World Economic Outlook Database, April 2011

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5. Report for Selected Countries and Subjects

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       Shaded cells indicate IMF staff estimates
CountrySubject DescriptorUnitsScaleCountry/Series-specific Notes20062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
FranceGross domestic product, constant pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/20111,601.8021,639.0101,640.5091,598.7381,622.5001,649.2231,678.6491,712.2181,747.5951,783.7021,820.528
FranceGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).2.4172.3230.091-2.5461.4861.6471.7842.0002.0662.0662.065
FranceGross domestic product, current pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/20111,808.1181,896.0241,946.8581,907.2461,946.2952,009.5322,081.0132,162.8522,250.8052,340.7142,434.162
FranceGross domestic product, current pricesU.S. dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).2,270.3612,598.7582,865.2192,656.4072,582.5272,750.7082,834.3532,923.2693,016.9503,112.3093,211.079
FranceGross domestic product per capita, constant pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).26,004.34126,450.53426,330.54025,524.05225,770.36826,075.44826,419.75926,825.29127,254.76927,691.12328,134.031
FranceGross domestic product per capita, current pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).29,353.76330,598.25631,247.51030,449.42130,913.24431,772.20032,752.43833,885.35935,102.63136,338.46237,617.006
FranceGross domestic product per capita, current pricesU.S. dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).36,858.00641,939.05945,987.41542,409.87441,018.59743,490.75344,609.02645,798.79947,051.10648,317.11149,623.301
FranceGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDPCurrent international dollarBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).1,976.3912,081.8222,129.2602,094.0642,145.4872,204.7082,274.9542,350.2342,434.2022,526.4912,625.100
FranceGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDPCurrent international dollarUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).32,085.57733,596.69334,175.09633,431.99334,077.04034,858.08535,804.82136,821.07037,962.81239,222.56240,567.714
FranceUnemployment ratePercent of total labor force Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/20119.2258.3337.8179.5009.7349.5019.0898.6268.2648.0237.910
FranceEmploymentPersonsMillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/201125.36225.72925.88325.57325.56925.56025.722n/an/an/an/a
FrancePopulationPersonsMillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/201161.59761.96562.30462.63762.96063.24863.53863.82964.12164.41464.709
FranceGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Fiscal assumptions: Estimates for the general government in 2010 are preliminary estimates from the 2011 budget and, for the central government, reflect the actual outturn. Projections for 2011 and beyond reflect the authorities’ 2011–14 multi-year budget, adjusted for differences in assumptions on macro and financial variables, and revenue projections.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011974.5131,024.9861,126.2551,303.9971,450.8781,565.7651,663.8021,743.1681,802.1241,845.0961,873.706
FranceGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).53.94754.08057.80168.37674.55177.92379.95880.60280.07278.83276.981
FranceGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Fiscal assumptions: Estimates for the general government in 2010 are preliminary estimates from the 2011 budget and, for the central government, reflect the actual outturn. Projections for 2011 and beyond reflect the authorities’ 2011–14 multi-year budget, adjusted for differences in assumptions on macro and financial variables, and revenue projections.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/20111,149.9001,208.9001,315.1001,489.0001,639.6691,760.6901,865.6601,952.9642,020.4522,072.1452,109.820
FranceGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).63.65663.78467.49378.07784.25287.62489.65890.30389.77388.53386.682
FranceCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2010
BOP Manual used: BPM 5
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011-12.995-25.931-54.629-51.283-53.052-76.498-76.403-70.635-67.972-69.020-70.185
FranceCurrent account balancePercent of GDP See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).-0.572-0.998-1.907-1.931-2.054-2.781-2.696-2.416-2.253-2.218-2.186
GermanyGross domestic product, constant pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/20112,196.6662,257.8192,273.7002,167.5332,243.4842,300.4982,348.6162,392.8192,435.2102,469.7612,502.845
GermanyGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).3.5662.7840.703-4.6693.5042.5412.0921.8821.7721.4191.340
GermanyGross domestic product, current pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/20112,326.5002,432.4002,481.2002,397.1002,498.8002,570.5102,643.1462,730.9292,820.0262,900.7722,977.828
GermanyGross domestic product, current pricesU.S. dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).2,921.2663,333.9343,651.6183,338.6753,315.6433,518.5923,599.9813,691.0713,779.9273,856.9863,928.268
GermanyGross domestic product per capita, constant pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).26,704.10727,475.00027,723.70326,508.71127,492.57628,247.74228,896.36929,499.22130,081.99530,569.93631,041.524
GermanyGross domestic product per capita, current pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).28,282.45929,599.44830,253.79529,316.29430,621.31831,563.20632,520.14233,667.52334,835.60935,904.86236,932.505
GermanyGross domestic product per capita, current pricesU.S. dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).35,512.82540,570.05944,524.94940,831.65940,631.24343,204.67644,292.63945,504.37846,693.19447,740.58048,720.327
GermanyGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDPCurrent international dollarBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).2,686.4282,842.4862,925.0302,814.0092,940.4343,048.1813,154.8003,255.4343,362.0143,467.3483,577.088
GermanyGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDPCurrent international dollarUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).32,657.97534,589.71335,665.50734,415.05136,033.28437,428.52038,815.31640,133.74641,530.74142,917.76544,364.826
GermanyUnemployment ratePercent of total labor force Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/20119.8338.3677.3007.4926.8586.5586.4926.3186.3096.3096.309
GermanyEmploymentPersonsMillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/201138.99439.65340.21640.17240.36740.58240.675n/an/an/an/a
GermanyPopulationPersonsMillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/201182.25982.17782.01381.76781.60381.44081.27781.11580.95280.79180.629
GermanyGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office. Data of general government gross debt comes from EUROSTAT
Latest actual data: 2010
Fiscal assumptions: The estimates for 2010 are preliminary estimates from the Federal Statistical Office of Germany. The IMF staff’s projections for 2011 and beyond reflect the authorities’ adopted core federal government budget plan adjusted for the differences in the IMF staff’s macro framework and staff assumptions on the fiscal developments in state and local governments, social insurance system and special funds. The estimate of gross debt at end-2010 includes the transfer of liabilities of bad banks to the government balance sheet.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;. other refers to special funds
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/20111,227.1011,218.7271,232.9751,340.3101,344.7991,405.1471,445.4881,472.2901,483.7871,526.2721,566.816
GermanyGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).52.74550.10449.69355.91453.81854.66454.68853.91252.61652.61652.616
GermanyGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office. Data of general government gross debt comes from EUROSTAT
Latest actual data: 2010
Fiscal assumptions: The estimates for 2010 are preliminary estimates from the Federal Statistical Office of Germany. The IMF staff’s projections for 2011 and beyond reflect the authorities’ adopted core federal government budget plan adjusted for the differences in the IMF staff’s macro framework and staff assumptions on the fiscal developments in state and local governments, social insurance system and special funds. The estimate of gross debt at end-2010 includes the transfer of liabilities of bad banks to the government balance sheet.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;. other refers to special funds
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/20111,571.6731,578.8331,646.1631,762.2111,998.9002,059.2482,099.5892,126.3912,137.8882,139.5672,140.219
GermanyGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).67.55564.90866.34573.51479.99480.11079.43577.86375.81173.75971.872
GermanyCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2010
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
BOP Manual used: BPM 5
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011188.481253.756245.722166.968176.084180.759164.102160.099160.878153.891142.224
GermanyCurrent account balancePercent of GDP See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).6.4527.6116.7295.0015.3115.1374.5584.3374.2563.9903.621
GreeceGross domestic product, constant pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010. Preliminary
Notes: The National Statistical Office revised the national accounts data significantly in October, 2007. Official data are only available from 2000. Staff has estimated data prior to 2000 using growth rates from the October 2007 release of WEO. Therefore, these estimates should be treated as very provisional. Data for 2009 are provisional.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011174.697182.173184.036180.273172.098166.869168.669172.232175.901180.646185.955
GreeceGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).5.1674.2791.023-2.045-4.535-3.0391.0792.1122.1302.6982.939
GreeceGross domestic product, current pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010. Preliminary
Notes: The National Statistical Office revised the national accounts data significantly in October, 2007. Official data are only available from 2000. Staff has estimated data prior to 2000 using growth rates from the October 2007 release of WEO. Therefore, these estimates should be treated as very provisional. Data for 2009 are provisional.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011211.300227.074236.917235.017230.173226.737230.185236.931244.817252.924263.594
GreeceGross domestic product, current pricesU.S. dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).265.318311.236348.674327.331305.415310.365313.514320.232328.150336.298347.726
GreeceGross domestic product per capita, constant pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).15,756.92316,394.25816,524.73716,152.04715,384.10414,901.72915,047.44515,349.97115,661.28816,067.68416,557.487
GreeceGross domestic product per capita, current pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).19,058.32720,435.03221,272.97121,056.96320,575.52820,248.12620,535.52321,116.22921,797.26022,496.57123,470.507
GreeceGross domestic product per capita, current pricesU.S. dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).23,930.55928,008.98231,307.74129,328.08427,301.54427,716.25027,969.51128,540.29029,216.76129,912.36430,961.635
GreeceGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDPCurrent international dollarBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).301.281323.421333.868330.039318.082311.794319.499330.436342.457357.639374.781
GreeceGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDPCurrent international dollarUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).27,174.26129,105.57629,978.29229,570.76528,433.85627,843.94328,503.47329,449.76830,490.58031,810.53833,370.700
GreeceUnemployment ratePercent of total labor force Source: National Statistical Office. Labor Force Survey
Latest actual data: 2010
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/20118.8928.2927.6839.37512.45814.75814.97114.46213.77912.66011.612
GreeceEmploymentPersonsMillionsSource: National Statistical Office. Labor Force Survey
Latest actual data: 2010
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/20114.4524.5064.5564.5114.3894.2824.279n/an/an/an/a
GreecePopulationPersonsMillionsSource: IFS - International Finance Statistics
Latest actual data: 2010
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/201111.08711.11211.13711.16111.18711.19811.20911.22011.23211.24311.231
GreeceGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2010. These data are still provisional.
Fiscal assumptions: Macroeconomic and fiscal projections for 2011 and the medium term are consistent with the policies agreed to between IMF staff and the authorities in the context of the Stand-By Arrangement. Fiscal projections assume a strong front-loaded fiscal adjustment, which already started in 2010, but will be followed through with further measures in 2011–13. Growth is expected to bottom out in late 2010 and gradually rebound after that, coming into positive territory in 2012. The data include fiscal data revisions for 2006-2009. These revisions rectify a number of shortfalls with earlier statistics. First, government controlled enterprises where sales cover less than 50 percent of production costs have been reclassified into the general government sector, in line with Eurostat guidelines. A total of 17 such enterprises or entities were identified and included, including a number of large loss-making entities. The inclusion implies that the debt of these entities (7¼ percent of GDP) is now included in headline general government debt data, and their annual losses increase the annual deficit (to the extent their called guarantees were not already reflected). Second, the revisions reflect better information on arrears (including tax refund arrears, arrears on lump sum payments to retiring civil servant pensioners, and arrears to health sector suppliers), as well as corrections of social security balances on account of corrections of imputed interest payments, double counting of revenues, and other inaccuracies. Finally, new information on swaps also became available and further helps explain the upward revision in debt data.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Net debt data, including historical data, are provisional.
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011224.204238.581261.396298.032326.900345.355362.897371.866373.394377.834383.447
GreeceGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).106.107105.067110.332126.813142.024152.315157.654156.951152.520149.386145.469
GreeceGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2010. These data are still provisional.
