Global Aging and Declining World Interest Rates: Macroeconomic Insurance Through Pension Reform in Cyprus

 
Author/Editor: Catalán, Mario ; Guajardo, Jaime ; Hoffmaister, Alexander W.
 
Publication Date: April 01, 2008
 
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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate
 
Summary: How will the world-wide decline in real interest rates associated with global aging affect small open economies (SOEs) with aging populations? Lower interest rates will result in higher capital-labor ratios and increased wages; higher wages, in turn, will be passed on to pension benefits, exacerbating aging-related fiscal pressures. The pass-through effect will be stronger if pensions are indexed to nominal wages rather than prices. Using an overlapping generations model, the paper illustrates the interest rates transmission mechanism and its interaction with pension indexation for the case of Cyprus. In addition, the paper evaluates the capacity of pension reforms to insure the economy against long-run movements in world interest rates. It concludes that pension reforms, particularly those that change the indexation of pensions from wages to prices, provide substantial macro-insurance and shock absorption benefits.
 
Series: Working Paper No. 08/98
Subject(s): Aging | Cyprus | Population | Wages | Pensions | Interest rates | Economic models

Author's Keyword(s): Pension reform | dynamic general equilibrium model | population aging
 
English
Publication Date: April 01, 2008
Format: Paper
Stock No: WPIEA2008098 Pages: 40
Price:
US$18.00 (Academic Rate:
US$18.00 )
 
 
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