For more information, see Central African Republic and the IMF

Central African Republic—Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility Policy Framework Paper, 1998–2000

Tables

Table 1. Central African Republic: Selected Economic Indicators, 1992–2000


 
   1992    1993    1994    1995    1996    1997    1998    1999 2000






     Prel.







Program

(Annual percentage change, unless otherwise indicated)
National income and prices








   GDP at constant prices –6.4 0.3 4.9 6.0 –1.5 5.1 5.5 5.0 5.2
   GDP at current prices –4.2 –3.1 28.8 20.2 –2.2 6.8 7.9 7.7 8.0
   GDP deflator 2.4 –3.4 22.8 13.4 –0.8 1.6 2.2 2.5 2.6
   Consumer prices








      Yearly average –0.8 –2.9 24.5 19.2 4.4 0.6 2.6 2.6 2.6
      End of period 0.0 –4.8 44.7 5.0 7.1 0.0 2.6 2.6 2.6










Central government finance








   Total revenue –7.0 –15.9 24.7 45.6 –35.5 35.6 38.5 8.9 18.2
   Total expenditure –1.7 –12.9 35.9 8.7 –47.4 37.8 22.0 6.4 5.8










Money and credit








   Net domestic assets 1 –3.2 –0.6 10.5 –1.5 –1.3 –0.3 13.3 7.5 9.1
      Domestic credit 1 –5.6 1.7 12.4 –1.0 –4.9 –2.2 11.8 8.9 9.9
         Central government 1 1.0 2.6 6.2 –5.0 –3.3 –1.8 5.2 6.2 7.7
         Credit to the economy 1 –7.5 –1.1 6.3 5.4 –0.4 0.1 3.2 2.9 2.1
         Credit to the economy
         (annual percentage change)
–16.1 –3.0 19.9 25.5 –1.4 0.5 12.1 10.6 8.0
   Broad money –2.2 12.9 78.5 4.3 4.9 –7.7 7.9 13.2 10.8
Velocity of broad money
(GDP/ average broad money)
6.6 6.0 5.2 4.6 4.6 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8










External sector








   Exports, f.o.b. (CFA franc basis) –13.4 22.2 139.9 –0.7 –16.5 38.9 6.8 14.2 11.6
   Export volume –12.6 19.1 15.8 –2.1 –5.0 24.4 7.5 11.1 8.4
   Imports, f.o.b. (CFA franc basis) –0.6 –10.6 87.0 6.4 –28.0 18.3 21.0 10.6 9.7
   Import volume 3.6 –13.4 –3.0 10.4 –28.2 9.6 21.9 8.2 8.3
   Terms of trade 3.3 –0.6 7.5 5.2 –10.6 0.2 0.4 0.6 1.6
Nominal effective exchange rate 15.4 10.5 –37.3 8.3 4.9 –0.5 ... ... ...
Real effective exchange rate 0.0 –5.0 –36.9 11.4 2.3 1.2 ... ... ...











(In percent of GDP, unless otherwise indicated)










Gross national savings 2 0.1 1.8 6.1 7.6 –2.3 4.8 5.9 7.4 8.1
   Of which








      Current official transfers 2 3.5 3.8 3.7 2.9 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Gross domestic savings –0.4 1.8 6.0 7.5 –0.2 6.7 7.8 9.0 9.9
   Government –4.1 –3.5 –5.3 0.3 –1.0 –0.3 2.9 3.5 4.9
   Private sector 3.7 5.4 11.3 7.2 0.8 7.0 4.9 5.5 5.0
Consumption 95.6 93.5 94.0 92.5 100.2 92.9 92.2 90.9 90.1
   Government 16.9 15.0 17.5 12.9 7.5 9.4 9.1 8.8 8.4
   Private sector 78.7 78.5 76.5 79.6 92.7 83.5 83.1 82.1 81.7
Gross investment 12.2 10.2 11.7 14.7 3.4 9.0 12.0 12.8 13.2
   Government 7.5 6.2 7.2 10.2 2.4 5.2 8.0 8.5 8.7
   Private sector 4.7 4.0 4.5 4.5 1.1 3.8 4.1 4.3 4.5










