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When is Growth Pro-Poor? Cross-Country Evidence

Author/Editor: Kraay, Aart
Authorized for Distribution: March 1, 2004
Electronic Access: Free Full Text (PDF file size is 332KB)
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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate.

Summary: Growth is pro-poor if the poverty measure of interest falls. This implies three potential sources of pro-poor growth: (a) a high rate of growth of average incomes; (b) a high sensitivity of poverty to growth in average incomes; and (c) a poverty-reducing pattern of growth in relative incomes. I empirically decompose changes in poverty in a large sample of developing countries into these components. In the medium run, most of the variation in changes in poverty is due to growth, suggesting that policies and institutions that promote broad-based growth should be central to pro-poor growth. Most of the remainder is due to poverty-reducing patterns of growth in relative incomes, rather than differences in the sensitivity of poverty to growth in average incomes. Cross-country evidence provides little guidance on policies and institutions that promote these other sources of pro-poor growth.
 
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Series: Working Paper No. 04/47
Subject(s): Poverty | Poverty reduction | Income distribution | Economic growth | Developing countries
Author's keyword(s): Poverty | growth
 
English  
    Published:   March 1, 2004        
    ISBN/ISSN:   1934-7073   Format:   Paper
    Stock No:   WPIEA0472004   Pages:   34
    Price:   US$15.00 (Academic Rate: US$15.00 )
       
     
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