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U.S. Inflation Dynamics: What Drives Them Over Different Frequencies?

Author/Editor: Balakrishnan, Ravi | Ouliaris, Sam
Authorized for Distribution: June 1, 2006
Electronic Access: Free Full Text (PDF file size is 524KB)
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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate.

Summary: This paper aims to improve the understanding of U.S. inflation dynamics by separating out structural from cyclical effects using frequency domain techniques. Most empirical studies of inflation dynamics do not distinguish between secular and cyclical movements, and we show that such a distinction is critical. In particular, we study traditional Phillips curve (TPC) and new Keynesian Phillips curve (NKPC) models of inflation, and conclude that the long-run secular decline in inflation cannot be explained in terms of changes in external trade and global factor markets. These variables tend to impact inflation primarily over the business cycle. We infer that the secular decline in inflation may well reflect improved monetary policy credibility and, thus, maintaining low inflation in the long run is closely linked to anchored inflation expectations.
 
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Series: Working Paper No. 06/159
Subject(s): Inflation | United States | Monetary policy | Demand | Globalization | Economic models
Author's keyword(s): U.S. Inflation | monetary policy credibility
 
English  
    Published:   June 1, 2006        
    ISBN/ISSN:   0 / 1934-7073   Format:   Paper
    Stock No:   WPIEA2006159   Pages:   27
    Price:   US$15.00 (Academic Rate: US$15.00 )
       
     
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