Resource gap –12.6 –8.3 –5.7 –7.2 –3.6 –2.2 –4.3 –3.8 –3.3
Current transfers and factor income (net) 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.1 –2.1 –2.0 –1.9 –1.6 –1.8
External current account balance 2 –12.1 –8.3 –5.6 –7.1 –5.8 –4.2 –6.1 –5.4 –5.1
Overall balance of payments 2 –2.6 –0.6 7.2 –1.1 –1.8 –4.6 –1.9 –1.1 –1.5










Central government finance








   Total revenue 8.9 7.7 7.5 9.0 6.0 7.6 9.7 9.8 10.8
   Total expenditure –23.6 –21.2 –22.4 –20.2 –10.9 –14.1 –15.9 –15.7 –15.4
   Overall balance (deficit–) 3 –14.7 –13.5 –14.9 –11.2 –4.9 –6.5 –6.2 –5.9 –4.6
   Primary balance (deficit–) 4 –4.4 –4.0 –3.5 0.0 –1.0 –0.7 1.4 1.1 1.3










External public debt 63.1 75.4 110.8 91.2 95.4 98.4 71.7 68.1 64.4
Net present value of total debt 5 ... ... ... 230.2 286.8 183.4 160.5 149.0 140.4
Scheduled debt-service ratio 5 23.7 22.5 18.4 17.9 21.6 18.4 18.7 12.7 12.7
Scheduled debt-service ratio excluding the Fund 6 21.5 19.8 15.8 17.1 20.9 12.8 12.7 11.3 12.1
Actual debt-service ratio 5 –1.5 3.5 10.5 6.0 3.5 5.3 ... ... ...
Scheduled debt-service ratio (before debt relief) 6 33.4 41.8 58.5 41.2 63.5 68.3 54.8 36.7 27.3










GDP in nominal terms (in billions of CFA francs) 379.6 367.8 473.6 569.4 556.6 594.6 641.6 690.7 745.8
Exchange rate, CFA francs per U.S. dollar 264.7 283.2 555.2 499.1 511.6 582.4 594.5 591.6 588.3










Sources: C.A.R. authorities; and staff estimates and projections.
1In percent of broad money at beginning of the period; 1994 data are adjusted for valuation change.
2In accordance with the System of National Accounts of 1993 and the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (5th ed.).
3On a commitment basis.
4Excludes interest payments and investment expenditure financed from abroad.
5In percent of exports of goods and services.
6In percent of government revenue.

 

Table 2. Central African Republic: External Financing Requirements, 1998–2000

 
1998 1999 2000


Cumulative


Program
total

(In billions of CFA francs)





Current account balance –39.4 –37.1 –38.3 –114.8
Amortization –19.4 –12.3 –12.5 –44.2
      Of which: IMF –9.3 –1.6 –0.5 –11.4
Private capital (net) –2.1 –0.2 2.7 0.4
Change in reserves (increase = –) 12.5 –13.4 –11.6 –12.5
Change in arrears (reduction = –) –84.5 0.0 0.0 –84.5





Gross external financing needs –132.9 –63.0 –59.7 –255.6





Available financing (project) 39.6 40.4 36.7 116.7
Residual financing needs 93.3 22.6 23.0 138.9
   Program support 12.4 6.6 6.6 25.6
      Grants 4.0 5.0 5.0 14.0
      Concessional loans 8.4 1.6 1.6 11.6
   Debt relief 1 67.6 2.7 3.1 73.4
   IMF disbursements 13.3 13.3 13.3 39.9






(In millions of U.S. dollars)





Current account balance –66.3 –62.7 –65.1 –194.1
Amortization –32.6 –20.8 –21.2 –74.7
      Of which: IMF –15.6 –2.7 –0.8 –19.2
Private capital (net) –3.5 –0.3 4.6 0.7
Change in reserves (increase = –) 21.0 –22.7 –19.7 –21.3
Change in arrears (reduction = –) –142.1 0.0 0.0 –142.1





