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Staff Discussion Notes

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief and written in nontechnical language, and so are aimed at a broad audience interested in economic policy issues.

March 28, 2015
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2015

Fair Play: More Equal Laws Boost Female Labor Force Participation; Prepared by Christian Gonzales, Sonali Jain-Chandra, Kalpana Kochhar, and Monique Newiak; IMF Staff Discussion Note 15/02; February 23, 2015

Date: February 23, 2015
Note: Check out more information on this Discussion Note

IMF Staff Discussion Note - Fair Play: More Equal Laws Boost Female Labor Force Participation

Date: February 17, 2015

Securitization: The Road Ahead; by Miguel Segoviano, Bradley Jones, Peter Lindner, and Johannes Blankenheim; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN/15/01; January 29, 2015

Date: January 29, 2015
Note: More information on this title



2014

Economic Diversification in the GCC: Past, Present, and Future; by Tim Callen, Reda Cherif, Fuad Hasanov, Amgad Hegazy, and Padamja Khandelwal; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN/14/12; December 23, 2014

Date: December 23, 2014
Note: More information on this title

Youth Unemployment in Advanced Economies in Europe: Searching for Solutions ; byAngana Banerji, Sergejs Saksonovs, Huidan Lin, and Rodolphe Blavy; IMF Staff Discussion Note 14/11; December 2014

Date: December 05, 2014
Note: More information on this title

Making the Most of Public Investment in MENA and CCA Oil-Exporting Countries; IMF Discussion Notes SDN/14/10; November 13, 2014

Date: November 12, 2014
Note:

Emerging Market Volatility: Lessons from The Taper Tantrum ; by Ratna Sahay, Vivek Arora, Thanos Arvanitis, Hamid Faruqee, Papa N'Diaye, Tommaso Mancini-Griffoli, and an IMF Team; Staff Discussion Note SDN/14/09 - October 3, 2014

Date: October 02, 2014
Note: More information on this title

Adjustment in Euro Area Deficit Countries: Progress, Challenges, and Policies; by Thierry Tressel, Shengzu Wang, Joong Shik Kang, and Jay Shambaugh, directed by Jörg Decressin and Petya Koeva Brooks; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN/14/07; July 22, 2014

Date: July 22, 2014
Note: More information on this title

Emerging Markets in Transition: Growth Prospects and Challenges; by Luis Cubeddu, Alex Culiuc, Ghada Fayad, Yuan Gao, Kalpana Kochhar, Annette Kyobe, Ceyda Oner, Roberto Perrelli, Sarah Sanya, Evridiki Tsounta, and Zhongxia Zhang; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN14/06; June 12, 2014

Date: June 12, 2014
Note: More information on this title

Direct Distribution of Resource Revenues: Worth Considering?; by Sanjeev Gupta, Alex Segura-ubiergo, and Enrique Flores; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN14/05; June 14, 2014

Date: June 10, 2014
Note: More information on this title

Bank Size and Systemic Risk; by Luc Laeven, Lev Ratnovski, and Hui Tong; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN14/04; May 14, 2014

Date: May 13, 2014
Note: More information on this title

Monetary Policy in the New Normal; by Tamim Bayoumi, Giovanni Dell'Ariccia, Karl Habermeier, Tommaso Mancini-Griffoli, Fabián Valencia, and an IMF Staff Team; IMF Staff Discussion Note 14/03; April 7, 2014

Date: April 07, 2014
Note: More information on this title

Macroprudential Policy in the GCC Countries; by Zsofia Arvai, Ananthakrishnan Prasad and Kentaro Katayama; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN/14/01; March 19, 2014.

Date: March 19, 2014
Note: More information on this title

Redistribution, Inequality, and Growth; by Jonathan D. Ostry, Andrew Berg, and Charalambos G. Tsangarides; ; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN/14/02; February 26, 2014

Date: February 17, 2014
Note: More information on this title



2013

Obstacles to International Policy Coordination, and How to Overcome Them; by Jonathan D. Ostry and Atish R. Ghosh; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN/13/11; December 15, 2013

Date: December 13, 2013
Note: More information on this title

Anchoring Growth: The Importance of Productivity-Enhancing Reforms in Emerging Market and Developing Economies; by Era Dabla-Norris, Giang Ho, Kalpana Kochhar, Annette Kyobe, and Robert Tchaidze; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN 13/08; December 12, 2013.

