World Economic Outlook Database, April 2013

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5. Report for Selected Countries and Subjects

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       Shaded cells indicate IMF staff estimates
CountrySubject DescriptorUnitsScaleCountry/Series-specific Notes20112012201320142015201620172018
BulgariaGross domestic product, constant pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/201352.92253.33353.97355.21457.14759.14761.21763.359
BulgariaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).1.8410.7751.2002.3003.5003.5003.5003.500
BulgariaGross domestic product, current pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/201375.30877.58280.12483.53188.41994.050100.262106.885
BulgariaGross domestic product, current pricesU.S. dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).53.57551.02054.44656.31259.19162.48966.13669.997
BulgariaGross domestic product per capita, constant pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).7,222.6957,352.2277,515.6097,727.1047,997.5538,277.4678,567.1788,867.029
BulgariaGross domestic product per capita, current pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).10,277.82410,695.15311,157.15211,690.06712,374.08013,162.17914,031.54114,958.324
BulgariaGross domestic product per capita, current pricesU.S. dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).7,311.8037,033.3757,581.5007,880.7138,283.6118,745.2079,255.6789,795.947
BulgariaGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDPCurrent international dollarBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).101.206103.816106.789111.416117.640124.292131.406138.888
BulgariaGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDPCurrent international dollarUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).13,812.31814,311.57914,870.19415,592.52616,463.46817,394.49218,390.01119,437.128
BulgariaGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world totalPercent See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).0.1280.1250.1220.1200.1200.1180.1170.116
BulgariaTotal investmentPercent of GDP Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/201321.92323.82924.35524.75324.88326.21727.47828.502
BulgariaGross national savingsPercent of GDP Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/201322.19323.15422.46522.68522.26923.21324.08425.060
BulgariaInflation, average consumer pricesIndex Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: As of 1997, the consumer price index has been replaced by HICP.
Harmonized prices: Yes
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2005
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013141.210144.583147.550150.366153.782158.045162.786167.670
BulgariaInflation, average consumer pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Inflation, average consumer prices (Index).3.3892.3892.0521.9092.2722.7723.0003.000
BulgariaInflation, end of period consumer pricesIndex Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: As of 1997, the consumer price index has been replaced by HICP.
Harmonized prices: Yes
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2005
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013142.150146.080148.709151.684155.476160.140164.944169.893
BulgariaInflation, end of period consumer pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index).2.0462.7651.8002.0002.5003.0003.0003.000
BulgariaVolume of imports of goods and servicesPercent change Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/20138.0207.0845.7015.1236.2878.4699.1638.625
BulgariaVolume of Imports of goodsPercent change Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/201311.4677.6815.5405.3086.5308.9239.7229.108
BulgariaVolume of exports of goods and servicesPercent change Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/201312.620-0.2973.2206.8718.1177.8008.1878.251
BulgariaVolume of exports of goodsPercent change Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/201317.801-0.9912.5947.3398.8258.3358.8148.824
BulgariaValue of oil importsU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/20135.8156.6636.4236.8997.2987.9858.9249.915
BulgariaValue of oil exportsU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/20133.0973.7583.7453.9314.1764.4494.8145.229
BulgariaUnemployment ratePercent of total labor force Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/201311.35012.37912.37911.3798.8797.3797.3797.379
BulgariaPopulationPersonsMillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/20137.3277.2547.1817.1467.1467.1467.1467.146
BulgariaGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2011
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;State Government
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013-8.522-7.436-6.692-6.774-7.646-9.050-11.022-13.194
BulgariaGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).-11.316-9.585-8.352-8.110-8.648-9.622-10.994-12.344
BulgariaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2011
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;State Government
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/201311.62914.35014.28916.86516.16916.68114.68312.685
BulgariaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).15.44218.49717.83320.19018.28717.73614.64411.868
BulgariaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2011
BOP Manual used: BPM 5
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/20130.145-0.344-1.029-1.165-1.547-1.877-2.244-2.410
BulgariaCurrent account balancePercent of GDP See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).0.270-0.675-1.890-2.068-2.614-3.004-3.393-3.443
HungaryGross domestic product, constant pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011. Preliminary
Notes: We maintain data only after 1995, as this is what the Statistical office provides.
National accounts manual used: SNA 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005. Changes in inventories is an estimate.
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/201322,189.15021,821.04721,818.35422,077.18022,412.83722,781.05323,155.67123,529.187
HungaryGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).1.652-1.659-0.0121.1861.5201.6431.6441.613
HungaryGross domestic product, current pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011. Preliminary
Notes: We maintain data only after 1995, as this is what the Statistical office provides.
National accounts manual used: SNA 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005. Changes in inventories is an estimate.
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/201327,886.40128,549.00029,228.30930,402.44631,668.54233,041.80234,515.86236,048.738
HungaryGross domestic product, current pricesU.S. dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).138.968126.873132.669138.573144.001149.707155.817162.100
HungaryGross domestic product per capita, constant pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).2,222,025.8362,190,428.3572,194,547.0822,225,030.5662,263,386.2392,305,181.3102,347,783.9492,390,436.046
HungaryGross domestic product per capita, current pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).2,792,549.6702,865,790.0022,939,859.7463,064,085.7143,198,084.3443,343,451.4123,499,608.6043,662,353.704
HungaryGross domestic product per capita, current pricesU.S. dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).13,916.31812,735.72513,344.15813,965.92214,542.06215,148.61715,798.52516,468.450
HungaryGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDPCurrent international dollarBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).195.433195.630198.822205.179212.496220.485228.924237.548
HungaryGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDPCurrent international dollarUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).19,570.71719,637.58519,998.05120,678.83521,459.18722,310.52323,210.93724,133.562
HungaryGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world totalPercent See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).0.2460.2350.2280.2220.2160.2100.2050.199
HungaryTotal investmentPercent of GDP Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011. Preliminary
Notes: We maintain data only after 1995, as this is what the Statistical office provides.
National accounts manual used: SNA 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005. Changes in inventories is an estimate.
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/201319.50618.72818.03717.78717.87918.01918.16118.295
HungaryGross national savingsPercent of GDP Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011. Preliminary
Notes: We maintain data only after 1995, as this is what the Statistical office provides.
National accounts manual used: SNA 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005. Changes in inventories is an estimate.
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/201320.41720.43120.18419.55918.97118.36817.57316.506
HungaryInflation, average consumer pricesIndex Source: IFS - International Finance Statistics
Latest actual data: 2011
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2005
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013135.007142.703147.269152.424156.996161.706166.557171.554
HungaryInflation, average consumer pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Inflation, average consumer prices (Index).3.9005.7003.2003.5003.0003.0003.0003.000
