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Lifting Euro Area Growth: Priorities for Structural Reforms and Governance

Author/Editor: Everaert, Luc | Allard, Céline
Electronic Access: Free Full Text (PDF file size is 759KB)
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Summary: To live up to its growth potential and secure its inclusive social model, the euro area must make better use of its available labor. In the aftermath of the crisis, boosting growth is essential to prevent unemployment from becoming a long-term problem and to facilitate the return to fiscal sustainability. Labor utilization in the euro area has been lagging considerably behind its best performing peers. While fewer hours worked may, to some extent, reflect a social choice, higher unemployment rates and lower participation rates, on the other hand, cannot easily be attributed to individual preferences. Here, policies and institutions matter more. And there is little excuse for relatively low labor productivity, a particular bane in southern Europe and an increasing challenge everywhere. Kick-starting growth requires a comprehensive approach to labor and service market reforms. Different circumstances call for different approaches across countries. Countries in southern Europe need to focus on regaining competitiveness, while some in the core should promote higher labor force participation or more open service sector markets. Improving access to the labor market should be high on the priority list everywhere—including through some harmonization of key features of the labor market, which will help deal with intra-euro area imbalances. Differences in labor taxation, unemployment benefit systems, and employment protection will need to be reduced. Improving regulation and reforming taxes and social benefits will be essential to make inroads. For the longer term, focus should be on innovation, education, and on continuing financial sector reforms.
 
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Series: Staff Position Note SPN10/9
Subject(s): Labor markets | Governance | Economic growth | Financial sector | Fiscal reforms | Labor market reforms | Services sector
Author's keyword(s): Growth | Euro Area | Structural Reforms | Labor Markets | Governance
 
English  
    Published:   November 22, 2010        
    ISBN/ISSN:   9781462302109   Format:   Paper
    Stock No:   SPNEA2010019   Pages:   25
    Price:   Free        
English  
    Published:   November 22, 2010        
    ISBN/ISSN:   978-1-61635-068-0 / 2072-3202   Format:   A web quality merged PDF
    Stock No:   SPNET2010019   Pages:   25
    Price:   Free        
     
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