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Zero Corporate Income Tax in Moldova: Tax Competition and Its Implications for Eastern Europe

Author/Editor: Piatkowski, Marcin | Jarmuzek, Mariusz
Authorized for Distribution: August 1, 2008
Electronic Access: Free Full Text (PDF file size is 648KB)
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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate.

Summary: Global economic integration intensified tax competition and raised concerns about the resulting "race to the bottom", which could undermine public investment and social spending. The aim of this paper is to test predictions that (i) there is interdependence in CIT rate setting in Eastern Europe and that (ii) the recent CIT cut in Moldova may intensify tax competition in the region. It finds that there is indeed evidence that during 1995-2006 countries in Eastern Europe strategically responded to changes in CIT rates in the region and that Moldovan zero CIT is likely to encourage further cuts in CIT. The paper also discusses implications of tax competition for Eastern Europe and finds that FDI flows will not be much affected, tax revenues are likely to decline, the shift in the composition in tax revenue may increase economic efficiency, but decrease equity. Tax coordination, while difficult politically, could help stem further decline in corporate taxation, but any gains might be modest and not certain to exceed the costs of tax coordination. Without tax coordination, however, it is unclear what exactly could stop corporate taxes from falling further.
 
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Series: Working Paper No. 08/203
Subject(s): Moldova | Corporate taxes | Tax policy | Competition | Economic integration | Public investment | Tax revenues | Foreign direct investment | Social policy
Author's keyword(s): Tax competition; Corporate Taxes
 
English  
    Published:   August 1, 2008        
            Format:   Paper
    Stock No:   WPIEA2008203   Pages:   31
    Price:   US$18.00 (Academic Rate: US$18.00 )
       
     
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