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Multimod Bibliography

This index lists articles that either explain Multimod, apply it, or are part of its technical implementation.

 Index by First Letter in the first Author's Name

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z


Armstrong, John, Richard Black, Douglas Laxton, and David Rose, 1998, "A Robust Method for Simulating Forward-Looking Models," forthcoming in the Journal of Economical Dynamics and Control.


Bartolini, Leonardo, Assaf Razin, and Steven Symansky, 1995, "G-7 fiscal restructuring in the 1990s: Macroeconomic Effects," in Economic Policy, Vol. 20, pp. 111–46.

Bayoumi, Tamim, David T. Coe, and Elhanan Helpman, 1996, "R&D Spillovers and Global Growth," IMF Working Paper 96/47 (Washington: International Monetary Fund), and NBER Working Paper Series, No. 5628 (June).

Bayoumi, Tamim, David Coe, and Douglas Laxton, 1998, "Liberating Supply: Technological Innovation in a Multicountry Econometric Model" unpublished manuscript.

Bayoumi, Tamin, Daniel Hewitt, and Jerald Schiff, 1993, "Economic Consequences of Lower Military Spending: Some Simulation Results," IMF Working Paper, 93/17 (Washington: International Monetary Fund, March).

Bayoumi, Tamin, Daniel Hewitt, and Steven Symansky, 1995, "Multimod Simulations of the Effects on Developing Countries of Decreasing Military Spending," in North-South Linkages and International Macroeconomic Policy, ed. by David Vines and David Currie, Centre for Economic Research.

Bayoumi, Tamin, and Douglas Laxton, 1994, "Government Deficits, Debt, and the Business Cycle," in Deficit Reduction - What Pain, What Gain? ed. by William B.P. Robson and William M. Scarth, pp. 163–91.

Black, Richard, and others, 1997, "The Forecasting and Policy System: the core model," Reserve Bank of New Zealand, Research Paper No. 43.

Black, Richard, Douglas Laxton, David Rose and Robert Tetlow, 1994, "The Steady-State Model: SSQPM - The Bank of  Canada's New Quarterly Projection Model, Part 1,"  Bank of Canada Technical Report No.  72.

Boucekkine, R., 1995, "An Alternative Methodology for Solving Nonlinear Forward- Looking Models," in Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Vol. 19, No. 4,  pp. 711-34.


Clark, Peter B., and Douglas Laxton, 1997, "Phillips Curves, Phillips Lines and the   Unemployment Costs of Overheating," IMF Working Paper 97/17 (Washington:   International Monetary Fund, February).

Clark, Peter B., Douglas Laxton, and David Rose, 1996, "Asymmetry in the U.S. Output-Inflation Nexus: Issues and Evidence," IMF  Staff Papers, Vol. 43 (March), pp. 216-50.

Clark, Peter B., Douglas Laxton, and David Rose, 1997, "Capacity Constraints, Inflation, and the Transmission Mechanism: Forward-Looking Versus Myopic Policy Rules," IMF Working Paper 95/75, revised 1997 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).


Debelle, Guy, and Douglas Laxton, 1997, "Is the Phillips Curve Really a Curve? Some  Evidence for Canada, the United Kingdom, and the United States," IMF Working Paper 96/111 and IMF Staff Papers, Vol. 44, No. 2 (June 1997) (Washington:   International Monetary Fund).



Faruqee, Hamid, Douglas Laxton, and David Rose, 1997, "Inflation and Unemployment in Europe and North America: Asymmetry versus Hysteresis" (unpublished paper; Washington: International Monetary Fund).

 Faruqee, Hamid, Douglas Laxton, and Steve Symansky, 1996, "Government Debt, Life- Cycle Income and Liquidity Constraints: Beyond Approximate Ricardian Equivalence," IMF Working Paper 96/140 and IMF Staff Papers, Vol. 44 (September, 1997), pp. 374-82 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

Ford, Robert, and Douglas Laxton, 1995, "World Public Debt and Real Interest Rates," IMF Working Paper 95/30 (Washington: Interntional Monetary Fund).



Haas, Richard, and Paul Masson, 1986, "MINIMOD: Specification and Simulation Results," IMF Staff Papers, Vol. 33 (December), pp. 722–67.