HungaryInflation, end of period consumer pricesIndex Source: IFS - International Finance Statistics
Latest actual data: 2011
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2005
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013136.924143.770149.521154.455159.088163.861168.777173.840
HungaryInflation, end of period consumer pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index).4.1005.0004.0003.3003.0003.0003.0003.000
HungaryVolume of imports of goods and servicesPercent change Source: Central Bank. The Central bank's original source is the National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Laspeyres-type
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/20136.7521.5891.9813.0104.5125.1025.4405.491
HungaryVolume of Imports of goodsPercent change Source: Central Bank. The Central bank's original source is the National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Laspeyres-type
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/20130.1311.5541.9812.4724.5125.1025.4405.491
HungaryVolume of exports of goods and servicesPercent change Source: Central Bank. The Central bank's original source is the National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Laspeyres-type
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/20139.8542.5702.9233.5263.9244.3074.5964.726
HungaryVolume of exports of goodsPercent change Source: Central Bank. The Central bank's original source is the National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Laspeyres-type
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/20130.8392.0973.3014.2454.2654.3074.2554.726
HungaryValue of oil importsU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. The Central bank's original source is the National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Laspeyres-type
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/20137.8337.7977.6207.3997.2257.1247.0467.034
HungaryValue of oil exportsU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. The Central bank's original source is the National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Laspeyres-type
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/20130.0000.0000.0000.0000.0000.0000.0000.000
HungaryUnemployment ratePercent of total labor force Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011. Economically active population aged 15-64.
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/201310.99910.99510.46910.94110.76310.58510.31710.048
HungaryPopulationPersonsMillionsSource: National Statistical Office. Hungarian Central Statistical Office (HCSO)
Latest actual data: 2011. The HCSO updated population data in February 2012.
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/20139.9869.9629.9429.9229.9029.8839.8639.843
HungaryGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2010. Preliminary
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections include IMF staff projections of the macroeconomic framework and of the impact of recent legislative measures as well as fiscal policy plans announced at the end of January 2013.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Nonfinancial Public Corporation;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/201320,911.12720,775.81321,577.87722,626.36323,648.81524,706.77125,760.87626,755.827
HungaryGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).74.98772.77273.82574.42374.67674.77474.63574.221
HungaryGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2010. Preliminary
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections include IMF staff projections of the macroeconomic framework and of the impact of recent legislative measures as well as fiscal policy plans announced at the end of January 2013.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Nonfinancial Public Corporation;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/201322,689.82522,554.51123,356.57524,405.06225,427.51426,485.46927,539.57428,534.525
HungaryGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).81.36579.00379.91180.27380.29380.15779.78879.155
HungaryCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2010
BOP Manual used: BPM 6. BPM6 is used for the current account but the capital and financial account still use BPM5
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/20131.2662.1602.8492.4551.5730.524-0.917-2.900
HungaryCurrent account balancePercent of GDP See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).0.9111.7032.1471.7711.0930.350-0.588-1.789
PolandGross domestic product, constant pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Data prior to 1995 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: Other
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/20131,291.3471,317.7541,335.0381,364.7151,401.4421,447.9951,499.0711,554.229
PolandGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).4.3212.0451.3122.2232.6913.3223.5273.679
PolandGross domestic product, current pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Data prior to 1995 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: Other
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/20131,523.2451,588.3531,628.1681,701.0811,793.3511,900.6222,017.3412,144.359
PolandGross domestic product, current pricesU.S. dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).514.019487.674513.394544.161576.425611.188646.530685.274
PolandGross domestic product per capita, constant pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).33,515.49233,879.03434,000.45034,429.22335,023.11535,846.00936,761.26137,755.265
PolandGross domestic product per capita, current pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).39,534.14540,836.05241,465.81242,915.12844,817.20447,051.09249,470.62552,090.674
PolandGross domestic product per capita, current pricesU.S. dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).13,340.80612,537.93413,075.01013,728.17214,405.31215,130.33815,854.65216,646.654
PolandGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDPCurrent international dollarBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).771.088800.934824.783859.875900.810950.1121,004.7551,063.807
PolandGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDPCurrent international dollarUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).20,012.73820,591.75221,005.38721,693.04822,511.92423,520.61824,639.29125,841.938
PolandGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world totalPercent See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).0.9730.9630.9460.9300.9150.9060.8980.891
PolandTotal investmentPercent of GDP Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Data prior to 1995 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: Other
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/201321.87321.08021.24921.57221.96922.49823.01223.504
PolandGross national savingsPercent of GDP Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Data prior to 1995 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: Other
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/201317.00517.51217.66018.10818.47019.04319.41219.936
PolandInflation, average consumer pricesIndex Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 1998
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013161.596167.548170.654174.067177.983182.433186.994191.669
PolandInflation, average consumer pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Inflation, average consumer prices (Index).4.2733.6831.8542.0002.2502.5002.5002.500
PolandInflation, end of period consumer pricesIndex Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 1998
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013161.738165.619168.932172.310176.618181.034185.559190.198
PolandInflation, end of period consumer pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index).4.6002.4002.0002.0002.5002.5002.5002.500
PolandVolume of imports of goods and servicesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2012
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Other
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Oil coverage: Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/20135.465-1.8561.3174.7816.6666.8827.0536.932
PolandVolume of Imports of goodsPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2012
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Other
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Oil coverage: Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/20135.465-1.8561.3174.7816.6666.8827.0536.932
PolandVolume of exports of goods and servicesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2012
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Other
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Oil coverage: Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/20137.7172.4043.2825.0806.1956.7597.1507.143
PolandVolume of exports of goodsPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2012
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Other
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Oil coverage: Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/20137.7172.4043.2825.0806.1956.7597.1507.143
PolandValue of oil importsU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2012
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Other
