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Household Income As A Determinant of Child Labor and School Enrollment in Brazil: Evidence From A Social Security Reform

Author/Editor: Carvalho Filho, Irineu E.
Authorized for Distribution: October 1, 2008
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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate.

Summary: This paper studies the effects of household income on labor participation and school enrollment of children aged 10 to 14 in Brazil using a social security reform as a source of exogenous variation in household income. Estimates imply that the gap between actual and full school enrollment was reduced by 20 percent for girls living in the same household as an elderly benefiting from the reform. Girls' labor participation rates reduced with increased benefit income, but only when benefits were received by a female elderly. Effects on boys' enrollment rates and labor participation were in general smaller and statistically insignificant.
 
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Series: Working Paper No. 08/241
Subject(s): Income distribution | Brazil | Labor | Women | Education | Social security | Human capital
Author's keyword(s): social security reform; child labor; family; school enrollment; old-age benefits | Brazil
 
English  
    Published:   October 1, 2008        
            Format:   Paper
    Stock No:   WPIEA2008241   Pages:   36
    Price:   US$18.00 (Academic Rate: US$18.00 )
       
     
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