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PPP and the Balassa Samuelson Effect: The Role of the Distribution Sector

Author/Editor: MacDonald, Ronald | Ricci, Luca Antonio
Authorized for Distribution: March 1, 2001
Electronic Access: Free Full Text (PDF file size is 1,190KB)
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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate.

Summary: This paper investigates the impact of the distribution sector on the real exchange rate, controlling for the Balassa-Samuelson effect, as well as other macro variables. Long-run coefficients are estimated using a panel dynamic OLS estimator. The main result is that an increase in the productivity and competitiveness of the distribution sector with respect to foreign countries leads to an appreciation of the real exchange rate, similarly to what a relative increase in the domestic productivity of tradables does. This contrasts with the result that one would expect by considering the distribution sector as belonging to the non-tradable sector. One explanation may lie in the use of the services from the distribution sector in the tradable sector. Our results also contribute to explaining the so-called PPP puzzle.
 
Series: Working Paper No. 01/38
Subject(s): Purchasing power parity | Exchange rates | Trade | Prices | Economic models
 
English  
    Published:   March 1, 2001        
    ISBN/ISSN:   1934-7073   Format:   Paper
    Stock No:   WPIEA0382001   Pages:   39
    Price:   US$15.00 (Academic Rate: US$15.00 )
       
     
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