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Trade Liberalization, Macroeconomic Adjustment, and Welfare: Unifying Trade and Macro Models

Author/Editor: Choudhri, Ehsan U. | Faruqee, Hamid | Tokarick, Stephen
Authorized for Distribution: December 1, 2006
Electronic Access: Free Full Text (PDF file size is 518KB)
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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate.

Summary: Trade liberalization leads to long-run gains, but it can also involve costly short-run macroeconomic adjustment. The paper explores the relative importance of these effects within a dynamic general equilibrium model that captures key elements of both international trade and macroeconomic models. The welfare effect of trade liberalization is decomposed into a steady-state efficiency gain and a transitional loss associated with wage-price stickiness. Our estimates show that the transitional loss is small relative to the steady-state gain, and tends to be lower under flexible as compared to fixed exchange rates. We also show that the loss can be reduced further by a flexible price-level targeting policy rule.
 
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Series: Working Paper No. 06/304
Subject(s): Economic conditions | Economic models | Trade liberalization
Author's keyword(s): Trade liberalization | macroeconomic adjustment | welfare cost of tariffs
 
English  
    Published:   December 1, 2006        
    ISBN/ISSN:   1934-7073   Format:   Paper
    Stock No:   WPIEA2006304   Pages:   26
    Price:   US$18.00 (Academic Rate: US$18.00 )
       
     
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