Gross external financing needs –223.5 –106.5 –101.5 –431.5





Available financing (project) 66.6 68.3 62.4 197.3
Residual financing needs 156.9 38.2 39.1 234.2
   Program support 20.9 11.2 11.2 43.2
      Grants 6.7 8.5 8.5 23.7
      Concessional loans 14.1 2.7 2.7 19.6
   Debt relief 1 113.7 4.6 5.3 123.5
   IMF disbursements 22.4 22.5 22.6 67.5





Memorandum item:



   CFA francs per U.S. dollar (period average) 594.5 591.6 588.3





Sources: Central African Republic authorities; and Fund staff estimates and projections.
1Possible debt relief from Paris Club creditors and other bilateral creditors.
 

Table 3. Central African Republic: Income and Social Indicators 1


1970–75 1980–85
1990–95
   1997    1998    1999    2000












Est.       Projections










Total population (millions) 2.0 2.6
3.4
3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9
Population growth rate (percent) 2.0 2.6
2.5
2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5
Overall fertility rate (percent)
5.7
5.1
5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7
Population density (per sq. km.)2 3.3 4.2
5.5
6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3
Per capita GNP (U.S. dollars)2 180.0 270.0
350.0
310.0


Consumer price index (index, 1987=100)
105.2
134.1
151.0 160.0 164.0 168.0











(In percent, unless otherwise indicated)










Public spending on health/GDP


1.7




Public spending on education/GDP


3.5




Public spending on social security/GDP


















Gross rate of primary school attendance 73.0 74.0
74.0




   Males
92.0 3 88.0 4



   Females
51.0 3 55.0 4



Net rate of primary school attendance
47.0
43.0




   Males
54.0
49.0




   Females
41.0
37.0




Adult literacy rate 65.0 69.0
64.0




Literacy rate of population 15 years
   of age or older

34.0
32.0














Distribution of households by main
   energy source for lighting









   Electricity
2.0 5 3.0 6



   Kerosene
81.0 5 84.0 6



   Others
17.0 5 13.0 6



Access to drinking water (percent of population)






   Total


27.6




      Urban
13.0 7 44.0




      Rural
11.0 7 19.7














Immunity rate
   (percent children under 12 months)








   Measles
24.0
70.0




   DPT
19.0
40.0




Infant malnutrition rate
   (percent children under 5 years)


30.0














Life expectancy at birth (years) 47.0
48.0














Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 births)
114.0
98.0




Mortality rate, children under 5 years (per 1,000 births)


160.0


Maternal mortality rate (per 100,000 births)


649.0












1 Data availability in these sectors is extremely limited .
2 Method used in World Bank's World Bank Atlas.
3 1980.
4 1989.
5 1988 (for all categories).
6 1992 (for all categories).
7 1988.
 

Table 4. Central African Republic: Summary and Implementation Timetable for Macroeconomic and Structural Adjustment Policies, 1998–2000