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Oil coverage: Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/201322.75123.43923.20922.56122.16022.16422.52123.042
PolandValue of oil exportsU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2012
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Other
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Oil coverage: Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/20130.0000.0000.0000.0000.0000.0000.0000.000
PolandUnemployment ratePercent of total labor force Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/20139.63110.34710.96910.96910.2639.7319.3759.016
PolandPopulationPersonsMillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/201338.53038.89639.26539.63840.01540.39540.77941.166
PolandGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2012
Fiscal assumptions: Data is on a ESA-95 (accrual) basis.  Projections are based on the 2013 budget and its execution up to the third quarter of 2012. The projections take into account the diversion of contributions from the pillar II to the pillar I pension system.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013400.051424.765396.884421.549448.068472.279479.026485.004
PolandGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).26.26326.74224.37624.78124.98524.84923.74522.618
PolandGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2012
Fiscal assumptions: Data is on a ESA-95 (accrual) basis.  Projections are based on the 2013 budget and its execution up to the third quarter of 2012. The projections take into account the diversion of contributions from the pillar II to the pillar I pension system.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013859.076876.228925.275956.591994.1991,032.0711,073.1951,116.583
PolandGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).56.39855.16656.82956.23455.43854.30253.19952.071
PolandCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2012
BOP Manual used: BPM 5
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013-25.023-17.400-18.431-18.854-20.135-21.081-23.236-24.412
PolandCurrent account balancePercent of GDP See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).-4.868-3.568-3.590-3.465-3.493-3.449-3.594-3.562
RomaniaGross domestic product, constant pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat. Eurostat data is fully additive. Source provides previous year volume indices. Staff calculate real GDP based on chain-linked GDP deflators. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q3.
Latest actual data: 2012. Preliminary.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013335.631336.730342.111348.892357.012367.308379.517392.829
RomaniaGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).2.1580.3271.5981.9822.3272.8843.3243.508
RomaniaGross domestic product, current pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat. Eurostat data is fully additive. Source provides previous year volume indices. Staff calculate real GDP based on chain-linked GDP deflators. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q3.
Latest actual data: 2012. Preliminary.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013556.708587.466625.788661.676700.345742.897790.798843.173
RomaniaGross domestic product, current pricesU.S. dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).182.611169.384186.970193.236203.533216.338231.687248.832
RomaniaGross domestic product per capita, constant pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).15,695.33915,774.28416,056.86216,406.32616,820.12917,338.12317,948.56618,613.480
RomaniaGross domestic product per capita, current pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).26,033.75427,520.17129,371.16831,114.69632,995.74035,067.14037,399.29339,952.195
RomaniaGross domestic product per capita, current pricesU.S. dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).8,539.5537,934.9008,775.3699,086.7539,589.16110,211.86510,957.18911,790.444
RomaniaGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDPCurrent international dollarBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).267.729273.411282.348293.668306.558321.966339.814359.189
RomaniaGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDPCurrent international dollarUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).12,519.98112,808.07913,251.91913,809.46214,443.06115,197.84716,070.87917,019.516
RomaniaGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world totalPercent See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).0.3380.3290.3240.3180.3110.3070.3040.301
RomaniaTotal investmentPercent of GDP Source: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat. Eurostat data is fully additive. Source provides previous year volume indices. Staff calculate real GDP based on chain-linked GDP deflators. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q3.
Latest actual data: 2012. Preliminary.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/201326.92827.01927.48827.62727.73927.61727.77628.176
RomaniaGross national savingsPercent of GDP Source: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat. Eurostat data is fully additive. Source provides previous year volume indices. Staff calculate real GDP based on chain-linked GDP deflators. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q3.
Latest actual data: 2012. Preliminary.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/201322.40823.19423.75523.79723.72023.43023.45323.725
RomaniaInflation, average consumer pricesIndex Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q4.
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013330.846341.885357.671367.946378.616388.839398.949408.923
RomaniaInflation, average consumer pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Inflation, average consumer prices (Index).5.7853.3364.6172.8732.9002.7002.6002.500
RomaniaInflation, end of period consumer pricesIndex Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q4.
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013332.540349.014361.859372.702383.510393.865404.105414.208
RomaniaInflation, end of period consumer pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index).3.1354.9543.6802.9962.9002.7002.6002.500
RomaniaVolume of imports of goods and servicesPercent change Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/201310.042-1.2941.2174.0476.2557.6578.2778.668
RomaniaVolume of Imports of goodsPercent change Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/201310.307-1.3411.2174.0476.2557.6578.2778.668
RomaniaVolume of exports of goods and servicesPercent change Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/201310.327-3.168-0.2533.0115.7307.8948.3358.403
RomaniaVolume of exports of goodsPercent change Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/201311.163-4.254-2.3880.2450.5780.9081.0651.110
RomaniaValue of oil importsU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/20136.2025.6876.0906.2046.5317.0127.6338.306
RomaniaValue of oil exportsU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/20132.5132.5372.4792.3572.2552.1832.1432.114
RomaniaUnemployment ratePercent of total labor force Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2011
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/20137.4007.0007.0296.8906.7506.6106.4706.330
RomaniaPopulationPersonsMillionsSource: Haver Analytics. Formally, Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2011
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/201321.38421.34721.30621.26621.22521.18521.14521.105
RomaniaGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillions         
RomaniaGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP          
RomaniaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2012. Preliminary data for 2012.
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections based on discussions with the authorities and the 2013 budget passed by Parliament.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013190.650217.585230.754242.188251.331261.719273.016285.279
RomaniaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).34.24637.03836.87436.60235.88735.23034.52433.834
RomaniaCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Haver Analytics. Formally, the National Bank of Romania.
Latest actual data: 2011
BOP Manual used: BPM 6
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013-8.261-6.474-7.928-8.787-9.712-10.501-11.535-12.238
RomaniaCurrent account balancePercent of GDP See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).-4.524-3.822-4.240-4.547-4.772-4.854-4.979-4.918
TurkeyGross domestic product, constant pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: Haver Analytics. Formally, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2011. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q3.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995. Series prior to 1998 were not revised according to ESA 1995.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1998
Chain-weighted: No
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013114.889117.898121.942126.492131.979137.784143.948150.387
TurkeyGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).8.5032.6193.4293.7324.3384.3984.4734.473
TurkeyGross domestic product, current pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: Haver Analytics. Formally, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2011. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q3.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995. Series prior to 1998 were not revised according to ESA 1995.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1998
