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HIV/AIDS: The Impact on Poverty and Inequality

Author/Editor: Salinas, Gonzalo | Haacker, Markus
Authorized for Distribution: May 1, 2006
Electronic Access: Free Full Text (PDF file size is 301KB)
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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate.

Summary: Using available data on the distribution of HIV/AIDS prevalence across population groups for four sub-Saharan African countries and transposing this information to household income and expenditure surveys, we simulate the impact of HIV/AIDS on poverty and inequality. We find that the epidemic lowers average income and increases poverty, and that the jump in poverty is larger than expected from the fall in average income. This disproportionate increase in poverty reflects the large share of the population living on the threshold of poverty and the higher HIV prevalence rates in those segments of the population.
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Series: Working Paper No. 06/126
Subject(s): Income distribution | Sub-Saharan Africa | Ghana | Kenya | Swaziland | Zambia | Poverty | Economic growth | Health care | HIV and AIDS | Social security
Author's keyword(s): Income distribution | poverty | growth | income per capita | health | HIV/AIDS | social security | Ghana | Kenya | Swaziland | Zambia | sub-Saharan Africa
    Published:   May 1, 2006        
    ISBN/ISSN:   0 / 1934-7073   Format:   Paper
    Stock No:   WPIEA2006126   Pages:   24
    Price:   US$15.00 (Academic Rate: US$15.00 )
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