Date: December 12, 2013
Note: Technical Note
More information on this title

Dealing with High Debt in an Era of Low Growth; by S. Ali Abbas, Bernardin Akitoby, Jochen Andritzky Helge Berger, Takuji Komatsuzaki, Justin Tyson; IMF Staff Discussion Note 13/02; September 2013

Date: September 24, 2013
Note: More information on this title

Women, Work, and the Economy: Macroeconomic Gains From Gender Equity; Katrin Elborgh-Woytek, Monique Newiak, Kalpana Kochhar et al.; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN 13/10; September 23, 2013

Date: September 23, 2013
Note: Full text

Toward a Fiscal Union for the Euro Area; by Céline Allard, Petya Koeva Brooks, John C. Bluedorn et al.; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN 13/09; September 25, 2013

Date: September 23, 2013
Note:

Macroprudential and Microprudential Policies: Toward Cohabitation; Jacek Osinski, Katharine Seal, and Lex Hoogduin; IMF Staff Discussion Note 13/05; June 1, 2013

Date: June 01, 2013

Creating a Safer Financial System: Will the Volcker, Vickers, and Liikanen Structural Measures Help? by José Viñals, Ceyla Pazarbasioglu, Jay Surti, Aditya Narain, Michaela Erbenova, and Julian Chow; IMF Staff Discussion Note 14/03; May 2013

Date: May 14, 2013

Rethinking Macro Policy II: Getting Granular; by Olivier Blanchard, Giovanni Dell'Ariccia, Paolo Mauro; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN/13/03; April 15, 2013

Date: April 15, 2013

Labor Market Policies and IMF Advice in Advanced Economies During the Great Recession; Olivier Blanchard, Florence Jaumotte, and Prakash Loungani; IMF Discussion Note SDN/13/02; March 29, 2013

Date: March 28, 2013

A Banking Union for the Euro Area; by Rishi Goyal, Petya Koeva Brooks, Mahmood Pradhan, Thierry Tressel, Giovanni Dell'Ariccia, Ross Leckow, Ceyla Pazarbasioglu, and an IMF Staff Team; IMF Staff Discussion Notes SDN/13/01; February 13, 2013

Date: February 12, 2013
Note: See also Technical Notes related to this SDN.



2012

Economic Diversification in LICs: Stylized Facts and Macroeconomic Implications; Chris Papageorgiou and Nikola Spatafora; IMF Staff Discussion Note 12/13; December 14, 2012

Date: December 14, 2012

Shadow Banking: Economics and Policy; by Stijn Claessens, Zoltan Pozsar, Lev Ratnovski, and Manmohan Singh; IMF Staff Discussion Note 12/12; December 9, 2012.

Date: December 04, 2012

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy; by Francesca Bastagli, David Coady, and Sanjeev Gupta; IMF Staff Discussion Note 12/08 ( Revised); September 27, 2012

Date: September 27, 2012

Estimating the Costs of Financial Regulation; by André Oliveira Santos and Douglas Elliott; IMF Staff Discussion Notes SDN/12/11; September 11, 2012

Date: September 11, 2012

Multilateral Aspects of Managing the Capital Account; by Jonathan D. Ostry, Atish R. Ghosh, and Anton Korinek; SDN 12/10; September 7, 2012

Date: September 07, 2012
Note: Read also

What Lies Beneath: The Statistical Definition of Public Sector Debt: An Overview of the Coverage of Public Sector Debt for 61 Countries; by Robert Dippelsman, Claudia Dziobek, and Carlos A. Gutiérrez Mangas; SDN 12/09; July 27, 2012

Date: July 27, 2012
Note: Online appendix
More information on this title

Online Appendix for SDN 12/09 What Lies Beneath: The Statistical Definition of Public Sector Debt; July 25, 2012

Date: July 27, 2012

Income Inequality and Fiscal Policy; by Francesca Bastagli, David Coady, and Sanjeev Gupta; IMF Staff Discussion Note 12/08; June 28, 2012

Date: June 28, 2012
Note: Revised version also available

Fostering Growth in Europe Now; by Bergljot Barkbu, Jesmin Rahman, Rodrigo Valdés, and a staff team; IMF Staff Discussion Note 12/07; June 18, 2012

Date: June 18, 2012

Policies for Macrofinancial Stability: How to Deal with Credit Booms: by Giovanni Dell'Ariccia, Deniz Igan, Luc Laeven, and Hui Tong, with Bas Bakker and Jérôme Vandenbussche; IMF Staff Discussion Note 12/06; June 7, 2012.

