: Data prepared by the Co-sponsors.

* Shaded figures indicate objectives of Road Map have been met or exceeded.

1/ By October 1998.
2/ Decision made in principle, but not yet implemented (except imports from Mauritius).
3/ Other than a 5 percent preference from IOC member states.
4/ Implemented as of July 1998.
5/ In the form of trades tax. Tarriff bands were recently increased to more than nine.
6/ Uganda has had a 10 percent surcharge on selected imports.
7/ Except for a duty-free market access for trade between Mauritius and Zimbabwe.
8/ The trade-weighted average during 1997.
9/ Malawi has a surtax applied uniformly on both imports and domestic production. Manufacturers are entitled to a rebate on taxes paid on production inputs.
10/ The preference margin was to be at 90 percent by October 1997, and eliminated by October 1998.
11/ Excludes "other duties and charges." Data for the unweighted average is the most recent available.
12/ A 15 percent surcharge is applied to most imports.
13/ In 1997.
14/ Customs duties range from ad valorem (45 bands), specific, mixed to compound rates. The conversion of the non-ad valorem duties into ad valorem tariff rates would substantially increase the number of ad valorem bands.

Table 7. CBI Countries: Status of Tariff Exemptions
(As of end-December 1998)

  Category of Exemptions
Country Government Parastatals Investment Code or General Convention Recognized NGOs Goods for Foreign-Financed Projects Other 1/

Burundi

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Comoros

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Kenya

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Madagascar

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Malawi

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Mauritius

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Namibia

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Rwanda

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Seychelles

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Swaziland

No

No

No

Yes

No

No

Tanzania

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Uganda

No

No

No

No

No

No

Zambia

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Zimbabwe

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes


Source: World Bank/IMF Staff Reports; and data provided by the authorities.

1/ Includes discretionary exemptions and waivers granted.

Table 8. CBI Countries: Summary of Import Nontariff Barriers
(As of end-December 1998)

  Quantiative
Restrictions
   (Imports)   
Bans   Quotas
Restrictive Import
Licensing Requirements
For all       For some
products     products



State Trading Monopolies

Discriminatory Rates of Excise Duty/VAT (etc.) on Certain Imports

Restrictions by
Quality Standards

Restrictions for
Health, Security, and Environment, etc. 1/




Other 2/


Burundi

No

No

No

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Comoros

No

No

No

No

Yes

No

No

Yes

No

Kenya

No

No

No

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Madagascar

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

Yes

No

Malawi

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

Yes

No

Mauritius

No

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

Namibia

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

No

Yes

No

Rwanda

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

Yes

No

Seychelles

No

Yes

Yes

C

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

Swaziland

No

No

No

No

Yes

No

No

Yes

No

Tanzania

No

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

No

Uganda

Yes

No

No

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Zambia

No

No

No

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

No

Zimbabwe

No

No

No

Yes

No

No

No

Yes

No


Source: World Bank/IMF Staff Reports; and data provided by the authorities.

1/ Includes national heritage.
2/ Includes countervailing duties, dumping, etc.

Table 9. CBI Countries: Status of Export Trade Regimes
(As of end-December 1998)

Country Quantitative Restrictions
Bans                Quotas
Licensing 1/ Duties Marketing Monopolies

1. Burundi

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

2. Comoros

No

No

No

Yes

No

3. Kenya

No

No

Yes

No

No

4. Madagascar

No

No

No

No

No

5. Malawi

No

No

No

No

No

6. Mauritius

No

No

No

No

No

7. Namibia

No

No 2/

Yes 3/

No

Yes

8. Rwanda

No

No

No

Yes

No

9. Seychelles

No

No

No

No

Yes

10. Swaziland

No

No

No

Yes

Yes

11. Tanzania

No

No

No

Yes

No

12. Uganda

No

No

No

No

No

13. Zambia

Yes

No

No

No

No

14. Zimbabwe

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes


Sources: World Bank/IMF Staff Reports and data provided by the authorities.