Policy Areas Objectives Strategies/Measures Timetable Technical
Assistance
Needs
Economic and financial management Strengthen economic management Strengthen the authority of the Interministerial Committee on Economic Adjustment and Structural Reform From Jan. 1998  
Start up the auditor's office based on a priority work program Sep. 1998 Bilateral, multilateral
    Strengthen the technical assistance provided to the Ministry of Finance 1998–2000 IMF, bilateral
    Transmission by the Technical Committee of monthly reports and statistics on the implementation of the structural adjustment program to the IMF, World Bank, and active members of the donor community From Jan. 1998  
  Improve information and data made available to the public Prepare a program to improve the macroeconomic and financial database and
implement the program
June 1998 IMF, World Bank, bilateral
  Publish on an annual basis government finance, national accounts, and balance of payments statistics, as well as social and poverty indicators From 1999  
    Prepare a financial and economic information program and establish a working group responsible for disseminating such information Jan. 1999  
Public finance      
   Public resource
   management
Strengthen staff skills and efficiency Adopt a staffing plan for supervisory positions based on the new organization chart (introduced in 1997) Sep. 1998 Needed
    Establish a staff training program June 1998  
    Introduce an annual performance appraisal system Sep. 1998  
  Strengthen tax administration Establish quarterly targets for tax collection and monitor performance From 1998  
  Implement the database project covering all taxpayers subject to accounts-based taxation (régime réel), including those taxed on the basis of actual income/profits; review the tax bases, assessment procedures, and liquidation procedures June 1998 Bilateral
  Improve functioning of Directorate of Direct and Indirect Taxes Revise the tax return forms to reflect the latest changes in the annual finance laws and supplementary budgets 1998–2000  
  Prepare a manual of procedures for the directorate Sep. 1998  
  Improve functioning of Customs Directorate Suspend customs duty exemptions, with the exception of those granted under the Vienna Convention and UDEAC Act 2/92 of June 1992 (Code C120) 1998 IMF
  Assess the efficiency of the import inspection company Dec. 1998  
    Strengthen procedures for monitoring exports of wood products at the Ministry of Water, Forests, Hunting, and Fishing From March 1998  
    Collect petroleum duties and taxes at the border From Jan. 1998  
  Improve functioning of Treasury Directorate Implement the recommendations of the audit:    
 
  • Close unlawful ministerial bank accounts
June 1998 Bilateral
   
  • Present monthly Treasury accounting statements (including and excluding annexed budgets), within seven days after the end of the month
From Jan. 1998  
    Prepare a monthly cash budget at the beginning of each year From 1998 IMF
    Prepare a procedures handbook June 1998 IMF
    Collect tax arrears systematically 1998–2000  
  Improve functioning of Payroll Directorate Establish a unified roster and reconcile Ministry of the Civil Service and Ministry of Finance data on civil service jobs on a monthly basis From March 1998  
  Improve functioning of Budget Directorate Prepare the budget in line with Finance Law regulations, and present the annual budget for the coming year to the legislature by December of the closing year at the latest From 1998 Bilateral
    Eliminate all extrabudgetary operations From March 1998  
    Prepare a monthly report on budget execution (including annexed budgets) by ministry and principal economic categories (wage bill, goods and services, transfers, etc.) on a commitment basis and on a cash basis From March 1998  
    Prepare a quarterly report on financial and physical execution of the public investment program (PIP), one month after each quarter From 1998  
    Prepare a quarterly report on the execution of the Road Fund budget, one month after each quarter From March 1998  
    Adopt clear guidelines on the use of transfers and data reporting by municipalities Sep. 1998  
    Prepare a study on the administrative and financial management of municipalities 1999 Bilateral
  Computerize operations Establish computer links between all tax revenue departments and with the imports inspection company Sep. 1998 Bilateral
    Strengthen accounting procedures at the Directorate of Direct and Indirect Taxes for monitoring delinquent taxpayers 1998 Bilateral
    Update the SYDONIA system at the Customs Directorate, with a view to ensuring its security and incorporating all customs clearance procedures 1998 Bilateral, multilateral
    Streamline and computerize the processing of cash and the accounting operations at the Treasury Directorate June 1998 Bilateral
    Introduce a new public debt management system June 1998  
    Strengthen expenditure procedures and prepare a procedures handbook at the Budget Directorate Sep. 1998 Bilateral
    Establish and manage the unified roster at the Payroll Directorate; restructure ONI and place it under the authority of the Ministry of Finance Sep. 1998 Bilateral
   Fiscal policy Increase the primary surplus to 1.3  percent of GDP by 2000 Conduct a fiscal policy that is compatible with the achievement of medium-term viability 1998–2000  
  Increase total revenue from 7.6  percent of GDP in 1997 to 10.8 percent in 2000 by broadening the tax base and simplifying the tax system Implement the CEMAC tax and customs reform:
   
   
  • Introduce a government contracting procedure on a tax-inclusive basis
Sep. 1998  
   