Chain-weighted: No
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/20131,298.0621,427.1071,569.9371,721.9501,882.7702,056.9242,246.3722,453.079
TurkeyGross domestic product, current pricesU.S. dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).774.336794.468851.817882.016941.3851,028.4621,123.1861,226.540
TurkeyGross domestic product per capita, constant pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).1,553.6081,574.3931,608.4951,649.0331,700.7421,755.7061,814.3811,875.775
TurkeyGross domestic product per capita, current pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).17,553.23919,057.31820,708.56622,448.41224,262.19126,210.19628,314.30930,597.320
TurkeyGross domestic product per capita, current pricesU.S. dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).10,471.06910,609.17811,236.05511,498.50112,131.09613,105.09914,157.15515,298.661
TurkeyGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDPCurrent international dollarBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).1,075.4671,123.3801,181.0121,249.4371,329.9041,417.3081,512.5111,613.664
TurkeyGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDPCurrent international dollarUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).14,543.16315,001.40615,578.37916,288.43617,137.71418,059.93719,064.38920,127.272
TurkeyGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world totalPercent See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).1.3561.3511.3541.3511.3511.3511.3521.352
TurkeyTotal investmentPercent of GDP Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2011. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q3.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995. Series prior to 1998 were not revised according to ESA 1995.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1998
Chain-weighted: No
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/201323.82020.60020.95521.91322.19122.25122.37122.492
TurkeyGross national savingsPercent of GDP Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2011. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q3.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995. Series prior to 1998 were not revised according to ESA 1995.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1998
Chain-weighted: No
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/201314.12314.69214.15714.63514.77914.69114.41714.049
TurkeyInflation, average consumer pricesIndex Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2012. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q4.
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2003
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013189.946206.874220.614232.299243.919256.115268.920282.365
TurkeyInflation, average consumer pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Inflation, average consumer prices (Index).6.4728.9126.6425.2975.0025.0005.0005.000
TurkeyInflation, end of period consumer pricesIndex Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2012. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q4.
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2003
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013200.850213.695225.449236.730248.567260.995274.044287.746
TurkeyInflation, end of period consumer pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index).10.4486.3955.5005.0045.0015.0005.0005.000
TurkeyVolume of imports of goods and servicesPercent change Source: Central Bank. Formally, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Oil trade includes other energy trade such as fuel. Therefore, the price of oil imports and oil exports will differ from the WEO assumption since it includes the price of other energy items such as gas, etc. The weights are about 70 percent oil and 30 percent gas for 2011.
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by unit value indexes (from customs data)
Formula used to derive volumes: Fisher. Trade volumes are the ratio of the value index to the Fisher unit value index (chain-weighted). The value indices are obtained as the ratio of current values to the arithmetic average of the base year values. Foreign trade indices have been calculated by Eurostat and U.N. concepts and methods.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2003. Unit value indices are chain-weighted, but volume indices are not.
Trade System: Special trade. Relaxed definition. Foreign trade statistics include goods which enter/leave the statistical territory of Turkey from/to other countries and are placed under the customs normal export and import procedures and under customs inward and outward processing procedures.
Excluded items in trade: In transit;Low valued;Other;. Excluded items include goods valued under $100, transit trade, temporary export/import trade, repair and maintenance of goods, operational leasing, shuttle trade, border trade, some transactions with declaration that are not goods (cash, valuable paper, stamps, monetary gold, etc.). Other exclusions include border and coastal trade. Customs warehouses, free zones, and duty-free shops in Turkey are considered beyond the customs frontier. Note that while Turkstat and the Central Bank of Turkey make estimates on shuttle trade for BOP data, these are not included in the foreign trade statistics disseminated by Turkstat.
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products;Secondary or refined products;Other;. All items covered.
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/201311.285-0.57011.3307.1748.53910.15410.1559.929
TurkeyVolume of Imports of goodsPercent change Source: Central Bank. Formally, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Oil trade includes other energy trade such as fuel. Therefore, the price of oil imports and oil exports will differ from the WEO assumption since it includes the price of other energy items such as gas, etc. The weights are about 70 percent oil and 30 percent gas for 2011.
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by unit value indexes (from customs data)
Formula used to derive volumes: Fisher. Trade volumes are the ratio of the value index to the Fisher unit value index (chain-weighted). The value indices are obtained as the ratio of current values to the arithmetic average of the base year values. Foreign trade indices have been calculated by Eurostat and U.N. concepts and methods.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2003. Unit value indices are chain-weighted, but volume indices are not.
Trade System: Special trade. Relaxed definition. Foreign trade statistics include goods which enter/leave the statistical territory of Turkey from/to other countries and are placed under the customs normal export and import procedures and under customs inward and outward processing procedures.
Excluded items in trade: In transit;Low valued;Other;. Excluded items include goods valued under $100, transit trade, temporary export/import trade, repair and maintenance of goods, operational leasing, shuttle trade, border trade, some transactions with declaration that are not goods (cash, valuable paper, stamps, monetary gold, etc.). Other exclusions include border and coastal trade. Customs warehouses, free zones, and duty-free shops in Turkey are considered beyond the customs frontier. Note that while Turkstat and the Central Bank of Turkey make estimates on shuttle trade for BOP data, these are not included in the foreign trade statistics disseminated by Turkstat.
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products;Secondary or refined products;Other;. All items covered.
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/201312.651-0.80911.8387.3588.87810.47410.45510.197
TurkeyVolume of exports of goods and servicesPercent change Source: Central Bank. Formally, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Oil trade includes other energy trade such as fuel. Therefore, the price of oil imports and oil exports will differ from the WEO assumption since it includes the price of other energy items such as gas, etc. The weights are about 70 percent oil and 30 percent gas for 2011.
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by unit value indexes (from customs data)
Formula used to derive volumes: Fisher. Trade volumes are the ratio of the value index to the Fisher unit value index (chain-weighted). The value indices are obtained as the ratio of current values to the arithmetic average of the base year values. Foreign trade indices have been calculated by Eurostat and U.N. concepts and methods.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2003. Unit value indices are chain-weighted, but volume indices are not.
Trade System: Special trade. Relaxed definition. Foreign trade statistics include goods which enter/leave the statistical territory of Turkey from/to other countries and are placed under the customs normal export and import procedures and under customs inward and outward processing procedures.
