Mali Resident Representative Site
Resident Representative Office in Mali
This web page provides information in on the activities of the Office, views of the IMF staff, and the relations between Mali and the IMF. Additional information can be found on Mali and IMF country page, including official IMF reports and Executive Board documents in English and French that deal with Mali.
News — Highlights
The global financial crisis is expected to have a major impact on low-income countries (LICs), especially in sub-Saharan Africa—and urgent action is required by LIC policymakers and the international community. The crisis is projected to increase the financing needs of LICs by at least US$25 billion in 2009, and much larger needs are possible
The Balance of Payments Impact of the Food and Fuel Price Shocks on Low-Income African Countries: A Country-by-Country Assessment
Mali and The IMF
Press Release: The IMF Regional Technical Assistance Center for West Africa Holds its Steering Committee Meeting
West African Economic and Monetary Union : Common Policies of Member Countries-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for West African Economic and Monetary Union
Growth in sub-Saharan Africa has weakened after more than a decade of solid growth, although this overall outlook masks considerable variation across the region. Some countries have been negatively affected by falling prices of their main commodity exports. Oil-exporting countries, including Nigeria and Angola, have been hit hard by falling revenues and the resulting fiscal adjustments, while middle-income countries such as Ghana, South Africa, and Zambia are also facing unfavorable conditions. This October 2015 report discusses the fiscal and monetary policy adjustments necessary for these countries to adapt to the new environment. Chapter 2 looks at competitiveness in the region, analyzing the substantial trade integration that accompanied the recent period of high growth, and policy actions to nurture new sources of growth. Chapter 3 looks at the implications for the region of persistently high income and gender inequality and ways to reduce them.
Monitoring and Managing Fiscal Risks in the East African Community
Monitoring and managing fiscal risks—defined as the possibility of deviations of fiscal outcomes from what was expected at the time of the budget or other forecast—are always key aspects of policymaking. Their importance in the East African Community (EAC, consisting of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda) is reinforced by the drive toward the East African Monetary Union (EAMU). Indeed, fiscal risks are unlikely to be fully captured by headline fiscal indicators—such as the deficit and debt of the government—that will serve as convergence criteria for the EAMU.
Toward a Monetary Union in the East African Community
In late 2013 the East African Community (EAC) countries (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda) signed a joint protocol setting out the process and convergence criteria for an EAC monetary union. The signing of the protocol represents a further step toward regional economic integration. It follows ratification of the protocols for a customs union (2005) and the common market (2010). Envisaged in 2024 is the introduction of a common currency to replace the national currencies of member countries.
Building Resilience in Sub-Saharan Africa's Fragile States
Fragile states—states in which the government is unable to deliver basic services and security to the population—face severe and entrenched obstacles to economic and human development. While definitions of fragility and country circumstances differ, fragile states generally have a combination of weak and non-inclusive institutions, poor governance, low capacity, and constraints in pursuing a common national interest. As a result, these countries typically display an elevated risk of both political instability (including civil conflict), and economic instability (through a low level of public service provision, inadequate economic management, and difficulties to absorb or respond to shocks). Crises in such countries can also have significant adverse spillovers on other countries. In contrast, resilience can be defined as a condition where institutional strength, capacity, and social cohesion are sufficiently strong for the state to promote security and development and to respond effectively to shocks.
Pan-African Banking : Opportunities and Challenges for Cross-Border Oversight
Pan-African banks are expanding rapidly across the continent, creating cross-border networks, and having a systemic presence in the banking sectors of many Sub-Saharan African countries. These banking groups are fostering financial development and economic integration, stimulating competition and efficiency, introducing product innovation and modern management and information systems, and bringing higher skills and expertise to host countries. At the same time, the rise of pan-African banks presents new challenges for regulators and supervisors. As networks expand, new channels for transmission of macro-financial risks and spillovers across home and host countries may emerge. To ensure that the gains from cross border banking are sustained and avoid raising financial stability risks, enhanced cross-border cooperation on regulatory and supervisory oversight is needed, in particular to support effective supervision on a consolidated basis. This paper takes stock of the development of pan-African banking groups; identifies regulatory, supervisory and resolution gaps; and suggests how the IMF can help the authorities address the related challenges.
IMF Opens Africa Training Institute in Mauritius
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) on June 26, 2014 opened the Africa Training Institute (ATI) in Ebene, Mauritius, adding an important regional center to a global network of centers helping to develop countries' policymaking capacity by transferring economic skills and best practices.