Date: June 07, 2012

Externalities and Macroprudential Policy; by Gianni De Nicolò, Giovanni Favara and Lev Ratnovski; IMF Staff Discussion Note 12/05; June 7, 2012.

Date: June 07, 2012

Fiscal Frameworks for Resource Rich Developing Countries; Thomas Baunsgaard, Mauricio Villafuerte, Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro, and Christine Richmond ; Staff Discussion Note SDN/12/04; May 16, 2012.

Date: May 16, 2012

From Bail-out to Bail-in: Mandatory Debt Restructuring of Systemic Financial Institutions; IMF Staff Discussion Note 12/03; April 24, 2012

Date: April 24, 2012

Accounting Devices and Fiscal Illusions; Timothy C. Irwin; IMF Staff Discussion Note 12/02, March 28, 2012

Date: March 01, 2012

Two Targets, Two Instruments: Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies in Emerging Market Economies; by Jonathan D. Ostry, Atish R. Ghosh, and Marcos Chamon; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN/12/01; February 29, 2012

Date: February 29, 2012
Note: Online appendix
More information on this title



2011

Institutional Models for Macroprudential Policy; by Erlend W. Nier, Jacek Osinski, Luis I. Jácome, and Pamela Madrid; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN/11/18; November 1, 2011

Date: November 01, 2011

Internationalization of Emerging Market Currencies: A Balance between Risks and Rewards; by Samar Maziad, Pascal Farahmand, Shengzu Wang, et al. IMF Staff Position Note SPN/11/17; October 19, 2011.

Date: October 19, 2011

Financial Deepening and International Monetary Stability; by Rishi Goyal, Chris Marsh, Narayanan Raman, et al.; IMF Staff Discussion Notes SDN/11/16; October 19, 2011.

Date: October 19, 2011

What Happens to Social Spending in IMF-Supported Programs? By Benedict Clements, Sanjeev Gupta, and Masahiro Nozaki; IMF Staff Discussion Notes SDN/11/15; August 31, 2011.

Date: August 31, 2011

IMF Staff Discussion Note No. SDN/11/14: The Effectiveness of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies in Managing Large Inflows; IMF Staff Discussion Notes SDN/11/14; August 5, 2011

Date: August 05, 2011

Raising the Consumption Tax in Japan: Why, When, How? by a Team led by Michael Keen, Mahmood Pradhan, Kenneth Kang, and Ruud de Mooij; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN/11/13: June 16, 2011

Date: June 16, 2011

The Too-Important-to-Fail Conundrum: Impossible to Ignore and Difficult to Resolve; By Inci Ötker-Robe, Aditya Narain, Anna Ilyina, and Jay Surti and al.; IMF Staff Discussion Notes SDN/11/12; May 27, 2011.

Date: May 27, 2011

Tax Biases to Debt Finance: Assessing the Problem, Finding Solutions; by Ruud A. de Mooij; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN/11/11; May 3, 2011

Date: May 03, 2011

Policy Responses to Capital Flows in Emerging Markets; by Mahmood Pradhan, Ravi Balakrishnan, Reza Baqir, Geoffrey Heenan, Sylwia Nowak, Ceyda Oner, and Sanjaya Panth; ; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN/11/10; April 21, 2011

Date: April 21, 2011
Note: More information on this title

A Fiscal Indicator for Assessing First and Second Pillar Pension Reforms; by Mauricio Soto, Benedict Clements, and Frank Eich; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN/11/09; April 12, 2011

Date: April 12, 2011

Inequality and Unsustainable Growth: Two Sides of the Same Coin? By Andrew G. Berg and Jonathan D. Ostry; IMF Staff Discussion Note SDN/11/08; April 8, 2011.

Date: April 08, 2011
Note: More information on this title

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