Excluded items in trade: In transit;Low valued;Other;. Excluded items include goods valued under $100, transit trade, temporary export/import trade, repair and maintenance of goods, operational leasing, shuttle trade, border trade, some transactions with declaration that are not goods (cash, valuable paper, stamps, monetary gold, etc.). Other exclusions include border and coastal trade. Customs warehouses, free zones, and duty-free shops in Turkey are considered beyond the customs frontier. Note that while Turkstat and the Central Bank of Turkey make estimates on shuttle trade for BOP data, these are not included in the foreign trade statistics disseminated by Turkstat.
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products;Secondary or refined products;Other;. All items covered.
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/20135.95713.3183.1424.0104.9735.3065.4215.225
TurkeyVolume of exports of goodsPercent change Source: Central Bank. Formally, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Oil trade includes other energy trade such as fuel. Therefore, the price of oil imports and oil exports will differ from the WEO assumption since it includes the price of other energy items such as gas, etc. The weights are about 70 percent oil and 30 percent gas for 2011.
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by unit value indexes (from customs data)
Formula used to derive volumes: Fisher. Trade volumes are the ratio of the value index to the Fisher unit value index (chain-weighted). The value indices are obtained as the ratio of current values to the arithmetic average of the base year values. Foreign trade indices have been calculated by Eurostat and U.N. concepts and methods.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2003. Unit value indices are chain-weighted, but volume indices are not.
Trade System: Special trade. Relaxed definition. Foreign trade statistics include goods which enter/leave the statistical territory of Turkey from/to other countries and are placed under the customs normal export and import procedures and under customs inward and outward processing procedures.
Excluded items in trade: In transit;Low valued;Other;. Excluded items include goods valued under $100, transit trade, temporary export/import trade, repair and maintenance of goods, operational leasing, shuttle trade, border trade, some transactions with declaration that are not goods (cash, valuable paper, stamps, monetary gold, etc.). Other exclusions include border and coastal trade. Customs warehouses, free zones, and duty-free shops in Turkey are considered beyond the customs frontier. Note that while Turkstat and the Central Bank of Turkey make estimates on shuttle trade for BOP data, these are not included in the foreign trade statistics disseminated by Turkstat.
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products;Secondary or refined products;Other;. All items covered.
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/20136.33616.3013.8945.4565.9015.5265.6545.754
TurkeyValue of oil importsU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Formally, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Oil trade includes other energy trade such as fuel. Therefore, the price of oil imports and oil exports will differ from the WEO assumption since it includes the price of other energy items such as gas, etc. The weights are about 70 percent oil and 30 percent gas for 2011.
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by unit value indexes (from customs data)
Formula used to derive volumes: Fisher. Trade volumes are the ratio of the value index to the Fisher unit value index (chain-weighted). The value indices are obtained as the ratio of current values to the arithmetic average of the base year values. Foreign trade indices have been calculated by Eurostat and U.N. concepts and methods.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2003. Unit value indices are chain-weighted, but volume indices are not.
Trade System: Special trade. Relaxed definition. Foreign trade statistics include goods which enter/leave the statistical territory of Turkey from/to other countries and are placed under the customs normal export and import procedures and under customs inward and outward processing procedures.
Excluded items in trade: In transit;Low valued;Other;. Excluded items include goods valued under $100, transit trade, temporary export/import trade, repair and maintenance of goods, operational leasing, shuttle trade, border trade, some transactions with declaration that are not goods (cash, valuable paper, stamps, monetary gold, etc.). Other exclusions include border and coastal trade. Customs warehouses, free zones, and duty-free shops in Turkey are considered beyond the customs frontier. Note that while Turkstat and the Central Bank of Turkey make estimates on shuttle trade for BOP data, these are not included in the foreign trade statistics disseminated by Turkstat.
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products;Secondary or refined products;Other;. All items covered.
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/201354.11860.11763.96164.39367.68273.77081.22289.027
TurkeyValue of oil exportsU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Formally, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Oil trade includes other energy trade such as fuel. Therefore, the price of oil imports and oil exports will differ from the WEO assumption since it includes the price of other energy items such as gas, etc. The weights are about 70 percent oil and 30 percent gas for 2011.
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by unit value indexes (from customs data)
Formula used to derive volumes: Fisher. Trade volumes are the ratio of the value index to the Fisher unit value index (chain-weighted). The value indices are obtained as the ratio of current values to the arithmetic average of the base year values. Foreign trade indices have been calculated by Eurostat and U.N. concepts and methods.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2003. Unit value indices are chain-weighted, but volume indices are not.
Trade System: Special trade. Relaxed definition. Foreign trade statistics include goods which enter/leave the statistical territory of Turkey from/to other countries and are placed under the customs normal export and import procedures and under customs inward and outward processing procedures.
Excluded items in trade: In transit;Low valued;Other;. Excluded items include goods valued under $100, transit trade, temporary export/import trade, repair and maintenance of goods, operational leasing, shuttle trade, border trade, some transactions with declaration that are not goods (cash, valuable paper, stamps, monetary gold, etc.). Other exclusions include border and coastal trade. Customs warehouses, free zones, and duty-free shops in Turkey are considered beyond the customs frontier. Note that while Turkstat and the Central Bank of Turkey make estimates on shuttle trade for BOP data, these are not included in the foreign trade statistics disseminated by Turkstat.
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products;Secondary or refined products;Other;. All items covered.
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/20136.5397.7088.4468.6689.0579.71510.41711.202
TurkeyUnemployment ratePercent of total labor force Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2012. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q4.
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/20139.7929.2089.3859.4759.4759.4759.4759.475
TurkeyPopulationPersonsMillionsSource: Haver Analytics. Formally, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2012
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/201373.95074.88575.81176.70777.60178.47879.33780.173
TurkeyGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2011
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections assume that current expenditures will be in line with the authorities’ 2012–14 Medium-Term Program but that capital expenditures will be exceeded, given projects initiated in 2011.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;State Government;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013406.623396.749423.704465.028503.768545.358588.078614.987
TurkeyGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).31.32527.80126.98927.00626.75726.51326.17925.070
TurkeyGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2011
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections assume that current expenditures will be in line with the authorities’ 2012–14 Medium-Term Program but that capital expenditures will be exceeded, given projects initiated in 2011.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;State Government;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013509.400519.226557.289609.261660.642716.341774.633818.613
TurkeyGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).39.24336.38335.49835.38235.08934.82634.48433.371
TurkeyCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Central Bank. Formally, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Latest actual data: 2012
BOP Manual used: BPM 5
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013-75.092-46.935-57.906-64.190-69.776-77.744-89.341-103.552
TurkeyCurrent account balancePercent of GDP See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).-9.698-5.908-6.798-7.278-7.412-7.559-7.954-8.443
Notes
  Country/Series-specific Notes  
  Bulgaria: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013