Fiscal assumptions: Macroeconomic and fiscal projections for 2011 and the medium term are consistent with the policies agreed to between IMF staff and the authorities in the context of the Stand-By Arrangement. Fiscal projections assume a strong front-loaded fiscal adjustment, which already started in 2010, but will be followed through with further measures in 2011–13. Growth is expected to bottom out in late 2010 and gradually rebound after that, coming into positive territory in 2012. The data include fiscal data revisions for 2006-2009. These revisions rectify a number of shortfalls with earlier statistics. First, government controlled enterprises where sales cover less than 50 percent of production costs have been reclassified into the general government sector, in line with Eurostat guidelines. A total of 17 such enterprises or entities were identified and included, including a number of large loss-making entities. The inclusion implies that the debt of these entities (7¼ percent of GDP) is now included in headline general government debt data, and their annual losses increase the annual deficit (to the extent their called guarantees were not already reflected). Second, the revisions reflect better information on arrears (including tax refund arrears, arrears on lump sum payments to retiring civil servant pensioners, and arrears to health sector suppliers), as well as corrections of social security balances on account of corrections of imputed interest payments, double counting of revenues, and other inaccuracies. Finally, new information on swaps also became available and further helps explain the upward revision in debt data.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Net debt data, including historical data, are provisional.
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011224.204238.581261.396298.032326.900345.355362.897371.866373.394377.834383.447
GreeceGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).106.107105.067110.332126.813142.024152.315157.654156.951152.520149.386145.469
GreeceCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2010
Notes: Data for the period 1979 to 2004 are from IFS, while for the period 2005 to 2008 data come from the Central Bank. Please note that IFS does not provide data for 1998, instead, we use data from Eurostat. No data on BOP are available prior to 1976. Please note that there are inconsistencies between the BOP data and national accounts data that cannot be reconciled.
BOP Manual used: BPM 5
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011-29.832-44.686-51.212-35.961-31.909-25.333-22.120-21.258-18.008-14.746-13.369
GreeceCurrent account balancePercent of GDP See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).-11.244-14.358-14.688-10.986-10.448-8.162-7.055-6.638-5.488-4.385-3.845
ItalyGross domestic product, constant pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
GDP valuation: Gross domestic product, chained
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/20111,270.1261,288.9531,271.8971,205.5371,221.1591,234.0051,250.0991,267.1591,284.6391,302.6241,321.251
ItalyGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).2.0361.482-1.323-5.2171.2961.0521.3041.3651.3791.4001.430
ItalyGross domestic product, current pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
GDP valuation: Gross domestic product, chained
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/20111,485.3771,546.1781,567.7611,519.7021,548.8161,593.5951,648.9681,704.9011,762.9871,823.4221,886.487
ItalyGross domestic product, current pricesU.S. dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).1,865.1122,119.2472,307.2972,116.6372,055.1142,181.3622,245.9052,304.3112,363.0852,424.4972,488.601
ItalyGross domestic product per capita, constant pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).21,618.54321,798.16221,333.64220,077.19820,237.86520,356.75920,533.60320,730.53920,938.67021,159.50321,395.388
ItalyGross domestic product per capita, current pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).25,282.28226,148.22226,296.20925,309.35925,668.00426,288.73927,085.25827,891.93128,735.40029,619.23230,548.414
ItalyGross domestic product per capita, current pricesU.S. dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).31,745.65735,839.68438,700.51335,250.81034,058.72035,984.82536,890.29137,698.19738,516.55439,382.94740,298.612
ItalyGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDPCurrent international dollarBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).1,721.2351,798.1611,813.1381,734.2921,773.5471,811.8321,860.7421,910.3471,965.2872,026.4852,092.489
ItalyGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDPCurrent international dollarUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).29,296.76130,409.63030,411.94228,883.17429,392.40329,888.87430,563.77531,253.00232,032.74432,917.74233,884.253
ItalyUnemployment ratePercent of total labor force Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/20116.7836.1586.7507.8178.4928.6008.3007.9007.6007.4007.400
ItalyEmploymentPersonsMillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/201122.98623.20523.40323.01822.88022.94423.112n/an/an/an/a
ItalyPopulationPersonsMillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/201158.75259.13159.61960.04560.34060.61960.88161.12561.35261.56261.754
ItalyGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections incorporate the impact of the 2010 budget law and fiscal adjustment measures for 2011–13 as approved by the government in May 2010 and modified during parliamentary approval in June–July 2010. The estimates for 2010 are the preliminary outturn data from the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat). The IMF staff projections are based on the authorities’ estimates of the policy scenario, including the above-mentioned medium-term fiscal consolidation package and adjusted mainly for differences in macroeconomic assumptions and for less optimistic assumptions concerning the impact of revenue administration measures (to combat tax evasion). After 2013, a constant structural primary balance (net of one-time items) is assumed.
GFS Manual used: 2001
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/20111,333.7721,350.1551,397.8841,475.6171,542.0101,603.1451,655.1581,707.5991,762.2891,814.4371,865.352
ItalyGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).89.79387.32289.16497.09999.561100.599100.375100.15899.96099.50798.880
ItalyGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections incorporate the impact of the 2010 budget law and fiscal adjustment measures for 2011–13 as approved by the government in May 2010 and modified during parliamentary approval in June–July 2010. The estimates for 2010 are the preliminary outturn data from the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat). The IMF staff projections are based on the authorities’ estimates of the policy scenario, including the above-mentioned medium-term fiscal consolidation package and adjusted mainly for differences in macroeconomic assumptions and for less optimistic assumptions concerning the impact of revenue administration measures (to combat tax evasion). After 2013, a constant structural primary balance (net of one-time items) is assumed.
GFS Manual used: 2001
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/20111,584.0961,602.1151,666.6031,763.8641,843.2271,916.3031,978.4762,041.1622,102.6352,164.8542,225.602
ItalyGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).106.646103.618106.305116.066119.009120.250119.983119.723119.265118.725117.976
ItalyCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011-48.137-51.691-67.700-44.117-71.986-73.457-66.362-68.426-70.495-66.253-59.912
ItalyCurrent account balancePercent of GDP See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).-2.581-2.439-2.934-2.084-3.503-3.367-2.955-2.969-2.983-2.733-2.407
JapanGross domestic product, constant pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: Global Insight and Nomura database.
Latest actual data: 2010
National accounts manual used: SNA 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 03/2011547,709.300560,650.800554,117.600519,291.300539,739.300547,286.290558,605.296568,062.856576,638.267584,026.678590,986.462
JapanGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).2.0392.363-1.165-6.2853.9381.3982.0681.6931.5101.2811.192
JapanGross domestic product, current pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: Global Insight and Nomura database.
Latest actual data: 2010