  • Suspend tax and customs exemptions included in the Investment and the Mining Codes
May 1998
 
   
  • Renegotiate all special tax and customs agreements (conventions d'établissement)
June 1998 Bilateral
    Conduct a study regarding the replacement of the turnover tax by a value-added tax (VAT) 1998–99 IMF
    Introduce a full-fledged VAT with a single rate and threshold Jan. 2000  
    Complete research regarding the introduction of a simplified tax system for small and medium-sized businesses (impôt synthétique) Sep. 1998  
    Implement the above tax system Jan. 1999  
    Implement the recommendations of the technical assistance mission of the IMF's Fiscal Affairs Department of March 1998 1998–1999 IMF
    Complete the study on the taxation of the coffee sector March 1998 European Union (EU)
    Implement the study's recommendations May 1998  
    Complete the study on the taxation of the cotton sector April 1998 EU, bilateral
    Implement the study's recommendations Jan. 1999  
    Complete the study on the taxation of the diamond sector, including the use of annual auctions of licenses, introduction of a system of quarterly advance payments against all tax obligations based on production targets or economic programs, and the replacement of posted values by international reference prices March 1999 Bilateral, IMF
    Implement the study's recommendations May 1999  
    Introduce quarterly advance payments against all tax obligations from forestry companies, based on production plans Jan. 1999  
    Complete the study on the simplification of the income tax system Sep. 1998 IMF
    Implement the study's recommendations Jan. 1999  
  Limit the growth of government expenditure; redirect it toward the priority sectors of health and education and maintenance of infrastructure in the context of the three-year rolling public investment program (PIP) Implement the project evaluation procedures recommended by the World Bank in 1995 From 1998 World Bank
  Prepare a training program to improve project analysis and monitoring March 1999 World Bank
  Conduct an annual review of public expenditure, including the PIP From 1999 Bilateral/World Bank
  Improve procedures for monitoring implementation of the PIP, based on the public expenditure review From 1999  
  Reform the civil service:
   
   
  • Set an annual ceiling on the total number of civil servants (including contractual and temporary staff)
From 1998  
   
  • Audit civil service staffing levels
June 1998  
   
  • Based on this audit, redeploy staff according to sectoral priorities and personnel needs within the established ceiling
June 1998  
    Implement the training program April 1999  
    Improve government contracting procedures by placing the National Contracts Committee (CNM) under the Ministry of Finance, and make procurement decisions based on data provided by the government contracts unit, including the reorganized CNM and sworn agents April 1998 Bilateral
    Reorganize the armed forces and security personnel 1998–1999  
    Formulate and implement an 18-month demobilization and reinsertion program 1998–2000 UNDP
   Public debt
   management
Eliminate all domestic and external payments arrears Do not accumulate new domestic arrears From March 1998  
Inventory and validate domestic arrears at end-December 1997 May 1998  
Establish a payments schedule on the basis of set priorities June 1998  
Clear external arrears Dec. 1998  
Improve external debt management system 1999 Needed
Monetary and credit policy Control inflation and support the parity of the CFA franc through appropriate control of money and credit expansion Increase reliance on indirect monetary policy instruments 1998–2000  
Eliminate maximum lending rates and minimum deposit rates In line with BEAC timetable  
Eliminate the refinancing mechanism for medium-term credit (guichet B) In line with BEAC timetable  
  Privatize and strengthen the financial sector Liquidate BNCD, BCI, BCAD, and BND Sep. 1998  
  Complete the financial restructuring and privatization (split-liquidation) of BICA:    
 