Bulgaria: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


Bulgaria: Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013


Bulgaria: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Bulgaria: Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Bulgaria: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Bulgaria: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Bulgaria: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Bulgaria: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Bulgaria: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total (Percent)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Bulgaria: Total investment (Percent of GDP)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013


Bulgaria: Gross national savings (Percent of GDP)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013


Bulgaria: Inflation, average consumer prices (Index)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: As of 1997, the consumer price index has been replaced by HICP.
Harmonized prices: Yes
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2005
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013


Bulgaria: Inflation, average consumer prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Inflation, average consumer prices (Index).


Bulgaria: Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: As of 1997, the consumer price index has been replaced by HICP.
Harmonized prices: Yes
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2005
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013


Bulgaria: Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index).


Bulgaria: Volume of imports of goods and services (Percent change)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013


Bulgaria: Volume of Imports of goods (Percent change)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013


Bulgaria: Volume of exports of goods and services (Percent change)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013


Bulgaria: Volume of exports of goods (Percent change)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013


Bulgaria: Value of oil imports (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013


Bulgaria: Value of oil exports (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013


Bulgaria: Unemployment rate (Percent of total labor force)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013


Bulgaria: Population (Persons)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013


Bulgaria: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2011
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;State Government
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013


Bulgaria: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Bulgaria: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2011
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;State Government
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013


Bulgaria: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Bulgaria: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2011
BOP Manual used: BPM 5
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian leva
Data last updated: 03/2013


Bulgaria: Current account balance (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).


Hungary: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011. Preliminary
Notes: We maintain data only after 1995, as this is what the Statistical office provides.
National accounts manual used: SNA 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005. Changes in inventories is an estimate.
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013


Hungary: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


Hungary: Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011. Preliminary
Notes: We maintain data only after 1995, as this is what the Statistical office provides.
National accounts manual used: SNA 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005. Changes in inventories is an estimate.
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013


Hungary: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Hungary: Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Hungary: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Hungary: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Hungary: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Hungary: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Hungary: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total (Percent)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Hungary: Total investment (Percent of GDP)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011. Preliminary
Notes: We maintain data only after 1995, as this is what the Statistical office provides.
National accounts manual used: SNA 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005. Changes in inventories is an estimate.
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013


Hungary: Gross national savings (Percent of GDP)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011. Preliminary
Notes: We maintain data only after 1995, as this is what the Statistical office provides.
National accounts manual used: SNA 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2005. Changes in inventories is an estimate.
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013


Hungary: Inflation, average consumer prices (Index)
Source: IFS - International Finance Statistics
Latest actual data: 2011
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2005
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013


Hungary: Inflation, average consumer prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Inflation, average consumer prices (Index).


Hungary: Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index)
Source: IFS - International Finance Statistics
Latest actual data: 2011
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2005
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013


Hungary: Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index).


Hungary: Volume of imports of goods and services (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank. The Central bank's original source is the National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Laspeyres-type
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013


Hungary: Volume of Imports of goods (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank. The Central bank's original source is the National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Laspeyres-type
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013


Hungary: Volume of exports of goods and services (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank. The Central bank's original source is the National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Laspeyres-type
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013


Hungary: Volume of exports of goods (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank. The Central bank's original source is the National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Laspeyres-type
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013


Hungary: Value of oil imports (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. The Central bank's original source is the National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Laspeyres-type
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013


Hungary: Value of oil exports (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. The Central bank's original source is the National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2010
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Laspeyres-type
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013


Hungary: Unemployment rate (Percent of total labor force)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011. Economically active population aged 15-64.
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013


Hungary: Population (Persons)
Source: National Statistical Office. Hungarian Central Statistical Office (HCSO)
Latest actual data: 2011. The HCSO updated population data in February 2012.
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013


Hungary: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2010. Preliminary
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections include IMF staff projections of the macroeconomic framework and of the impact of recent legislative measures as well as fiscal policy plans announced at the end of January 2013.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Nonfinancial Public Corporation;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013


Hungary: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Hungary: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2010. Preliminary
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections include IMF staff projections of the macroeconomic framework and of the impact of recent legislative measures as well as fiscal policy plans announced at the end of January 2013.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Nonfinancial Public Corporation;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013


Hungary: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Hungary: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2010
BOP Manual used: BPM 6. BPM6 is used for the current account but the capital and financial account still use BPM5
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 03/2013


Hungary: Current account balance (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).


Poland: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Data prior to 1995 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: Other
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013


Poland: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


Poland: Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Data prior to 1995 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: Other
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013


Poland: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Poland: Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Poland: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Poland: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Poland: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Poland: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Poland: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total (Percent)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Poland: Total investment (Percent of GDP)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Data prior to 1995 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: Other
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013


Poland: Gross national savings (Percent of GDP)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Data prior to 1995 cannot be confirmed by national sources at this time.
National accounts manual used: Other
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1995
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013


Poland: Inflation, average consumer prices (Index)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 1998
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013


Poland: Inflation, average consumer prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Inflation, average consumer prices (Index).


Poland: Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 1998
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013


Poland: Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index).


Poland: Volume of imports of goods and services (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2012
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Other
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Oil coverage: Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013


Poland: Volume of Imports of goods (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2012
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Other
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Oil coverage: Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013


Poland: Volume of exports of goods and services (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2012
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Other
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Oil coverage: Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013


Poland: Volume of exports of goods (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2012
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Other
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Oil coverage: Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013


Poland: Value of oil imports (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2012
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Other
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Oil coverage: Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013


Poland: Value of oil exports (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2012
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Formula used to derive volumes: Other
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Oil coverage: Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013


Poland: Unemployment rate (Percent of total labor force)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013


Poland: Population (Persons)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013


Poland: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2012
Fiscal assumptions: Data is on a ESA-95 (accrual) basis. Projections are based on the 2013 budget and its execution up to the third quarter of 2012. The projections take into account the diversion of contributions from the pillar II to the pillar I pension system.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013


Poland: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Poland: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2012
Fiscal assumptions: Data is on a ESA-95 (accrual) basis. Projections are based on the 2013 budget and its execution up to the third quarter of 2012. The projections take into account the diversion of contributions from the pillar II to the pillar I pension system.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013


Poland: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Poland: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2012
BOP Manual used: BPM 5
Primary domestic currency: Polish zlotys
Data last updated: 03/2013


Poland: Current account balance (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).