Helliwell, John F., Guy Meredith, P. Bagnoli, and Y. Durand, 1990, "INTERMOD 1.1: A G-7 Version of the IMF's Multimod," Economic Modelling, Vol. 7, pp. 3-62.

Hollinger, P., 1996, "The Stacked-Time Simulator in TROLL: A Robust Algorithm for Solving Forward-Looking Models," paper presented at the Second International Conference on Computing in Economics and Finance (Geneva, Switzerland).


Isard, Peter, and Douglas Laxton, 1996, "Strategic Choice in Phillips Curve Specification: What if Bob Gordon is Wrong?"


Juillard, Michel, 1996, "DYNARE: A Program for the Resolution and Simulation of  Dynamic Models With Forward Variables Through the Use of a Relaxation Algorithm," CEPREMAP Working Paper No. 9602 (Paris, France).

Julliard, Michel, and Douglas Laxton, 1996, "A Robust and Efficient Method for Solving Nonlinear Rational Expectations Models", IMF Working Paper 96/111 (Washington: International Monetary Fund)

Juillard, Michel, Douglas Laxton, Peter McAdam and Hope Pioro, 1998, "An Algorithm Competition: First-Order Iterations Versus Newton-Based Techniques," forthcoming in the Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control.



Laffargue, J.P., 1990, "Résolution d'un Modèle Macroéconomique Avec Anticipations  Rationnelles," in Annales d'Economie et Statistique, Vol. 17, pp. 97-119.

Laxton, Douglas, Peter Isard, Hamid Faruqee, Eswar Prasad, and Bart Turtleboom, " MULTIMOD Mark III: The Core Dynamic and Steady-State Models", IMF Occasional Paper 164, 1998.

Laxton, Douglas, Guy Meredith, and David Rose, 1995, "Asymmetric Effects of Economic Activity on Inflation: Evidence and Policy Implications," IMF Staff Papers, Vol. 42 (June), pp. 344-74.

Laxton, Douglas, Nicholas Ricketts, and David Rose, 1994, "Uncertainty, Learning and  Policy Credibility," in Economic Behavior and Policy Choice Under Price Stability  (Ottawa: Bank of Canada, June).

Laxton, Douglas, and Eswar Prasad, 1997, "Possible Effects of European Monetary Union on Switzerland: A Case Study of Policy Dilemmas Caused by Low Inflation and the Nominal Interest Rate Floor," IMF Working Paper 97/23 (Washington: International Monetary Fund, March).

Laxton, Douglas, David Rose, and Demosthenes Tambakis, 1997, "The U.S. Phillips Curve: The Case for Asymmetry."

Laxton, Douglas, David Rose, and Robert Tetlow, 1993, "Is the Canadian Phillips Curve  Nonlinear?" Working Paper 93-7 (Ottawa: Bank of Canada, July).

Laxton, Douglas, and Robert Tetlow, 1992, "Government Debt in an Open Economy," Bank of Canada, Technical Report No. 58.


Masson, Paul R., and Steven Symansky, Richard Haas, and Michael Dooley, 1988,  "MULTIMOD: A Multi-Region Econometric Model," in Staff Studies for the World  Economic Outlook (Washington: International Monetary Fund, July), pp. 50–104.

Masson, Paul R., Steven Symansky, and Guy Meredith, 1990, "MULTIMOD MARK II:  A Revised and Extended Model," IMF Occasional Paper No. 71 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

Masson, Paul R., and Steven Symansky, 1992, "Evaluating the EMS and EMU Using Stockhastic Simulations," in Macroeconomic Policy Coordination in Europe: The ERM and Monetary Union, ed. by Ray Barrell and John Whitley (London: Sage Publications), pp. 12–34.

Masson, Paul R., and Bart G. Turtelboom, 1997, "Characteristics of the Euro, the Demand for Reserves, and Policy Coordination Under EMU," in EMU and the International Monetary System, pp. 194–224.

Meredith, Guy, 1989, "INTERMOD 2.0:  Model Specification and Simulation Properties," Working Paper 89-7, Working Group on International Macroeconomics (Ottawa, Canada).

 Meredith, Guy, 1991, "Changes to MULTIMOD Since the July 1990 IMF Occasional  Paper, No. 71, Current Model: MULTIAP" (mimeo; Washington: International Monetary Fund).