World Economic Outlook Database, October 2009

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5. Report for Selected Countries and Subjects

You will find notes on the data and options to download the table below your results.
       Shaded cells indicate IMF staff estimates
CountrySubject DescriptorSubject NotesUnitsScaleCountry/Series-specific Notes200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014
CanadaGeneral government net debtGeneral government net debt refers to gross debt of the general government minus its financial assets in the form of debt instruments. Examples of financial assets in the form of debt instruments are government’s investment in other entities’ debt securities (such as bills and bonds), loans extended by government, and other accounts receivable.National currencyBillionsGFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, State Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds, Nonfinancial Public Corporations 
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2008
Notes: On a consolidated general government basis. Net debt equals gross debt minus total financial assets (less holding of own liabilities) of federal, provincial, and local governments, and social security trust funds.
Primary domestic currency:  Canadian dollars
Data last updated: 09/2009497.673490.436491.707469.158454.571420.831384.531359.494354.927430.251495.019531.317553.584566.183565.445
CanadaGeneral government gross debtGeneral government gross debt refers to recognized financial liabilities of the general government that are serviced through interest and/or principal payments. Examples are debt securities issued (such as bills and bonds), loans obtained, and other accounts payable. Guaranteed debt is excluded from government gross debt until called.National currencyBillionsGFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, State Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds, Nonfinancial Public Corporations 
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2008
Notes: On a consolidated general government basis. Gross debt equals the total liabilities of federal, provincial, and local governments minus government bonds held by federal, provincial, and local governments, and social security trust funds. Unfunded liabilities of government employee pension plans and an autonomous and liabilities of funded pension scheme created in 1998 for government employees are excluded from general government gross debt.
Primary domestic currency:  Canadian dollars
Data last updated: 09/2009884.159915.903928.711928.829937.207975.812985.960983.6941,003.9621,191.2851,256.0531,292.3511,314.6181,327.2181,326.480
FranceGeneral government net debtGeneral government net debt refers to gross debt of the general government minus its financial assets in the form of debt instruments. Examples of financial assets in the form of debt instruments are government’s investment in other entities’ debt securities (such as bills and bonds), loans extended by government, and other accounts receivable.National currencyBillionsGFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds 
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2008
Primary domestic currency:  Euros
Data last updated: 09/2009686.881722.275761.081848.628916.113977.966974.5131,024.9611,125.1411,284.9271,420.8421,549.1811,669.9071,779.3371,877.325
FranceGeneral government gross debtGeneral government gross debt refers to recognized financial liabilities of the general government that are serviced through interest and/or principal payments. Examples are debt securities issued (such as bills and bonds), loans obtained, and other accounts payable. Guaranteed debt is excluded from government gross debt until called.National currencyBillionsGFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds 
Source: National Statistical Office. Based on Maastricht definition
Latest actual data: 2008
Primary domestic currency:  Euros
Data last updated: 09/2009826.400851.600910.9001,003.4001,076.9001,145.2001,149.9001,208.8001,314.1001,471.0231,609.8811,744.4881,872.5391,990.2152,097.000
GermanyGeneral government net debtGeneral government net debt refers to gross debt of the general government minus its financial assets in the form of debt instruments. Examples of financial assets in the form of debt instruments are government’s investment in other entities’ debt securities (such as bills and bonds), loans extended by government, and other accounts receivable.National currencyBillionsGFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, State Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds 
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2008
