World Economic Outlook Database, April 2018

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5. Report for Selected Countries and Subjects

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       Shaded cells indicate IMF staff estimates
CountrySubject DescriptorUnitsScaleCountry/Series-specific Notes20152016201720182019202020212022
GermanyGross domestic product, constant pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. The GDP deflator in the base year is not exactly equal to 100 since it is computed based on the quarterly real GDP data, which have been adjusted for seasonal and calendar effects.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/20182,792.7902,844.6002,916.1102,990.2163,050.3503,096.9883,139.0733,179.536
GermanyGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).1.5041.8552.5142.5412.0111.5291.3591.289
GermanyGross domestic product, current pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. The GDP deflator in the base year is not exactly equal to 100 since it is computed based on the quarterly real GDP data, which have been adjusted for seasonal and calendar effects.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/20183,043.6503,144.0503,263.3503,397.1833,522.3123,649.3923,787.0733,930.665
GermanyGross domestic product, current pricesU.S. dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).3,377.3103,479.2323,684.8164,211.6354,416.8024,628.6214,837.0145,055.325
GermanyGross domestic product, current pricesPurchasing power parity; international dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).3,874.3743,996.5994,170.7904,373.9514,558.6804,719.3204,874.6145,022.228
GermanyGross domestic product, deflatorIndex See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).108.982110.527111.908113.610115.472117.837120.643123.624
GermanyGross domestic product per capita, constant pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).34,189.02134,543.22535,255.97736,097.04736,793.65137,352.59537,883.48738,400.073
GermanyGross domestic product per capita, current pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).37,260.02138,179.57739,454.13341,009.83242,486.50344,015.11245,703.79047,471.659
GermanyGross domestic product per capita, current pricesU.S. dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).41,344.65142,249.83844,549.68850,841.66653,275.93855,825.54058,374.85861,054.460
GermanyGross domestic product per capita, current pricesPurchasing power parity; international dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).47,429.65648,532.45050,425.15052,801.10554,987.29156,919.45558,828.62760,654.739
GermanyOutput gap in percent of potential GDPPercent of potential GDP See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).0.1400.2000.9001.6001.7001.5001.2001.000
GermanyGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world totalPercent See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).3.3623.3203.2833.2403.1823.1153.0442.975
GermanyImplied PPP conversion rateNational currency per current international dollar See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).0.7860.7870.7820.7770.7730.7730.7770.783
GermanyTotal investmentPercent of GDP Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. The GDP deflator in the base year is not exactly equal to 100 since it is computed based on the quarterly real GDP data, which have been adjusted for seasonal and calendar effects.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/201819.14819.19819.65419.72319.97020.16220.28420.403
GermanyGross national savingsPercent of GDP Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. The GDP deflator in the base year is not exactly equal to 100 since it is computed based on the quarterly real GDP data, which have been adjusted for seasonal and calendar effects.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/201828.06527.74827.70327.95628.21328.26328.16228.197
GermanyInflation, average consumer pricesIndex Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Harmonized prices: Yes
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2015
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/201899.992100.358102.083103.743105.472107.733110.334113.181
GermanyInflation, average consumer pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Inflation, average consumer prices (Index).0.1340.3671.7191.6261.6672.1442.4152.580
GermanyInflation, end of period consumer pricesIndex Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Harmonized prices: Yes
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2015
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/201899.800101.400103.000104.607106.602109.033111.757114.719
GermanyInflation, end of period consumer pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index).0.2011.6031.5781.5601.9072.2812.4982.651
GermanyUnemployment ratePercent of total labor force Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/20184.6174.1673.7583.6123.5483.4943.4553.422
GermanyEmploymentPersonsMillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/201840.07441.05341.49241.74141.888n/an/an/a
GermanyPopulationPersonsMillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/201881.68782.34982.71382.83882.90482.91282.86182.800
GermanyGeneral government structural balanceNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistics Office. Data of general government gross debt comes from EUROSTAT
Latest actual data: 2017
Fiscal assumptions: The IMF staff’s projections for 2018 and beyond are based on the 2018 Draft Budgetary Plan and data updates from the national statistical agency, adjusted for the differences in the IMF staff's macroeconomic framework and assumptions concerning revenue elasticities. The projections do not include policy measures in the new government's coalition agreement published in February 2018. The estimate of gross debt includes portfolios of impaired assets and noncore business transferred to institutions that are winding up, as well as other financial sector and EU support operations.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;. other refers to special funds
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits;Securities Other than Shares;Loans;. Gross debt follows the Maastricht definition of gross debt, and excludes other accounts payable.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/201817.05324.61628.13020.35225.91030.27132.94137.137
GermanyGeneral government structural balancePercent of potential GDP See notes for: 
General government structural balance (National currency).0.5630.7870.8710.6090.7490.8430.8810.955
GermanyCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Additional source: IMF Statistics Department
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2018301.146297.469296.593346.757364.100374.973381.073394.045
GermanyCurrent account balancePercent of GDP See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).8.9178.5508.0498.2338.2448.1017.8787.795
Notes
  Country/Series-specific Notes  
  Germany: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. The GDP deflator in the base year is not exactly equal to 100 since it is computed based on the quarterly real GDP data, which have been adjusted for seasonal and calendar effects.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2018


Germany: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


Germany: Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. The GDP deflator in the base year is not exactly equal to 100 since it is computed based on the quarterly real GDP data, which have been adjusted for seasonal and calendar effects.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2018


Germany: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Germany: Gross domestic product, current prices (Purchasing power parity; international dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Germany: Gross domestic product, deflator (Index)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Germany: Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Germany: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Germany: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Germany: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (Purchasing power parity; international dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Germany: Output gap in percent of potential GDP (Percent of potential GDP)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


Germany: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total (Percent)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Germany: Implied PPP conversion rate (National currency per current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Germany: Total investment (Percent of GDP)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. The GDP deflator in the base year is not exactly equal to 100 since it is computed based on the quarterly real GDP data, which have been adjusted for seasonal and calendar effects.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2018


Germany: Gross national savings (Percent of GDP)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. The GDP deflator in the base year is not exactly equal to 100 since it is computed based on the quarterly real GDP data, which have been adjusted for seasonal and calendar effects.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2018


Germany: Inflation, average consumer prices (Index)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Harmonized prices: Yes
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2015
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2018


Germany: Inflation, average consumer prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Inflation, average consumer prices (Index).


Germany: Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Harmonized prices: Yes
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2015
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2018


Germany: Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index).


Germany: Unemployment rate (Percent of total labor force)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2018


Germany: Employment (Persons)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2018


Germany: Population (Persons)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2018


Germany: General government structural balance (National currency)
Source: National Statistics Office. Data of general government gross debt comes from EUROSTAT
Latest actual data: 2017
Fiscal assumptions: The IMF staff’s projections for 2018 and beyond are based on the 2018 Draft Budgetary Plan and data updates from the national statistical agency, adjusted for the differences in the IMF staff's macroeconomic framework and assumptions concerning revenue elasticities. The projections do not include policy measures in the new government's coalition agreement published in February 2018. The estimate of gross debt includes portfolios of impaired assets and noncore business transferred to institutions that are winding up, as well as other financial sector and EU support operations.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;. other refers to special funds
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits;Securities Other than Shares;Loans;. Gross debt follows the Maastricht definition of gross debt, and excludes other accounts payable.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2018


Germany: General government structural balance (Percent of potential GDP)
See notes for:
General government structural balance (National currency).


Germany: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Additional source: IMF Statistics Department
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2018


Germany: Current account balance (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).


 
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