  • Audit of the BICA portfolio by COBAC
May-June 1998  
   
  • Issuance of tenders for privatization of BICA
Sep. 1998  
    Audit of UBAC portfolio by COBAC May-June 1998  
    Decide on the modalities for privatizing UBAC Sep. 1998  
    Pay up government share in the capital of BPMC Dec. 1998  
    Ensure that the government does not participate in the capital of new financial institutions From Jan. 1998  
External sector policies Reduce the level of protection Eliminate gradually the temporary surtax on imports of goods that were previously subject to quantitative restrictions Per CEMAC timetable  
    Streamline and harmonize exchange regulations with other CEMAC member countries Per CEMAC timetable  
    Study the economic impact of taxes on foreign trade in order to maintain the competitiveness of exports Sep. 1998  
    Implement any recommendations made 1999–2000  
Price policy Strengthen market mechanisms Remove existing controls on prices or markups, including those on petroleum, electricity, transportation, water and telecommunications, in line with the program for privatizing the relevant enterprises 1998–1999  
Structural reforms      
   Civil service
   reform
  Submit for parliamentary approval amendments to the law on the civil service Sep. 1998  
  Implement corresponding measures, including the establishment of new promotion rules (replacement of system of automatic individual pay increases by a selective, merit-based system) and new career streams Jan. 1999  
   Labor Code Enhance labor market flexibility Simplify the Labor Code and adapt the new code to the needs of a market economy:    
 
  • Prepare draft of new Labor Code
Sep. 1998
   
  • Consult with trade unions, employers' associations, and the International Labor Office (ILO)
From Oct. 1998 ILO
   
  • Implement the new code
June 1999  
   Privatization
   and reform of
   nonfinancial
   public
   enterprises
Reduce the role of government in commercial and industrial activities Replace the multiple existing agencies responsible for the management and privatization of public enterprises by a single structure under the authority of the government April 1998  
Ensure that the Directorate for Public Enterprises prepares comprehensive annual accounts for 1997 and business projections for all public enterprises End-1998  
    Allow no further creation of public enterprises and establishments nor any new investment by the government in semipublic companies From Jan. 1998  
    Privatize PETROCA:    
 
  • Distribution of petroleum products
May 1998  
   
  • Storage of petroleum products (partial)
May 1998  
   
  • Sale of all government's shares in the assets-management company resulting from the privatization of PETROCA
1998-2000  
    Offer for sale part of the government's shares in SOCATEL May 1998  
    Complete the administrative liquidation of all nonfinancial enterprises that have ceased operations (Caistab, Centra-Hydro, InterRCA, LCA, Lonaca, Lorombois, Socalamines, Socefil, and Conseil Centrafricain des Chargeurs) June 1998  
    Privatize the management of ENERCA:    
 
