The Euro's Challenge to the Dollar: Different Views from Economists and Evidence from COFER (Currency Composition of Foreign Exchange Reserves) and Other Data

 
Author/Editor: Lim, Ewe-Ghee
 
Publication Date: June 01, 2006
 
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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate
 
Summary: This paper examines opposing views on the euro's challenge to the dollar as an international currency. One view emphasizes Europe's large economy and diversification effects as undergirding a vigorous challenge. The other emphasizes "network externalities," particularly undergirding continued dollar dominance. The data to date support the second view but also show the euro has significantly overtaken the legacy currencies as a reserve currency. Generally, large economic size alone is insufficient to challenge the network externalities supporting vehicle currencies, but scope exists for the euro to advance as an international store of value. The paper discusses the euro's medium-term prospects.
 
Series: Working Paper No. 06/153
Subject(s): Euro | U.S. Dollar | Foreign exchange reserves | International bond markets

Author's Keyword(s): Euro | dollar | international currency | network externalities | reserves | currency composition
 
English
Publication Date: June 01, 2006
ISBN/ISSN: 0 / 1934-7073 Format: Paper
Stock No: WPIEA2006153 Pages: 40
Price:
US$15.00 (Academic Rate:
US$15.00 )
 
 
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