National accounts manual used: SNA 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 03/2011507,364.700515,520.400504,377.600470,936.600479,179.100479,218.876488,493.628496,012.832503,568.999511,409.695520,485.096
JapanGross domestic product, current pricesU.S. dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).4,362.5774,377.9614,879.8385,032.9825,458.8725,821.9455,920.5566,058.0596,218.1566,379.6586,539.556
JapanGross domestic product per capita, constant pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).4,287,478.4974,388,401.1954,339,474.3094,071,257.7434,233,813.9204,292,164.5904,387,965.7294,470,843.6814,548,446.6954,618,427.5224,686,773.794
JapanGross domestic product per capita, current pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).3,971,660.2254,035,150.4713,949,944.2673,692,155.5963,758,768.6203,758,336.9603,837,223.3773,903,786.0243,972,085.9364,044,179.3124,127,668.002
JapanGross domestic product per capita, current pricesU.S. dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).34,150.33334,267.76738,215.59239,458.71642,820.39245,659.36546,507.24847,678.93949,047.99350,449.73051,861.462
JapanGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDPCurrent international dollarBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).4,080.5524,299.9104,342.6694,107.0364,309.5324,417.6484,571.1194,708.1814,849.8034,994.9705,145.540
JapanGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDPCurrent international dollarUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).31,942.63833,656.83134,008.84732,199.27233,804.75734,645.98535,907.13137,054.95338,254.61139,499.74940,806.315
JapanUnemployment ratePercent of total labor force Source: Global Insight and Nomura database.
Latest actual data: 2010
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 03/20114.1283.8493.9875.0735.0584.8824.6504.4834.3464.2304.151
JapanEmploymentPersonsMillionsSource: Global Insight and Nomura database.
Latest actual data: 2010
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 03/201163.82564.12563.85462.82162.56462.44962.217n/an/an/an/a
JapanPopulationPersonsMillionsSource: Global Insight and Nomura database.
Latest actual data: 2009. Actual surveys are taken every 5 years with the latest one being in 2005. The authorities project population on a monthly basis, which was last done August 2009.
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 03/2011127.746127.757127.692127.551127.483127.508127.304127.059126.777126.456126.097
JapanGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Cabinet Office of Japan
Latest actual data: 2009
Fiscal assumptions: The 2011 projections assume fiscal measures already announced by the government and reconstruction spending of around 1 percent of GDP. The medium-term projections typically assume that expenditure and revenue of the general government are adjusted in line with current underlying demographic and economic trends (excluding fiscal stimulus).
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Gross public debt includes equity shares.
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 03/2011427,874.100420,092.100486,744.900518,238.000562,874.105612,591.384659,848.619706,412.089753,166.814801,681.591852,921.738
JapanGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).84.33381.48996.504110.044117.466127.831135.078142.418149.566156.759163.871
JapanGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Cabinet Office of Japan
Latest actual data: 2009
Fiscal assumptions: The 2011 projections assume fiscal measures already announced by the government and reconstruction spending of around 1 percent of GDP. The medium-term projections typically assume that expenditure and revenue of the general government are adjusted in line with current underlying demographic and economic trends (excluding fiscal stimulus).
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Gross public debt includes equity shares.
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 03/2011970,787.000967,393.300983,527.7001,018,863.6001,055,546.6651,097,797.6551,140,016.3641,180,709.6551,220,612.7081,261,414.6191,303,684.662
JapanGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).191.339187.654194.998216.348220.282229.081233.374238.040242.392246.654250.475
JapanCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Global Insight and Nomura database.
Latest actual data: 2010
BOP Manual used: BPM 6
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 03/2011170.437210.967157.079141.751194.754134.083138.591135.950133.297133.271131.471
JapanCurrent account balancePercent of GDP See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).3.9074.8193.2192.8163.5682.3032.3412.2442.1442.0892.010
United KingdomGross domestic product, constant pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 03/20111,328.3631,364.0291,363.1391,296.6891,312.9111,334.6911,365.7861,399.8661,434.6691,471.4421,509.360
United KingdomGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).2.7882.685-0.065-4.8751.2511.6592.3302.4952.4862.5632.577
United KingdomGross domestic product, current pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 03/20111,328.3631,404.8451,445.5801,394.9891,453.6161,530.0361,607.7701,693.4331,782.8051,879.3231,982.025
United KingdomGross domestic product, current pricesU.S. dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).2,447.6822,812.0492,679.0132,182.4302,247.4552,471.8832,602.4872,743.3522,890.9933,050.5233,220.415
United KingdomGross domestic product per capita, constant pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).21,924.88522,370.29922,210.84320,982.54121,100.37121,305.89821,656.72622,050.13122,449.76322,872.58323,305.768
United KingdomGross domestic product per capita, current pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).21,924.88523,039.68823,554.12822,573.19623,361.70324,424.22925,493.76626,674.28127,897.40229,212.82630,604.107
United KingdomGross domestic product per capita, current pricesU.S. dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).40,399.45146,118.06443,651.55035,315.27036,119.84639,459.09241,266.60143,212.17945,238.36847,418.35649,725.870
United KingdomGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDPCurrent international dollarBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).2,051.2452,168.3162,214.2522,125.6182,172.7682,233.0022,316.4992,404.7802,500.9472,608.4072,723.819
United KingdomGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDPCurrent international dollarUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).33,856.19635,560.73336,078.78034,395.97034,919.51135,645.80336,731.80737,879.12839,134.92140,545.94542,058.019
United KingdomUnemployment ratePercent of total labor force Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 03/20115.4005.3955.5517.4537.8417.8337.6927.3966.9336.3745.811
United KingdomEmploymentPersonsMillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 03/201129.02729.22529.44128.97829.06029.24729.438n/an/an/an/a
United KingdomPopulationPersonsMillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2007
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 03/201160.58760.97561.37361.79862.22262.64463.06563.48663.90664.33264.763
United KingdomGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Notes: General government variables exclude the effects of temporary effect of financial interventions.
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the authorities’ 2011 budget announced in March 2011 and Economic and Fiscal Outlook by Office for Budget Responsibility published along with the Budget. These projections incorporate the announced medium-term consolidation plans from 2011 onwards. The projections are adjusted for differences in forecasts of macroeconomic and financial variables.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 03/2011504.353535.988659.481849.6021,009.1391,149.4631,264.0381,347.0261,402.3421,437.7381,455.840
United KingdomGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).37.96838.15345.62160.90469.42375.12778.62179.54478.65976.50373.452
United KingdomGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Notes: General government variables exclude the effects of temporary effect of financial interventions.
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the authorities’ 2011 budget announced in March 2011 and Economic and Fiscal Outlook by Office for Budget Responsibility published along with the Budget. These projections incorporate the announced medium-term consolidation plans from 2011 onwards. The projections are adjusted for differences in forecasts of macroeconomic and financial variables.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 03/2011572.865617.282752.379953.2501,122.8051,270.4381,390.6161,480.7311,542.9051,586.0051,612.154
United KingdomGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).43.12643.94052.04768.33477.24283.03386.49387.44086.54484.39281.339
United KingdomCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
BOP Manual used: BPM 5
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 03/2011-82.797-73.025-44.063-37.319-56.016-60.051-48.861-41.450-38.204-34.403-32.392
United KingdomCurrent account balancePercent of GDP See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).-3.383-2.597-1.645-1.710-2.492-2.429-1.877-1.511-1.321-1.128-1.006
United StatesGross domestic product, constant pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: Haver Analytics
Latest actual data: 2010
GDP valuation: Real Gross Domestic Product determined by chained Fisher quantity growth rates.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 03/201112,976.25013,228.85013,228.85012,880.60013,245.57513,610.93614,001.89314,383.19814,775.74415,179.37415,585.719
United StatesGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).2.6731.9470.000-2.6332.8342.7582.8722.7232.7292.7322.677
United StatesGross domestic product, current pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: Haver Analytics
Latest actual data: 2010
GDP valuation: Real Gross Domestic Product determined by chained Fisher quantity growth rates.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 03/201113,398.92514,061.80014,369.07514,119.05014,657.80015,227.07415,880.20716,522.05917,223.52317,993.10018,807.547
United StatesGross domestic product, current pricesU.S. dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).13,398.92514,061.80014,369.07514,119.05014,657.80015,227.07415,880.20716,522.05917,223.52317,993.10018,807.547
United StatesGross domestic product per capita, constant pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).43,409.00443,818.18943,413.41841,905.33542,728.02943,500.61944,326.87745,103.34545,896.08046,703.88447,500.581
United StatesGross domestic product per capita, current pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).44,822.96446,577.18647,155.32145,934.46947,283.63348,665.80550,273.20151,810.46253,499.31355,361.15457,319.743
United StatesGross domestic product per capita, current pricesU.S. dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).44,822.96446,577.18647,155.32145,934.46947,283.63348,665.80550,273.20151,810.46253,499.31355,361.15457,319.743
United StatesGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDPCurrent international dollarBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).13,398.92514,061.80014,369.07514,119.05014,657.80015,227.07415,880.20716,522.05917,223.52317,993.10018,807.547
United StatesGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDPCurrent international dollarUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).44,822.96446,577.18647,155.32145,934.46947,283.63348,665.80550,273.20151,810.46253,499.31355,361.15457,319.743
United StatesUnemployment ratePercent of total labor force Source: Haver Analytics
Latest actual data: 2010
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 03/20114.6084.6175.8009.2759.6338.5377.7516.9946.3155.7075.185
United StatesEmploymentPersonsMillionsSource: Haver Analytics
Latest actual data: 2010
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 03/2011144.418146.049145.369139.886139.069141.921145.161n/an/an/an/a
United StatesPopulationPersonsMillionsSource: Haver Analytics
Latest actual data: 2010
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 03/2011298.930301.903304.718307.374309.997312.891315.878318.894321.939325.013328.116
United StatesGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: BEA and IMF's Government Finance Statistics Yearbook (revenue, expenditure, and net lending); Flow of Funds (debt)
Latest actual data: 2009
Notes: Revenue, expenditure, and net lending data are compiled according to the GFSM2001 methodology. Due to data limitations, most series begin 2001.
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the President's draft FY2012 budget adjusted for the staff assessment of policies likely adopted by Congress. Compared with the President's budget, staff assume more frontloaded discretionary spending cuts, a further extension of emergency unemployment benefits, and a delayed action on the proposed revenue-raising measures. The staff estimates of fiscal deficits also exclude certain measures yet-to-be-specified by the authorities and are adjusted for a different accounting treatment of the financial sector support. The resulting projections are adjusted to reflect the staff forecasts of key macroeconomic and financial variables, and are converted to the general government basis.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 03/20115,615.8215,983.9166,955.2668,450.7739,501.70711,025.31412,173.73813,102.58914,006.01314,999.83816,118.101
United StatesGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).41.91242.55448.40459.85464.82472.40676.66079.30481.31983.36485.700
United StatesGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: BEA and IMF's Government Finance Statistics Yearbook (revenue, expenditure, and net lending); Flow of Funds (debt)
Latest actual data: 2009
Notes: Revenue, expenditure, and net lending data are compiled according to the GFSM2001 methodology. Due to data limitations, most series begin 2001.
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the President's draft FY2012 budget adjusted for the staff assessment of policies likely adopted by Congress. Compared with the President's budget, staff assume more frontloaded discretionary spending cuts, a further extension of emergency unemployment benefits, and a delayed action on the proposed revenue-raising measures. The staff estimates of fiscal deficits also exclude certain measures yet-to-be-specified by the authorities and are adjusted for a different accounting treatment of the financial sector support. The resulting projections are adjusted to reflect the staff forecasts of key macroeconomic and financial variables, and are converted to the general government basis.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 03/20118,189.7088,740.66210,233.92811,941.46713,419.47015,153.88716,341.16317,446.86218,521.12619,683.13821,047.780
United StatesGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).61.12262.15971.22284.57791.55299.519102.903105.597107.534109.393111.911
United StatesCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Haver Analytics
Latest actual data: 2010
BOP Manual used: BPM 5. Certain provisions of BPM 6 have been incorporated as of July 2010
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 03/2011-802.637-718.094-668.856-378.434-470.244-493.875-450.700-439.799-490.011-558.654-643.581
United StatesCurrent account balancePercent of GDP See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).-5.990-5.107-4.655-2.680-3.208-3.243-2.838-2.662-2.845-3.105-3.422
Notes
  Country/Series-specific Notes  
  France: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


