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Front-Loaded or Back-Loaded Fiscal Adjustments: What Works in Emerging Market Economies?

Author/Editor: Baldacci, Emanuele | Clements, Benedict J. | Gupta, Sanjeev | Mulas-Granados, Carlos
Authorized for Distribution: August 1, 2004
Electronic Access: Free Full Text (PDF file size is 344KB)
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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate.

Summary: This paper investigates the political and economic determinants of successful fiscal adjustment in 25 emerging market economies from 1980 to 2001. The results show that large and back-loaded fiscal adjustments have the highest likelihood of success. Fiscal consolidations based on expenditure cuts increase the probability of approaching and achieving fiscal sustainability but are insufficient to maintain it unless accompanied by revenue reforms. Adjustment episodes launched in countries where governments enjoy a parliamentary majority and do not face imminent elections, are found to be more successful. Fiscal consolidations undertaken under IMF-supported programs also have a higher probability of success.
 
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Series: Working Paper No. 04/157
Subject(s): Emerging markets | Transition economies | Fiscal policy | Economic models | Structural adjustment
Author's keyword(s): Fiscal adjustment | fiscal consolidations | emerging markets | political economy
 
English  
    Published:   August 1, 2004        
    ISBN/ISSN:   1934-7073   Format:   Paper
    Stock No:   WPIEA1572004   Pages:   24
    Price:   US$15.00 (Academic Rate: US$15.00 )
       
     
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