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User Payments for Basic Education in Low-Income Countries

Author/Editor: Hillman, Arye L. | Jenkner, E.
Authorized for Distribution: November 1, 2002
Electronic Access: Free Full Text (PDF file size is 1,168KB)
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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate.

Summary: Insufficient resources and inadequate public expenditure management often prevent governments in low-income countries from providing quality basic education free of charge. User payments by parents are an alternative means of financing basic education. This paper assesses how user payments affect educational opportunities and quality of education for children of poor families in low-income countries. Conditions are identified under which user payments can or cannot improve educational outcomes. User payments, whether taking the form of compulsory benefit taxation or voluntary user fees, are a temporary solution and second-best compared with free-access, publicly financed quality education that is consistent with macroeconomic stability.
 
Series: Working Paper No. 02/182
Subject(s): Government expenditures | Education | Low income developing countries
Author's keyword(s): Government expenditure and education | education
 
English  
    Published:   November 1, 2002        
    ISBN/ISSN:   1934-7073   Format:   Paper
    Stock No:   WPIEA1822002   Pages:   33
    Price:   US$15.00
       
     
Please address any questions about this title to publications@imf.org.