  • Launching of tenders
May 1998  
   
  • Selection of successful bidder
June 1998  
   
  • Submission of audit report
Aug. 1998  
   
  • Launching of tenders for full farming out
Sep. 1998  
   
  • Selection of new operator
March 1999  
   
  • Finalization of negotiations
May 1999  
    Complete the court-ordered liquidation of MANOVO Aug. 1998  
    Complete the merger of ONMO and ONIFOP June 1998  
    Complete the audits/assessments and privatization plans for ICA, SCET-Sofitel, SHDC-HC, BARC, SEGA Sep. 1998  
    Launch tenders processes for above-mentioned companies Oct. 1998  
    Open and evaluate bids Dec. 1998  
    Evaluate the audits of SOCATRAF and ACCF June 1998  
    Complete the merger of SOCATRAF and ACCF, and reduce the government's holdings from 51 percent to 49 percent Sep. 1998  
    Reorganize SODECA and SNE based on the CFD study Sep. 1998  
    Initiate study on the privatization of Centrapalm July 1998  
    Review the legislative and regulatory framework of the petroleum, telecommunications, energy, and water sectors to open them up to competition 1998–1999  
   Judicial system Improve the functioning and reliability of the judicial system Study the operations and future needs of the judicial system 1998  
Strengthen property rights, including the rights of women 1998–1999  
    Adapt and strengthen business legislation and regulations in line with regional initiatives such as OHADA From 1998  
Social policy
Reduce poverty and meet basic needs Prioritize public spending and strengthen cooperation with private groups and organizations, including NGOs, in the provision of social and commercial services 1998–2000  
   Social security Strengthen the finances of the social security office (OCSS) Complete a detailed study of the financial and actuarial position of the OCSS (further to the strategic audit by the ILO in 1995) June 1998 ILO
  Revise the legislation on the social security system 1999–2000  
    Pay contributions of government employees on a regular basis Jan. 1998  
    Reform OCSS management Starting end-1999  
   Health Increase access to drinking water Prepare a general national policy statement on water Sep. 1998  
  Increase the availability, accessibility, and use of primary health services and essential generic drugs Organize an external evaluation of the 1994–98 PNDS and formulate a new plan based on priorities and available resources Dec. 1998 WHO, UNDP
  Implement the plan 1999–2000 World Bank, WHO
    Develop a health charter (requiring indices, revision of standards, current inventory, and implementation of charter) Dec. 1999 WHO, EU, German and French coop.
    Gradually introduce a system to collect data on cost recovery July 1998  
  Strengthen legal and regulatory framework Ensure the adoption of legislation and regulations on the creation of the National Pharmaceuticals Fund and its supervisory agencies and on the organization of the medication-dispensing unit April 1998  
    Revise the laws on the access of NGOs, communities, nonprofit and private enterprises to the provision of health care and distribution of drugs 1998–99  
    Implement the new regulatory framework 1999–2000  
   Education Improve access to schools, and increase the literacy rate and the rate of successful completion of primary school Prepare National Education Development Plan together with partners Dec. 1998 World Bank, UNDP, UNESCO
  Prepare a staffing plan for each school district July 1998
  Implement the plan Aug. 1998
    Reassign teachers to schools based on staffing plans Sep. 1998  
    Prepare a training plan for school managers Dec. 1998  
    Implement the plan 1999  
    Inventory school infrastructure of each school district Dec. 1998  
    Establish a Directorate General of Private Education and Promotion of Educational Partnerships June 1998  
    Finalize the proposal for community participation in the financing and management of primary and secondary school personnel and infrastructure July 1998  
  Strengthen legal and regulatory framework Implement the Orientation Law, in particular to encourage the participation of NGOs, nonprofits, communities, and the private sector in educational services 1998–99  
    Implement the new regulatory framework 1999–2000  
   Urbanization Promote regional development around major centers of economic activity Review and reinforce the operations of the Urban Development and Equipment Fund (site development) June 1998  
  Strengthen municipal institutions through the mobilization of own resources to finance infrastructure maintenance (refuse collection, drainage system, and neighborhood improvement) Sep. 1999 World Bank
Sectoral policies      
   Agriculture Promote efficiency and diversification in the production and export of agricultural products Expand the operations of extension and development services, and improve supply of seeds and agricultural inputs From 1998  
    Strengthen farming and cattle-raising associations, groups, and federations and the mutual credit system, and create agricultural zones From 1998  
    Strengthen the system of farming, hunting, and pasture rights 1999–2000 AfDB
   Forestry Encourage the private sector to apply concession management methods that allow for reforestation Implement the recommendations of the 1997 audit of the forestry sector:    
 
  • Introduce fixed rents
Jan. 1998  
   
  • Inventory species by concession
Dec. 1999  
   
  • Apply variable rental taxes
Jan. 2000  
   
  • Prepare development and operational plans (PAEs) based on the recommendations from the taxation and forestry audits
1998–2000  
   Mining Prepare a medium-term strategy for mineral resource development by the private sector Submit new Mining Code for parliamentary approval Dec. 1998  
  Issue mining policy statement Dec. 1998  
  Strengthen monitoring of diamond production From 1998  
    Undertake a study of the medium- and long-term global strategy on industrial production in the diamond sector 1999–2000 World Bank
   Transportation Reduce transportation costs by improving the road network, increasing competition in the sector, and simplifying regulations Restructure the Road Fund and improve its operation Dec. 1998 EU
  Prepare an adequate methodology for planning the road network 1998–99 EU
  Develop a transportation sector strategy Oct. 1998  
  Apply the strategy Dec. 1998  
   Environment Improve the management of natural resources
Finalize the National Environmental Action Plan (PNAE) June 1999  

 

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