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Trade and Growth in the Presence of Distortions

Author/Editor: Cassing, James H | Tokarick, Stephen
Authorized for Distribution: January 1, 2005
Electronic Access: Free Full Text (PDF file size is 359KB)
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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate.

Summary: Tariffs and other policy distortions typically lower real national income relative to what it otherwise would have been for any given rate of factor accumulation. Even while lowering real income, however, policy distortions may raise an economy's real measured growth rate and so, somewhat deceivingly, give the impression that national welfare has benefited from things like tariff protection. This would be an incorrect conclusion. This paper discusses the issue of how protection can affect the rate of growth for a small, open economy. As shown by Johnson (1970), in the presence of exogenously given factor accumulation, tariffs either raise or lower an economy's growth rate (measured by the change in the value of output at world prices), relative to the no-distortion growth rate. We also discuss the relevance of this result for tariff uniformity, "tariff jumping" foreign direct investment, and the empirical literature on trade and growth. Finally we use a numerical simulation model of Egypt to assess whether the costs of its tax distortions have increased or declined over time.
 
Series: Working Paper No. 05/12
Subject(s): Tariffs | Egypt | Trade | Economic growth | Capital accumulation | National income accounts | Economic models
Author's keyword(s): Tariffs | distortions | growth rate | factor accumulation
 
English  
    Published:   January 1, 2005        
    ISBN/ISSN:   1934-7073   Format:   Paper
    Stock No:   WPIEA2005012   Pages:   32
    Price:   US$15.00
       
     
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