A Framework for Independent Monetary Policy in China

 
Author/Editor: Goodfriend, Marvin ; Prasad, Eswar
 
Publication Date: May 01, 2006
 
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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate
 
Summary: As China's economy becomes more market based and continues its rapid integration into the global economy, having an independent and effective monetary policy regime oriented to domestic objectives will become increasingly important. Employing modern principles of monetary policy in light of the current state of China's financial institutions, we motivate and present a package of proposals to guide the operation of a new monetary policy regime. Specifically, we recommend an explicit low long-run inflation objective, operational independence for the People's Bank of China (PBC) with formal strategic guidance from the government, and a minimal set of financial sector reforms (to make the Chinese banking system robust against interest rate fluctuations). We argue that anchoring monetary policy with an explicit inflation objective would be the most reliable way for the PBC to tie down inflation expectations, and thereby enable monetary policy to make the best contribution to macroeconomic and financial stability, as well as economic growth. The management and monitoring of money (and credit) growth by the PBC would continue to play a useful role in the stabilization of inflation, but a money target would not constitute a good stand-alone nominal anchor.
 
Series: Working Paper No. 06/111
Subject(s): Monetary policy | China | Flexible exchange rates | Inflation targeting | Financial sector | Bank reforms | Central bank policy | Central bank role | Money supply | Financial systems | Transition economies | China, People's Republic of

Author's Keyword(s): Exchange rate flexibility | inflation targeting | financial sector reforms
 
English
Publication Date: May 01, 2006
ISBN/ISSN: 0 / 1934-7073 Format: Paper
Stock No: WPIEA2006111 Pages: 52
Price:
US$15.00 (Academic Rate:
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