Romania: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Source: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat. Eurostat data is fully additive. Source provides previous year volume indices. Staff calculate real GDP based on chain-linked GDP deflators. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q3.
Latest actual data: 2012. Preliminary.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013


Romania: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


Romania: Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Source: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat. Eurostat data is fully additive. Source provides previous year volume indices. Staff calculate real GDP based on chain-linked GDP deflators. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q3.
Latest actual data: 2012. Preliminary.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013


Romania: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Romania: Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Romania: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Romania: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Romania: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Romania: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Romania: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total (Percent)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Romania: Total investment (Percent of GDP)
Source: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat. Eurostat data is fully additive. Source provides previous year volume indices. Staff calculate real GDP based on chain-linked GDP deflators. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q3.
Latest actual data: 2012. Preliminary.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013


Romania: Gross national savings (Percent of GDP)
Source: Haver Analytics. Source: Eurostat. Minor differences between National Statistical Office and Eurostat. Eurostat data is fully additive. Source provides previous year volume indices. Staff calculate real GDP based on chain-linked GDP deflators. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q3.
Latest actual data: 2012. Preliminary.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2005
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013


Romania: Inflation, average consumer prices (Index)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q4.
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013


Romania: Inflation, average consumer prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Inflation, average consumer prices (Index).


Romania: Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2012. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q4.
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2000
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013


Romania: Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index).


Romania: Volume of imports of goods and services (Percent change)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013


Romania: Volume of Imports of goods (Percent change)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013


Romania: Volume of exports of goods and services (Percent change)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013


Romania: Volume of exports of goods (Percent change)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013


Romania: Value of oil imports (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013


Romania: Value of oil exports (U.S. dollars)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2011
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Other
Oil coverage: Mineral Fuels, Lubricants and Related Materials
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Free on board (FOB)
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013


Romania: Unemployment rate (Percent of total labor force)
Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2011
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013


Romania: Population (Persons)
Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, Eurostat.
Latest actual data: 2011
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013


Romania: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2012. Preliminary data for 2012.
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections based on discussions with the authorities and the 2013 budget passed by Parliament.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013


Romania: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Romania: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, the National Bank of Romania.
Latest actual data: 2011
BOP Manual used: BPM 6
Primary domestic currency: Romanian lei
Data last updated: 03/2013


Romania: Current account balance (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).


Turkey: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2011. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q3.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995. Series prior to 1998 were not revised according to ESA 1995.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1998
Chain-weighted: No
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013


Turkey: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


Turkey: Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2011. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q3.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995. Series prior to 1998 were not revised according to ESA 1995.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1998
Chain-weighted: No
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013


Turkey: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Turkey: Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Turkey: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Turkey: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Turkey: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Turkey: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita GDP (Current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Turkey: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total (Percent)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Turkey: Total investment (Percent of GDP)
Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2011. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q3.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995. Series prior to 1998 were not revised according to ESA 1995.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1998
Chain-weighted: No
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013


Turkey: Gross national savings (Percent of GDP)
Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2011. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q3.
National accounts manual used: ESA 1995. Series prior to 1998 were not revised according to ESA 1995.
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 1998
Chain-weighted: No
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013


Turkey: Inflation, average consumer prices (Index)
Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2012. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q4.
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2003
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013


Turkey: Inflation, average consumer prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Inflation, average consumer prices (Index).


Turkey: Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index)
Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2012. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q4.
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2003
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013


Turkey: Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index).


Turkey: Volume of imports of goods and services (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank. Formally, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Oil trade includes other energy trade such as fuel. Therefore, the price of oil imports and oil exports will differ from the WEO assumption since it includes the price of other energy items such as gas, etc. The weights are about 70 percent oil and 30 percent gas for 2011.
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by unit value indexes (from customs data)
Formula used to derive volumes: Fisher. Trade volumes are the ratio of the value index to the Fisher unit value index (chain-weighted). The value indices are obtained as the ratio of current values to the arithmetic average of the base year values. Foreign trade indices have been calculated by Eurostat and U.N. concepts and methods.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2003. Unit value indices are chain-weighted, but volume indices are not.
Trade System: Special trade. Relaxed definition. Foreign trade statistics include goods which enter/leave the statistical territory of Turkey from/to other countries and are placed under the customs normal export and import procedures and under customs inward and outward processing procedures.
Excluded items in trade: In transit;Low valued;Other;. Excluded items include goods valued under $100, transit trade, temporary export/import trade, repair and maintenance of goods, operational leasing, shuttle trade, border trade, some transactions with declaration that are not goods (cash, valuable paper, stamps, monetary gold, etc.). Other exclusions include border and coastal trade. Customs warehouses, free zones, and duty-free shops in Turkey are considered beyond the customs frontier. Note that while Turkstat and the Central Bank of Turkey make estimates on shuttle trade for BOP data, these are not included in the foreign trade statistics disseminated by Turkstat.
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products;Secondary or refined products;Other;. All items covered.
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013


Turkey: Volume of Imports of goods (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank. Formally, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Oil trade includes other energy trade such as fuel. Therefore, the price of oil imports and oil exports will differ from the WEO assumption since it includes the price of other energy items such as gas, etc. The weights are about 70 percent oil and 30 percent gas for 2011.
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by unit value indexes (from customs data)
Formula used to derive volumes: Fisher. Trade volumes are the ratio of the value index to the Fisher unit value index (chain-weighted). The value indices are obtained as the ratio of current values to the arithmetic average of the base year values. Foreign trade indices have been calculated by Eurostat and U.N. concepts and methods.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2003. Unit value indices are chain-weighted, but volume indices are not.
Trade System: Special trade. Relaxed definition. Foreign trade statistics include goods which enter/leave the statistical territory of Turkey from/to other countries and are placed under the customs normal export and import procedures and under customs inward and outward processing procedures.
Excluded items in trade: In transit;Low valued;Other;. Excluded items include goods valued under $100, transit trade, temporary export/import trade, repair and maintenance of goods, operational leasing, shuttle trade, border trade, some transactions with declaration that are not goods (cash, valuable paper, stamps, monetary gold, etc.). Other exclusions include border and coastal trade. Customs warehouses, free zones, and duty-free shops in Turkey are considered beyond the customs frontier. Note that while Turkstat and the Central Bank of Turkey make estimates on shuttle trade for BOP data, these are not included in the foreign trade statistics disseminated by Turkstat.
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products;Secondary or refined products;Other;. All items covered.
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013