France: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


France: Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


France: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


France: Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


France: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


France: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


France: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


France: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


France: Unemployment rate (Percent of total labor force)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


France: Employment (Persons)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


France: Population (Persons)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


France: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Fiscal assumptions: Estimates for the general government in 2010 are preliminary estimates from the 2011 budget and, for the central government, reflect the actual outturn. Projections for 2011 and beyond reflect the authorities’ 2011–14 multi-year budget, adjusted for differences in assumptions on macro and financial variables, and revenue projections.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


France: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


France: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Fiscal assumptions: Estimates for the general government in 2010 are preliminary estimates from the 2011 budget and, for the central government, reflect the actual outturn. Projections for 2011 and beyond reflect the authorities’ 2011–14 multi-year budget, adjusted for differences in assumptions on macro and financial variables, and revenue projections.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


France: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


France: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2010
BOP Manual used: BPM 5
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


France: Current account balance (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).


Germany: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Germany: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


Germany: Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Germany: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Germany: Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Germany: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Germany: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Germany: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Germany: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Germany: Unemployment rate (Percent of total labor force)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Germany: Employment (Persons)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Germany: Population (Persons)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Germany: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office. Data of general government gross debt comes from EUROSTAT
Latest actual data: 2010
Fiscal assumptions: The estimates for 2010 are preliminary estimates from the Federal Statistical Office of Germany. The IMF staff’s projections for 2011 and beyond reflect the authorities’ adopted core federal government budget plan adjusted for the differences in the IMF staff’s macro framework and staff assumptions on the fiscal developments in state and local governments, social insurance system and special funds. The estimate of gross debt at end-2010 includes the transfer of liabilities of bad banks to the government balance sheet.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;. other refers to special funds
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Germany: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Germany: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office. Data of general government gross debt comes from EUROSTAT
Latest actual data: 2010
Fiscal assumptions: The estimates for 2010 are preliminary estimates from the Federal Statistical Office of Germany. The IMF staff’s projections for 2011 and beyond reflect the authorities’ adopted core federal government budget plan adjusted for the differences in the IMF staff’s macro framework and staff assumptions on the fiscal developments in state and local governments, social insurance system and special funds. The estimate of gross debt at end-2010 includes the transfer of liabilities of bad banks to the government balance sheet.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;. other refers to special funds
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Germany: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Germany: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2010
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
BOP Manual used: BPM 5
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Germany: Current account balance (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).


