IMF Blog: Chart of the week

 

Central Banks Hike Interest Rates in Sync to Tame Inflation Pressures

AUGUST 10, 2022

During the pandemic, central banks in both advanced and emerging market economies took unprecedented measures to ease financial conditions and support the economic recovery, including interest-rate cuts and asset purchases.

With inflation at multi-decade highs in many countries and pressures broadening beyond food and energy prices, policymakers have pivoted toward tighter policy.

As our Chart of the Week shows, central banks in many emerging markets proactively started to hike rates earlier last year, followed by their counterparts in advanced economies in the final months of 2021.

 
IMF Blog 
Insights and analysis on economics and finance

The IMF Chart of the Week is part of the IMF Blog, a forum for the views of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) staff and officials on pressing economic and policy issues of the day.

Learn more

 

Greenhouse Emissions Rise to Record, Erasing Drop During Pandemic

JUNE 30, 2022

Many hoped that the drop in emissions in 2020 would mark the beginning of a more permanent shift. The latest data, however, dashed those hopes. As the Chart of the Week shows, annual global greenhouse gas emissions rebounded 6.4 percent last year to a new record, eclipsing the pre-pandemic peak as global economic activity resumed.

READ THE BLOG
EXPLORE THE DATA
 More African Central Banks Are Exploring Digital Currencies
More African Central Banks Are Exploring Digital Currencies

JUNE 23, 2022

Several sub-Saharan African central banks are exploring or in the pilot phase of a central bank digital currency, following Nigeria’s October introduction of e-Naira. Nigeria was the second country after the Bahamas to roll out a CBDC. As the Chart of the Week shows, South Africa and Ghana are running pilots while other countries are in the research phase.

READ THE BLOG
VIEW DYNAMIC CHART
Where Are the World’s Fastest Roads?

JUNE 15, 2022

IMF staff have developed a novel measure of road quality across 162 countries using Google Maps to determine the mean, or average, time it takes to drive between large cities that are at least 80 km (50 miles) apart. As the Chart of the Week shows, the world's fastest roads are found in richer economies including the United States, Portugal, Saudi Arabia and Canada.

READ THE BLOG
VIEW DYNAMIC CHART
IMF Country Focus
IMF Podcasts
F&D Magazine
Dollar Dominance and the Rise of Nontraditional Reserve Currencies

JUNE 1, 2022

The US dollar has long played an outsized role in global markets. It continues to do so even as the American economy has been producing a shrinking share of global output over the last two decades. The Chart of the Week shows the latest picture on the dollar’s share of global foreign-exchange reserves.

READ THE BLOG
EXPLORE THE DATA
Real-Time Economic Indicators Help Better Track Activity in Africa

MAY 25, 2022

Economists are increasingly turning to new technologies that help track indicators such as growth and inflation in real time to sharpen their forecasts and offer better input for policymakers. The Chart of the Week shows how an economic-growth nowcasting framework developed by the IMF offered invaluable information for Botswana when pandemic closures hit in the second quarter of 2020.

READ THE BLOG
Social Unrest is Rising, Adding to Risks for Global Economy

MAY 20, 2022

Measuring social unrest consistently is difficult. The IMF’s Reported Social Unrest Index (RSUI) attempts to do so by counting media mentions of words associated with unrest across 130 countries. The fraction of countries experiencing large spikes in this index, which typically reflect major unrest events, rose to around 3 percent in February.

READ THE BLOG

covers

SIGN UP FOR OUR NEWSLETTERS

Cutting-edge research and analysis of economic, finance, development, and policy issues shaping the global economy.

Sign UP