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany. General government net debt is consolidated net debt; it is calculated on a Maastricht basis to ensure comparability with other EU countries. General government net debt is gross debt minus deposits by German public authorities in the German banking system. Beginning in 1995, the debt and debt-service obligations of the Treuhandanstalt (and of various other agencies) were taken over by general government. This debt is equivalent to 8 percent of GDP, and the associated debt service, to ½ to 1 percent of GDP.
Primary domestic currency:  Euros
Data last updated: 09/20091,062.3391,101.2291,163.7301,249.2211,326.5371,385.3291,398.2001,381.8811,510.3111,656.4721,797.9301,906.3001,991.4062,050.9542,085.898
GermanyGeneral government gross debtGeneral government gross debt refers to recognized financial liabilities of the general government that are serviced through interest and/or principal payments. Examples are debt securities issued (such as bills and bonds), loans obtained, and other accounts payable. Guaranteed debt is excluded from government gross debt until called.National currencyBillionsGFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, State Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds 
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2008
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany. General government gross debt is consolidated gross debt; it is calculated on a Maastricht basis to ensure comparability with other EU countries. Beginning in 1995, the debt and debt-service obligations of the Treuhandanstalt (and of various other agencies) were taken over by general government. This debt is equivalent to 8 percent of GDP, and the associated debt service, to ½ to 1 percent of GDP. 
Primary domestic currency:  Euros
Data last updated: 09/20091,211.4391,223.9291,277.6301,358.1211,430.0951,489.0291,532.6001,540.3811,675.0111,853.8721,995.3302,103.7002,188.8062,248.3542,283.298
ItalyGeneral government net debtGeneral government net debt refers to gross debt of the general government minus its financial assets in the form of debt instruments. Examples of financial assets in the form of debt instruments are government’s investment in other entities’ debt securities (such as bills and bonds), loans extended by government, and other accounts receivable.National currencyBillionsGFS Manual Used: ESA-95
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds 
Source: Bank of Italy
Latest actual data: 2008
Primary domestic currency:  Euros
Data last updated: 09/20091,278.2881,336.3211,344.6651,369.0961,419.5001,483.4141,549.9981,564.9261,628.8381,716.2771,803.9151,891.4781,981.9382,073.1852,170.570
ItalyGeneral government gross debtGeneral government gross debt refers to recognized financial liabilities of the general government that are serviced through interest and/or principal payments. Examples are debt securities issued (such as bills and bonds), loans obtained, and other accounts payable. Guaranteed debt is excluded from government gross debt until called.National currencyBillionsGFS Manual Used: ESA-95
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds 
Source: Bank of Italy
Latest actual data: 2008
Primary domestic currency:  Euros
Data last updated: 09/20091,300.3411,358.3331,368.5121,393.4951,444.5631,512.7401,581.9571,598.9341,662.5581,761.8071,851.7701,941.6552,034.5152,128.1832,218.152
JapanGeneral government net debtGeneral government net debt refers to gross debt of the general government minus its financial assets in the form of debt instruments. Examples of financial assets in the form of debt instruments are government’s investment in other entities’ debt securities (such as bills and bonds), loans extended by government, and other accounts receivable.National currencyBillionsGFS Manual Used: Authorities used GFS 1986 manual in the past, but have not fully moved to 2001 manual.
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds 
Source: IMF Staff
Latest actual data: 2007
Notes: Net debt is defined as gross debt minus all the assets of the central and local governments and the social security system.
Primary domestic currency:  Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2009303,874.800330,196.700356,852.200375,120.200412,031.900424,368.100427,874.100414,479.600446,961.154501,521.982555,558.148599,141.411641,966.573687,078.631734,886.503
JapanGeneral government gross debtGeneral government gross debt refers to recognized financial liabilities of the general government that are serviced through interest and/or principal payments. Examples are debt securities issued (such as bills and bonds), loans obtained, and other accounts payable. Guaranteed debt is excluded from government gross debt until called.National currencyBillionsGFS Manual Used: Authorities used GFS 1986 manual in the past, but have not fully moved to 2001 manual.
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds 
Source: Nomura and Japan Cabinet Office.
