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The CFA Arrangements--More than Just an Aid Substitute?

Author/Editor: Yehoue, Etienne B.
Authorized for Distribution: January 1, 2007
Electronic Access: Free Full Text (PDF file size is 435KB)
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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate.

Summary: The CFA franc zone has had one of the longest experiences with a fixed exchange rate for a convertible currency and regional integration of any group of developing countries. France, the anchor country, provides aid to support the zone. This paper asks whether the arrangements are more than just an aid substitute. The paper addresses this issue by evaluating the overall performance of the zone over the period 1960-2004. The analysis reveals that when the zone is hit by a negative shock, France increases its aid, thereby acting as a shock absorber. However, it also finds that the zone displays strong performance in two areas-price stability and fiscal policy. Thus the paper concludes that the arrangements are not an aid substitute; they have real macroeconomic value for the zone and complement aid.
 
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Series: Working Paper No. 07/19
Subject(s): Monetary unions | Africa | Risk management | Development assistance | Fiscal policy | Price stabilization | International cooperation
Author's keyword(s): Currency unions | international risk sharing | aid | trade
 
English  
    Published:   January 1, 2007        
    ISBN/ISSN:   1934-7073   Format:   Paper
    Stock No:   WPIEA2007019   Pages:   33
    Price:   US$18.00 (Academic Rate: US$18.00 )
       
     
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