Turkey: Volume of exports of goods and services (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank. Formally, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Oil trade includes other energy trade such as fuel. Therefore, the price of oil imports and oil exports will differ from the WEO assumption since it includes the price of other energy items such as gas, etc. The weights are about 70 percent oil and 30 percent gas for 2011.
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by unit value indexes (from customs data)
Formula used to derive volumes: Fisher. Trade volumes are the ratio of the value index to the Fisher unit value index (chain-weighted). The value indices are obtained as the ratio of current values to the arithmetic average of the base year values. Foreign trade indices have been calculated by Eurostat and U.N. concepts and methods.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2003. Unit value indices are chain-weighted, but volume indices are not.
Trade System: Special trade. Relaxed definition. Foreign trade statistics include goods which enter/leave the statistical territory of Turkey from/to other countries and are placed under the customs normal export and import procedures and under customs inward and outward processing procedures.
Excluded items in trade: In transit;Low valued;Other;. Excluded items include goods valued under $100, transit trade, temporary export/import trade, repair and maintenance of goods, operational leasing, shuttle trade, border trade, some transactions with declaration that are not goods (cash, valuable paper, stamps, monetary gold, etc.). Other exclusions include border and coastal trade. Customs warehouses, free zones, and duty-free shops in Turkey are considered beyond the customs frontier. Note that while Turkstat and the Central Bank of Turkey make estimates on shuttle trade for BOP data, these are not included in the foreign trade statistics disseminated by Turkstat.
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products;Secondary or refined products;Other;. All items covered.
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013


Turkey: Volume of exports of goods (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank. Formally, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Oil trade includes other energy trade such as fuel. Therefore, the price of oil imports and oil exports will differ from the WEO assumption since it includes the price of other energy items such as gas, etc. The weights are about 70 percent oil and 30 percent gas for 2011.
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by unit value indexes (from customs data)
Formula used to derive volumes: Fisher. Trade volumes are the ratio of the value index to the Fisher unit value index (chain-weighted). The value indices are obtained as the ratio of current values to the arithmetic average of the base year values. Foreign trade indices have been calculated by Eurostat and U.N. concepts and methods.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2003. Unit value indices are chain-weighted, but volume indices are not.
Trade System: Special trade. Relaxed definition. Foreign trade statistics include goods which enter/leave the statistical territory of Turkey from/to other countries and are placed under the customs normal export and import procedures and under customs inward and outward processing procedures.
Excluded items in trade: In transit;Low valued;Other;. Excluded items include goods valued under $100, transit trade, temporary export/import trade, repair and maintenance of goods, operational leasing, shuttle trade, border trade, some transactions with declaration that are not goods (cash, valuable paper, stamps, monetary gold, etc.). Other exclusions include border and coastal trade. Customs warehouses, free zones, and duty-free shops in Turkey are considered beyond the customs frontier. Note that while Turkstat and the Central Bank of Turkey make estimates on shuttle trade for BOP data, these are not included in the foreign trade statistics disseminated by Turkstat.
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products;Secondary or refined products;Other;. All items covered.
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013


Turkey: Value of oil imports (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Formally, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Oil trade includes other energy trade such as fuel. Therefore, the price of oil imports and oil exports will differ from the WEO assumption since it includes the price of other energy items such as gas, etc. The weights are about 70 percent oil and 30 percent gas for 2011.
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by unit value indexes (from customs data)
Formula used to derive volumes: Fisher. Trade volumes are the ratio of the value index to the Fisher unit value index (chain-weighted). The value indices are obtained as the ratio of current values to the arithmetic average of the base year values. Foreign trade indices have been calculated by Eurostat and U.N. concepts and methods.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2003. Unit value indices are chain-weighted, but volume indices are not.
Trade System: Special trade. Relaxed definition. Foreign trade statistics include goods which enter/leave the statistical territory of Turkey from/to other countries and are placed under the customs normal export and import procedures and under customs inward and outward processing procedures.
Excluded items in trade: In transit;Low valued;Other;. Excluded items include goods valued under $100, transit trade, temporary export/import trade, repair and maintenance of goods, operational leasing, shuttle trade, border trade, some transactions with declaration that are not goods (cash, valuable paper, stamps, monetary gold, etc.). Other exclusions include border and coastal trade. Customs warehouses, free zones, and duty-free shops in Turkey are considered beyond the customs frontier. Note that while Turkstat and the Central Bank of Turkey make estimates on shuttle trade for BOP data, these are not included in the foreign trade statistics disseminated by Turkstat.
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products;Secondary or refined products;Other;. All items covered.
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013


Turkey: Value of oil exports (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Formally, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Oil trade includes other energy trade such as fuel. Therefore, the price of oil imports and oil exports will differ from the WEO assumption since it includes the price of other energy items such as gas, etc. The weights are about 70 percent oil and 30 percent gas for 2011.
Base year: 2005
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by unit value indexes (from customs data)
Formula used to derive volumes: Fisher. Trade volumes are the ratio of the value index to the Fisher unit value index (chain-weighted). The value indices are obtained as the ratio of current values to the arithmetic average of the base year values. Foreign trade indices have been calculated by Eurostat and U.N. concepts and methods.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 2003. Unit value indices are chain-weighted, but volume indices are not.
Trade System: Special trade. Relaxed definition. Foreign trade statistics include goods which enter/leave the statistical territory of Turkey from/to other countries and are placed under the customs normal export and import procedures and under customs inward and outward processing procedures.
Excluded items in trade: In transit;Low valued;Other;. Excluded items include goods valued under $100, transit trade, temporary export/import trade, repair and maintenance of goods, operational leasing, shuttle trade, border trade, some transactions with declaration that are not goods (cash, valuable paper, stamps, monetary gold, etc.). Other exclusions include border and coastal trade. Customs warehouses, free zones, and duty-free shops in Turkey are considered beyond the customs frontier. Note that while Turkstat and the Central Bank of Turkey make estimates on shuttle trade for BOP data, these are not included in the foreign trade statistics disseminated by Turkstat.
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products;Secondary or refined products;Other;. All items covered.
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013


Turkey: Unemployment rate (Percent of total labor force)
Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2012. For quarterly data, latest actual is 2012Q4.
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013


Turkey: Population (Persons)
Source: Haver Analytics. Formally, the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat)
Latest actual data: 2012
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013


Turkey: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2011
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections assume that current expenditures will be in line with the authorities’ 2012–14 Medium-Term Program but that capital expenditures will be exceeded, given projects initiated in 2011.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;State Government;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013


Turkey: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Turkey: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2011
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections assume that current expenditures will be in line with the authorities’ 2012–14 Medium-Term Program but that capital expenditures will be exceeded, given projects initiated in 2011.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;State Government;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013


Turkey: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Turkey: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Central Bank. Formally, the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Latest actual data: 2012
BOP Manual used: BPM 5
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 03/2013


Turkey: Current account balance (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).


 
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