Latest actual data: 2007
Notes: Gross debt is simply gross government liabilities (domestic and external).
Primary domestic currency:  Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2009714,541.900754,995.500790,759.500819,686.900887,343.100961,531.300970,787.000968,209.500997,636.8861,047,730.4471,097,119.8201,136,533.3131,175,074.3251,215,488.0061,257,962.538
United KingdomGeneral government net debtGeneral government net debt refers to gross debt of the general government minus its financial assets in the form of debt instruments. Examples of financial assets in the form of debt instruments are government’s investment in other entities’ debt securities (such as bills and bonds), loans extended by government, and other accounts receivable.National currencyBillionsGFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, Local Government 
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2008
Primary domestic currency:  Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 09/2009328.146328.889343.677383.975426.938468.245504.353535.988659.553870.1641,071.7851,243.7161,391.2651,519.1721,634.492
United KingdomGeneral government gross debtGeneral government gross debt refers to recognized financial liabilities of the general government that are serviced through interest and/or principal payments. Examples are debt securities issued (such as bills and bonds), loans obtained, and other accounts payable. Guaranteed debt is excluded from government gross debt until called.National currencyBillionsGFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, Local Government 
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2008
Notes: General government gross debt is consolidated gross debt; it is calculated on a national accounts basis, which differs slightly from the Maastricht definition in the treatment of swaps and the reclassification of National Health Service (NHS) trusts.
Primary domestic currency:  Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 09/2009399.095385.236400.498439.360483.994527.708572.865617.282752.452962.9271,166.4971,342.1771,495.6501,629.3651,750.732
United StatesGeneral government net debtGeneral government net debt refers to gross debt of the general government minus its financial assets in the form of debt instruments. Examples of financial assets in the form of debt instruments are government’s investment in other entities’ debt securities (such as bills and bonds), loans extended by government, and other accounts receivable.National currencyBillionsGFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, State Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds 
Source: Haver analytics
Latest actual data: 2008
Primary domestic currency:  U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 09/20093,558.5753,597.1013,992.2644,545.6735,027.1135,394.8185,604.1985,959.4526,918.7218,304.1619,828.97911,085.28112,204.01613,437.48514,786.275
United StatesGeneral government gross debtGeneral government gross debt refers to recognized financial liabilities of the general government that are serviced through interest and/or principal payments. Examples are debt securities issued (such as bills and bonds), loans obtained, and other accounts payable. Guaranteed debt is excluded from government gross debt until called.National currencyBillionsGFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, State Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds 
Source: Haver analytics
Latest actual data: 2008
Notes: Reported gross/net debt reflect the gross liabilities and net worth (respectively) of the general government, using the Federal Reserve Flow-of-Funds measure of financial assets and liabilities. The definition of liabilities is taken as:
	State and local liabilities and
	Federal government liabilities 
	less:
	State and local holdings of Treasury securities and
	State and local debt to the federal government 
(the last two are to prevent double counting).
The federal government liabilities in the Flow of Funds exclude the debt held by government trust funds (Social Security, Medicare, and other), and they include pension fund and life insurance reserves as liabilities.
Primary domestic currency:  U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 09/20095,446.8985,621.8046,057.2686,709.6547,267.0447,764.2388,161.6338,709.93410,165.82012,093.09913,765.35114,970.67216,151.85017,451.71918,855.150
Notes
  Subject Notes  
  General government net debt (National currency)
General government net debt refers to gross debt of the general government minus its financial assets in the form of debt instruments. Examples of financial assets in the form of debt instruments are government’s investment in other entities’ debt securities (such as bills and bonds), loans extended by government, and other accounts receivable.


