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Exchange Rate Assessments: Methodologies for Oil Exporting Countries

Author/Editor: Bems, Rudolfs | Carvalho Filho, Irineu E.
Authorized for Distribution: December 1, 2009
Electronic Access: Free Full Text (PDF file size is 1,000KB)
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Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate.

Summary: Are the current account fluctuations in oil-exporting countries "excessive"? How should their real exchange rate respond to the evolution of external (and domestic) fundamentals? This paper proposes methodologies tailored to the specific features of oil-exporting countries that help address these questions. Price-based methodologies (based on the time series of real effective exchange rates) identify a strong link between the real exchange rate and the terms of trade, but have relatively limited explanatory power. On the other hand, an empirical model of the current account, which fits oil exporting countries' data well, and an intertemporal model that takes into account the stock of oil reserves provide useful benchmarks for oil exporters' external balances.
 
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Series: Working Paper No. 09/281
Subject(s): Commodity price fluctuations | Current account | Economic models | Exchange rates | Fiscal policy | Oil exporting countries | Oil prices | Oil revenues | Real effective exchange rates
Author's keyword(s): Oil exporting countries | current account | real exchange rates | misalignment
 
English  
    Published:   December 1, 2009        
            Format:   Paper
    Stock No:   WPIEA2009281   Pages:   35
    Price:   US$18.00 (Academic Rate: US$18.00 )
       
     
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