Greece: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010. Preliminary
Notes: The National Statistical Office revised the national accounts data significantly in October, 2007. Official data are only available from 2000. Staff has estimated data prior to 2000 using growth rates from the October 2007 release of WEO. Therefore, these estimates should be treated as very provisional. Data for 2009 are provisional.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Greece: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


Greece: Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010. Preliminary
Notes: The National Statistical Office revised the national accounts data significantly in October, 2007. Official data are only available from 2000. Staff has estimated data prior to 2000 using growth rates from the October 2007 release of WEO. Therefore, these estimates should be treated as very provisional. Data for 2009 are provisional.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Greece: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Greece: Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Greece: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Greece: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Greece: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Greece: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Greece: Unemployment rate (Percent of total labor force)
Source: National Statistical Office. Labor Force Survey
Latest actual data: 2010
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Greece: Employment (Persons)
Source: National Statistical Office. Labor Force Survey
Latest actual data: 2010
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Greece: Population (Persons)
Source: IFS - International Finance Statistics
Latest actual data: 2010
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Greece: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2010. These data are still provisional.
Fiscal assumptions: Macroeconomic and fiscal projections for 2011 and the medium term are consistent with the policies agreed to between IMF staff and the authorities in the context of the Stand-By Arrangement. Fiscal projections assume a strong front-loaded fiscal adjustment, which already started in 2010, but will be followed through with further measures in 2011–13. Growth is expected to bottom out in late 2010 and gradually rebound after that, coming into positive territory in 2012. The data include fiscal data revisions for 2006-2009. These revisions rectify a number of shortfalls with earlier statistics. First, government controlled enterprises where sales cover less than 50 percent of production costs have been reclassified into the general government sector, in line with Eurostat guidelines. A total of 17 such enterprises or entities were identified and included, including a number of large loss-making entities. The inclusion implies that the debt of these entities (7¼ percent of GDP) is now included in headline general government debt data, and their annual losses increase the annual deficit (to the extent their called guarantees were not already reflected). Second, the revisions reflect better information on arrears (including tax refund arrears, arrears on lump sum payments to retiring civil servant pensioners, and arrears to health sector suppliers), as well as corrections of social security balances on account of corrections of imputed interest payments, double counting of revenues, and other inaccuracies. Finally, new information on swaps also became available and further helps explain the upward revision in debt data.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Net debt data, including historical data, are provisional.
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Greece: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Greece: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2010. These data are still provisional.
Fiscal assumptions: Macroeconomic and fiscal projections for 2011 and the medium term are consistent with the policies agreed to between IMF staff and the authorities in the context of the Stand-By Arrangement. Fiscal projections assume a strong front-loaded fiscal adjustment, which already started in 2010, but will be followed through with further measures in 2011–13. Growth is expected to bottom out in late 2010 and gradually rebound after that, coming into positive territory in 2012. The data include fiscal data revisions for 2006-2009. These revisions rectify a number of shortfalls with earlier statistics. First, government controlled enterprises where sales cover less than 50 percent of production costs have been reclassified into the general government sector, in line with Eurostat guidelines. A total of 17 such enterprises or entities were identified and included, including a number of large loss-making entities. The inclusion implies that the debt of these entities (7¼ percent of GDP) is now included in headline general government debt data, and their annual losses increase the annual deficit (to the extent their called guarantees were not already reflected). Second, the revisions reflect better information on arrears (including tax refund arrears, arrears on lump sum payments to retiring civil servant pensioners, and arrears to health sector suppliers), as well as corrections of social security balances on account of corrections of imputed interest payments, double counting of revenues, and other inaccuracies. Finally, new information on swaps also became available and further helps explain the upward revision in debt data.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Net debt data, including historical data, are provisional.
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Greece: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Greece: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2010
Notes: Data for the period 1979 to 2004 are from IFS, while for the period 2005 to 2008 data come from the Central Bank. Please note that IFS does not provide data for 1998, instead, we use data from Eurostat. No data on BOP are available prior to 1976. Please note that there are inconsistencies between the BOP data and national accounts data that cannot be reconciled.
BOP Manual used: BPM 5
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Greece: Current account balance (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).


Italy: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
GDP valuation: Gross domestic product, chained
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Italy: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


Italy: Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
GDP valuation: Gross domestic product, chained
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Italy: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Italy: Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Italy: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Italy: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Italy: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Italy: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Italy: Unemployment rate (Percent of total labor force)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Italy: Employment (Persons)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Italy: Population (Persons)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Italy: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections incorporate the impact of the 2010 budget law and fiscal adjustment measures for 2011–13 as approved by the government in May 2010 and modified during parliamentary approval in June–July 2010. The estimates for 2010 are the preliminary outturn data from the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat). The IMF staff projections are based on the authorities’ estimates of the policy scenario, including the above-mentioned medium-term fiscal consolidation package and adjusted mainly for differences in macroeconomic assumptions and for less optimistic assumptions concerning the impact of revenue administration measures (to combat tax evasion). After 2013, a constant structural primary balance (net of one-time items) is assumed.
GFS Manual used: 2001
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Italy: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Italy: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Fiscal assumptions: The fiscal projections incorporate the impact of the 2010 budget law and fiscal adjustment measures for 2011–13 as approved by the government in May 2010 and modified during parliamentary approval in June–July 2010. The estimates for 2010 are the preliminary outturn data from the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat). The IMF staff projections are based on the authorities’ estimates of the policy scenario, including the above-mentioned medium-term fiscal consolidation package and adjusted mainly for differences in macroeconomic assumptions and for less optimistic assumptions concerning the impact of revenue administration measures (to combat tax evasion). After 2013, a constant structural primary balance (net of one-time items) is assumed.
GFS Manual used: 2001
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Italy: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Italy: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Primary domestic currency: Euros
Data last updated: 03/2011


Italy: Current account balance (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).