General government gross debt (National currency)
General government gross debt refers to recognized financial liabilities of the general government that are serviced through interest and/or principal payments. Examples are debt securities issued (such as bills and bonds), loans obtained, and other accounts payable. Guaranteed debt is excluded from government gross debt until called.


  Country/Series-specific Notes  
  Canada: General government net debt (National currency)
GFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, State Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds, Nonfinancial Public Corporations
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2008
Notes: On a consolidated general government basis. Net debt equals gross debt minus total financial assets (less holding of own liabilities) of federal, provincial, and local governments, and social security trust funds.
Primary domestic currency: Canadian dollars
Data last updated: 09/2009


Canada: General government gross debt (National currency)
GFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, State Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds, Nonfinancial Public Corporations
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2008
Notes: On a consolidated general government basis. Gross debt equals the total liabilities of federal, provincial, and local governments minus government bonds held by federal, provincial, and local governments, and social security trust funds. Unfunded liabilities of government employee pension plans and an autonomous and liabilities of funded pension scheme created in 1998 for government employees are excluded from general government gross debt.
Primary domestic currency: Canadian dollars
Data last updated: 09/2009


France: General government net debt (National currency)
GFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2008
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 09/2009


France: General government gross debt (National currency)
GFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds
Source: National Statistical Office. Based on Maastricht definition
Latest actual data: 2008
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 09/2009


Germany: General government net debt (National currency)
GFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, State Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2008
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany. General government net debt is consolidated net debt; it is calculated on a Maastricht basis to ensure comparability with other EU countries. General government net debt is gross debt minus deposits by German public authorities in the German banking system. Beginning in 1995, the debt and debt-service obligations of the Treuhandanstalt (and of various other agencies) were taken over by general government. This debt is equivalent to 8 percent of GDP, and the associated debt service, to ½ to 1 percent of GDP.
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 09/2009


Germany: General government gross debt (National currency)
GFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, State Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2008
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany. General government gross debt is consolidated gross debt; it is calculated on a Maastricht basis to ensure comparability with other EU countries. Beginning in 1995, the debt and debt-service obligations of the Treuhandanstalt (and of various other agencies) were taken over by general government. This debt is equivalent to 8 percent of GDP, and the associated debt service, to ½ to 1 percent of GDP.
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 09/2009


Italy: General government net debt (National currency)
GFS Manual Used: ESA-95
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds
Source: Bank of Italy
Latest actual data: 2008
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 09/2009


Italy: General government gross debt (National currency)
GFS Manual Used: ESA-95
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds
Source: Bank of Italy
Latest actual data: 2008
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 09/2009


Japan: General government net debt (National currency)
GFS Manual Used: Authorities used GFS 1986 manual in the past, but have not fully moved to 2001 manual.
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds
Source: IMF Staff
Latest actual data: 2007
Notes: Net debt is defined as gross debt minus all the assets of the central and local governments and the social security system.
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2009


Japan: General government gross debt (National currency)
GFS Manual Used: Authorities used GFS 1986 manual in the past, but have not fully moved to 2001 manual.
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds
Source: Nomura and Japan Cabinet Office.
Latest actual data: 2007
Notes: Gross debt is simply gross government liabilities (domestic and external).
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2009


United Kingdom: General government net debt (National currency)
GFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, Local Government
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2008
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 09/2009


United Kingdom: General government gross debt (National currency)
GFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, Local Government
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2008
Notes: General government gross debt is consolidated gross debt; it is calculated on a national accounts basis, which differs slightly from the Maastricht definition in the treatment of swaps and the reclassification of National Health Service (NHS) trusts.
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 09/2009


United States: General government net debt (National currency)
GFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, State Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds
Source: Haver analytics
Latest actual data: 2008
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 09/2009


United States: General government gross debt (National currency)
GFS Manual Used: 2001
Basis of Recording: Noncash (accrual)
Includes: Central Government, State Government, Local Government, Social Security Funds
Source: Haver analytics
Latest actual data: 2008
Notes: Reported gross/net debt reflect the gross liabilities and net worth (respectively) of the general government, using the Federal Reserve Flow-of-Funds measure of financial assets and liabilities. The definition of liabilities is taken as:
State and local liabilities and
Federal government liabilities
less:
State and local holdings of Treasury securities and
State and local debt to the federal government
(the last two are to prevent double counting).
The federal government liabilities in the Flow of Funds exclude the debt held by government trust funds (Social Security, Medicare, and other), and they include pension fund and life insurance reserves as liabilities.
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 09/2009


 
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