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Monetary Policy Rules for Managing Aid Surges in Africa

Author/Editor: Adam, Christopher | O'Connell, Stephen A. | Buffie, Edward F. | Pattillo, Catherine A.
Authorized for Distribution: July 1, 2007
Electronic Access: Free Full Text (PDF file size is 418KB)
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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate.

Summary: Since the turn of the century, aid flows to Africa have increased on average and become more volatile. As a result, policymakers, particularly in post-stabilization countries where inflation has only recently been brought under control, have been increasingly preoccupied with how best to deploy the available instruments of monetary policy without yielding on hard-won inflation gains. We use a stochastic simulation model, in which private sector currency substitution effects play a central role, to examine the properties of alternative monetary and fiscal policy strategies in the face of volatile aid flows. We show that simple monetary rules, specifically an (unsterilized) exchange rate crawl and a 'reserve buffer plus float'-under which the authorities set a time-varying reserve target corresponding to the unspent portion of aid financing and allow the exchange rate to float freely once this reserve target is satisfied-have attractive properties relative to a range of alternative strategies including those involving heavy reliance on bond sterilization or a commitment to a 'pure' exchange rate float.
 
Series: Working Paper No. 07/180
Subject(s): Development assistance | Monetary policy | Africa | Economic models
Author's keyword(s): Monetary Policy | Africa | Aid Volatility | Stochastic Simulation Models.
 
English  
    Published:   July 1, 2007        
    ISBN/ISSN:   1934-7073   Format:   Paper
    Stock No:   WPIEA2007180   Pages:   40
    Price:   US$18.00 (Academic Rate: US$18.00)
       
     
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