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The Effects of Fiscal Policies on the Economic Development of Women in the Middle East and North Africa

Author/Editor: Laframboise, Nicole | Trumbic, Tea
Authorized for Distribution: December 1, 2003
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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate.

Summary: Statistics indicate that the economic and social development of women in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) compares unfavorably with most regions in the world. This paper assesses the influence of government expenditure and taxation policies on the economic and social welfare of women in the region. On the expenditure side, we test the explanatory power of public social spending in the determination of key female social indicators. We find that the relatively weak social outcomes for MENA women are not explained by the amount of government social spending, suggesting the answer lies in the efficiency and reach of present spending. With respect to taxation, the main issues in the literature on gender bias in taxation are highlighted and applied in a general manner to the MENA context. Some simple policy recommendations are suggested.
 
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Series: Working Paper No. 03/244
Subject(s): Fiscal policy | Middle East | North Africa | Development | Gender equality | Government expenditures
Author's keyword(s): Government social spending | social indicators | gender bias
 
English  
    Published:   December 1, 2003        
    ISBN/ISSN:   1934-7073   Format:   Paper
    Stock No:   WPIEA2442003   Pages:   30
    Price:   US$15.00 (Academic Rate: US$15.00 )
       
     
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