Japan: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Source: Global Insight and Nomura database.
Latest actual data: 2010
National accounts manual used: SNA 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 03/2011


Japan: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


Japan: Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Source: Global Insight and Nomura database.
Latest actual data: 2010
National accounts manual used: SNA 1993
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2000
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 03/2011


Japan: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Japan: Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Japan: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Japan: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Japan: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Japan: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Japan: Unemployment rate (Percent of total labor force)
Source: Global Insight and Nomura database.
Latest actual data: 2010
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 03/2011


Japan: Employment (Persons)
Source: Global Insight and Nomura database.
Latest actual data: 2010
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 03/2011


Japan: Population (Persons)
Source: Global Insight and Nomura database.
Latest actual data: 2009. Actual surveys are taken every 5 years with the latest one being in 2005. The authorities project population on a monthly basis, which was last done August 2009.
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 03/2011


Japan: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan
Latest actual data: 2009
Fiscal assumptions: The 2011 projections assume fiscal measures already announced by the government and reconstruction spending of around 1 percent of GDP. The medium-term projections typically assume that expenditure and revenue of the general government are adjusted in line with current underlying demographic and economic trends (excluding fiscal stimulus).
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Gross public debt includes equity shares.
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 03/2011


Japan: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Japan: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan
Latest actual data: 2009
Fiscal assumptions: The 2011 projections assume fiscal measures already announced by the government and reconstruction spending of around 1 percent of GDP. The medium-term projections typically assume that expenditure and revenue of the general government are adjusted in line with current underlying demographic and economic trends (excluding fiscal stimulus).
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Gross public debt includes equity shares.
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 03/2011


Japan: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Japan: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Global Insight and Nomura database.
Latest actual data: 2010
BOP Manual used: BPM 6
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 03/2011


Japan: Current account balance (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).


United Kingdom: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 03/2011


United Kingdom: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


United Kingdom: Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2006
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 03/2011


United Kingdom: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


United Kingdom: Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


United Kingdom: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


United Kingdom: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


United Kingdom: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


United Kingdom: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


United Kingdom: Unemployment rate (Percent of total labor force)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 03/2011


United Kingdom: Employment (Persons)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 03/2011


United Kingdom: Population (Persons)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2007
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 03/2011


United Kingdom: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Notes: General government variables exclude the effects of temporary effect of financial interventions.
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the authorities’ 2011 budget announced in March 2011 and Economic and Fiscal Outlook by Office for Budget Responsibility published along with the Budget. These projections incorporate the announced medium-term consolidation plans from 2011 onwards. The projections are adjusted for differences in forecasts of macroeconomic and financial variables.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 03/2011


United Kingdom: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


United Kingdom: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2009
Notes: General government variables exclude the effects of temporary effect of financial interventions.
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the authorities’ 2011 budget announced in March 2011 and Economic and Fiscal Outlook by Office for Budget Responsibility published along with the Budget. These projections incorporate the announced medium-term consolidation plans from 2011 onwards. The projections are adjusted for differences in forecasts of macroeconomic and financial variables.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 03/2011


United Kingdom: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


United Kingdom: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
BOP Manual used: BPM 5
Primary domestic currency: Sterling pounds
Data last updated: 03/2011


United Kingdom: Current account balance (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).


United States: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Source: Haver Analytics
Latest actual data: 2010
GDP valuation: Real Gross Domestic Product determined by chained Fisher quantity growth rates.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 03/2011


United States: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


United States: Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Source: Haver Analytics
Latest actual data: 2010
GDP valuation: Real Gross Domestic Product determined by chained Fisher quantity growth rates.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 03/2011


United States: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


United States: Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


United States: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


United States: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


United States: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


United States: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


United States: Unemployment rate (Percent of total labor force)
Source: Haver Analytics
Latest actual data: 2010
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 03/2011


United States: Employment (Persons)
Source: Haver Analytics
Latest actual data: 2010
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 03/2011


United States: Population (Persons)
Source: Haver Analytics
Latest actual data: 2010
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 03/2011


United States: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: BEA and IMF's Government Finance Statistics Yearbook (revenue, expenditure, and net lending); Flow of Funds (debt)
Latest actual data: 2009
Notes: Revenue, expenditure, and net lending data are compiled according to the GFSM2001 methodology. Due to data limitations, most series begin 2001.
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the President's draft FY2012 budget adjusted for the staff assessment of policies likely adopted by Congress. Compared with the President's budget, staff assume more frontloaded discretionary spending cuts, a further extension of emergency unemployment benefits, and a delayed action on the proposed revenue-raising measures. The staff estimates of fiscal deficits also exclude certain measures yet-to-be-specified by the authorities and are adjusted for a different accounting treatment of the financial sector support. The resulting projections are adjusted to reflect the staff forecasts of key macroeconomic and financial variables, and are converted to the general government basis.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 03/2011


United States: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


United States: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: BEA and IMF's Government Finance Statistics Yearbook (revenue, expenditure, and net lending); Flow of Funds (debt)
Latest actual data: 2009
Notes: Revenue, expenditure, and net lending data are compiled according to the GFSM2001 methodology. Due to data limitations, most series begin 2001.
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the President's draft FY2012 budget adjusted for the staff assessment of policies likely adopted by Congress. Compared with the President's budget, staff assume more frontloaded discretionary spending cuts, a further extension of emergency unemployment benefits, and a delayed action on the proposed revenue-raising measures. The staff estimates of fiscal deficits also exclude certain measures yet-to-be-specified by the authorities and are adjusted for a different accounting treatment of the financial sector support. The resulting projections are adjusted to reflect the staff forecasts of key macroeconomic and financial variables, and are converted to the general government basis.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 03/2011


United States: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


United States: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Haver Analytics
Latest actual data: 2010
BOP Manual used: BPM 5. Certain provisions of BPM 6 have been incorporated as of July 2010
Primary domestic currency: U.S. dollars
Data last updated: 03/2011


United States: Current account balance (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).


 
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