Income Distribution and Social Expenditure in Brazil

Author/Editor:

Benedict J. Clements

Publication Date:

September 1, 1997

Electronic Access:

Free Full text (PDF file size is 1839 KB).Use the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view this PDF file

Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF.The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate

Summary:

This paper examines trends in income distribution in Brazil and the determinants of income inequality, including social expenditure. While recent data reveal reduced income inequality since the Real Plan of July 1994, the distribution of income is still among the most unequal in the world. Among the most important determinants of income inequality in Brazil is extreme disparity in educational attainment levels. Public expenditures on education, health, and social insurance have tended to exacerbate income inequality. A number of options for improving the equity and efficiency of Brazilian social expenditure merit further examination.

Series:

Working Paper No. 97/120

Subject:

English

Publication Date:

September 1, 1997

ISBN/ISSN:

9781451854237/1018-5941

Stock No:

WPIEA1201997

Price:

$15.00 (Academic Rate:$15.00)

Format:

Paper

Pages:

33

Please address any questions about this title to publications@imf.org