1/ Only for restrictive (and not for statistical) purposes.
2/ Excludes export quotas on diamonds.
3/ All exports, except to SACU member countries, require a licence. Within SACU textiles and meat and meat products require a licence.

Table 10. CBI Countries: Status of Trade Facilitation Measures
(As of end-December 1998)

Country Implement PTA harmonized transit charges Introduce RCTD 1/ Introduce single goods declaration document Introduce bond guarantee scheme

Burundi

Done

Done

...

...

Comoros

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

Kenya

Done

Done

Done

Under consideration

Madagascar

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

Malawi

Done

Done

...

...

Mauritius

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

Namibia

Not Done

Not Done

Done

Not Done

Rwanda

Done

Done

...

...

Seychelles

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

Swaziland

Not Done

Not Done

Not Done

Under consideration

Tanzania

Done

Done

Done

Not Done

Uganda

Done

Done

Done

Not Done

Zambia

Done

Done

Done

...

Zimbabwe

Done

Done

Done

Not Done


Source: Data provided by the authorities.

1/ Road Customs Transit Document.

Table 11. CBI Countries: Aggregate Trade Restrictiveness Ratings, 1993—98

Country 1993/95 1998 Movement

Burundi

8

8

0

Comoros

8

8

0

Kenya

10

6

-4

Madagascar

8

3

-5

Malawi

8

3

-5

Mauritius

10

8

-2

Namibia

7

6

-1

Rwanda

8

4

-4

Seychelles

10

10

0

Swaziland

7

6

-1

Tanzania

9

7

-2

Uganda

6

2

-4

Zambia

7

2

-5

Zimbabwe

10

10

0

  Average (CBI)

8.3

5.9

-2.4

  Memorandum Items:

  Non CBI Africa

...

5.1

...

  Non CBI Africa, Program 1/

7.9

6.2

-1.7

  Africa

...

5.4

...

  Rest of World

...

4.4

...

    Developing Countries
    (excluding Africa)

...

4.5

...

    Industrial Countries

...

4.0

...

    Western Hemisphere

...

4.5

...

    Middle East

...

5.5

...

    Good Practice Countries 2/

7.8

1.5

-6.3


Source: IMF staff estimates.

1/ Non-CBI African countries with programs during the period 1990-95.
2/ Chile, Colombia, New Zealand and Singapore, over the period 1984-98.

Table 12. Summary of Regional Groupings in Eastern and Southern Africa
(As of end-December 1998)

SADC (14)

IOC (4)

COMESA (21)

SACU (5)

CBI (14)

EAC (3)


Angola

 

Angola

 

 

 

Botswana

 

--

Botswana

 

 

Congo, Dem.Rep.of

 

Congo, Dem.Rep.of

 

 

 

Lesotho

 

 

Lesotho

 

 

Malawi

 

Malawi

 

Malawi

 

Mauritius

Mauritius

Mauritius

 

Mauritius

 

Mozambique

 

 

 

 

 

Namibia

 

Namibia

Namibia

Namibia

 

Seychelles

Seychelles

Seychelles

 

Seychelles

 

South Africa

 

 

South Africa

 

 

Swaziland

 

Swaziland

Swaziland

Swaziland

 

Tanzania

 

Tanzania

 

Tanzania

Tanzania

Zambia

 

Zambia

 

Zambia

 

Zimbabwe

 

Zimbabwe

 

Zimbabwe

 

 

 

Burundi

 

Burundi

 

 

Comoros

Comoros

 

Comoros

 

 

 

Djibouti

 

 

 

 

 

Egypt

 

 

 

 

 

Ethiopia

 

 

 

 

 

Eritrea

 

 

 

 

 

Kenya

 

Kenya

Kenya

 

Madagascar

Madagascar

 

Madagascar

 

 

 

Rwanda

 

Rwanda

 

 

 

Sudan

 

 

 

 

 

Uganda

 

Uganda

Uganda


Source: Data provided by the co-sponsors.

The Cross-Border Initiative in Eastern and Southern Africa
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