The G20 Mutual Assessment Process (MAP)

September 21, 2016

Leaders of the Group of Twenty industrialized and emerging market economies (G20) pledged at their 2009 Pittsburgh Summit to work together to ensure a lasting recovery and strong and sustainable growth over the medium term. To meet this goal, they launched the Framework for Strong, Sustainable, and Balanced Growth. The backbone of this framework is a multilateral process through which G20 countries identify objectives for the global economy, the policies needed to reach them, and the progress toward meeting these shared objectives—the so-called Mutual Assessment Process (MAP). On the request of the G20, the IMF provides technical analysis to evaluate key imbalances and how members' policies fit together—and whether, collectively, they can achieve the G20's goals. This factsheet focuses on the key procedural steps of the MAP. Information on the findings and recommendations of the MAP and IMF staff analysis can be found at

A Guide to Navigate the Global Recovery

The MAP is an approach to policy collaboration conceived by the members of the G20 at the 2009 Pittsburgh Summit. The G20 Leaders set the tone and substance of the initiative, with the goal of ensuring that collective policy action benefits all. The IMF, in turn, was asked by the G20 to provide technical analysis for the MAP.

IMF staff was tasked with analyzing—in collaboration with other international institutions—whether policies pursued by individual G20 countries are collectively consistent with the G20’s growth objectives. IMF staff also was asked to help the G-20 develop indicative guidelines to identify and evaluate large imbalances among members every two years.

At the September 2013 St. Petersburg Summit, the G20 stressed the importance of cooperation as countries address the challenges of promoting global growth, jobs, and financial stability. It reiterated its commitment to ensuring sustainable public finances in advanced economies while taking into account near-term economic and budgetary conditions. Also, the G20 reaffirmed its pledge to cooperate to achieve a lasting reduction in global imbalances. At the November 2014 Brisbane Summit, the G20 committed to comprehensive growth strategies aimed at lifting their GDP by 2018 by more than 2 percent above the trajectory implied by policies in place before St. Petersburg. These growth strategies, which focus on increasing investment, lifting employment and participation, and enhancing trade and competition, in addition to macroeconomic policies, formed the basis of the Brisbane Action Plan. At the November 2015 Antalya Summit and September 2016 Hangzhou Summit, the G20 took stock of progress toward its growth strategy commitments, which suggested that at the 2016 mid-point, the group is about halfway toward the 2 percent objective. G20 leaders presented an action plan that uses all policy levers (fiscal, monetary, and structural) and continues to strengthen the growth strategies. While supporting trade and investment openness, the action plan put greater emphasis on ensuring that growth policies benefit the broader population and on promoting inclusiveness.

For the latest information on the G20:

Building Blocks to the Framework


Key steps



September 2009

Policy and macroeconomic frameworks

All G20 members to share information—with each other and the IMF—about their policy plans and expected performance over next 3–5 years. IMF to examine global implications.


June 2010

Assessment of members’ policies

IMF assessed consistency of members’ policies with growth objectives and simulated an “upside” scenario in which collective action yields better outcomes for all. and global rebalancing.


November 2010

Enhanced MAP with indicative guidelines

G20 leaders to gauge progress toward Framework goals via indicative guidelines to identify and assess imbalances. IMF was tasked to conduct assessment of members with large imbalances.

Policy commitments

Each G20 member identified policy actions it would take to help achieve the common growth objectives.


November 2011

Cannes Action Plan for Growth and Jobs

G20 leaders endorsed policy actions to correct imbalances over the medium term and ensure progress toward strong, sustainable, and balanced growth. They committed to working with greater resolve on social issues, such as unemployment and social safety nets and taking significant strides toward a more stable and resilient international monetary system.

For seven countries identified as having large imbalances, sustainability reports by IMF staff provided analysis of the nature of imbalances, root causes, and impediments to adjustment.

Los Cabos

June 2012

Los Cabos Growth and Jobs Action Plan

G20 leaders committed to adopting policy measures to strengthen demand, support global growth, restore confidence, address short- and medium-term risks, and enhance job creation.

G20 leaders agreed on enhancing an Accountability Assessment Framework to assess progress in meeting commitments toward the shared goal of strong, sustainable, and balanced growth, and conducted the first assessment under this framework.

Saint Petersburg

September 2013

St. Petersburg Action Plan

G20 leaders agreed on an Action Plan to cooperatively boost global growth, jobs, and financial stability and acknowledged the need for fiscal consolidation to reflect economic conditions. The G20 also reaffirmed its pledge to reduce global imbalances.


November 2014

Brisbane Action Plan

G20 leaders committed to growth strategies to boost by 2018 their collective GDP by more than 2 percent above the level consistent with policies in place at the time of the October 2013 IMF WEO.


November 2015

Antalya Action Plan

G20 leaders took stock of progress toward the implementation of growth strategies and reiterated their commitment to a full and timely implementation of the growth strategies. The action plan also focused on promoting investment and greater inclusiveness.


September 2016

Hangzhou Action Plan

G20 leaders presented an action plan that uses all policy levers and further strengthens growth strategies to make progress toward the goal of strong, sustainable, balanced, and inclusive growth. While supporting trade and investment openness, the plan calls on leaders to ensure that growth benefits the broader population.