Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU)
This web page provides information about the work of the IMF in the ECCU and its member countries Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Anguilla and Montserrat, as well the activities of the Regional Representative Office.
At a Glance : Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) countries
- Antigua and Barbuda joined the Fund in February 25, 1982. The IMF Executive Board completed the Second and Third Review under the Stand-by arrangement on March 30, 2011
- Dominica joined the Fund on December 12, 1978
- Grenada joined the Fund on August 27, 1975.
- St. Kitts and Nevis joined the Fund on August 15, 1984
- St. Lucia joined the Fund on November 15, 1979. The IMF Executive Board approved US$8 million in Emergency Assistance for St. Lucia on January 12, 2011.
- St. Vincent and the Grenadines joined the Fund on December 28, 1979. IMF Executive Board Approves US$3.26 Million Disbursement Under Rapid Credit Facility on February 28, 2011
- Anguilla and Montserrat are UK territories. Since 2009, the IMF includes the two territories in its regional policy consultation discussion. In addition, in 2011 the IMF staff will have bilateral discussions with Anguilla and Montserrat.
- Eastern Caribbean Currency Union. As in the case of the other three monetary unions in the world, since 2002 the IMF holds formal regional consultations with the ECCU.
News and Highlights
IMF Executive Board Concludes 2014 Discussion on Common Policies of Member Countries of the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union
IMF Executive Board Concludes Macroeconomic Issues in Small States and Implications for Fund Engagement
Eastern Caribbean Currency Union and the IMF
August 21, 2014
Series: Country Report No. 14/251
Press Release: IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation with St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Press Release: IMF Executive Board Approves US$6.4 Million Disbursement under the Rapid Credit Facility And the Rapid Financing Instrument for St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Press Release: IMF Board Completes Final Review Under SBA for St. Kitts and Nevis, Approves US$4.5 Million Disbursement
Regional Economic Outlook: Western Hemisphere
Growth across Latin America and the Caribbean is expected to remain subdued at 2.5 percent in 2014. The firming recovery in the advanced economies will support export activity, but this positive impulse is likely to be offset in many countries by the impact of lower commodity prices, tighter external financing conditions, and domestic supply bottlenecks. Renewed volatility in financial markets and a sharper-than-expected decline in commodity prices represent distinct downside risks. Faced with these challenges, policymakers should seek to preserve credible policy frameworks and ensure sufficient buffers to cope with adverse shocks. For fiscal policy, a neutral to tighter stance will be appropriate in most countries, while exchange rate flexibility and proactive supervision of the financial system should serve as the principal defenses against external volatility. To boost medium-term growth prospects, further efforts are needed to raise infrastructure investment, improve educational outcomes, and enhance the business environment.