World Economic Outlook Database, October 2014

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5. Report for Selected Countries and Subjects

You will find notes on the data and options to download the table below your results.
       Shaded cells indicate IMF staff estimates
CountrySubject DescriptorUnitsScaleCountry/Series-specific Notes20002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019
AlbaniaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: IMF Staff
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Authorities are still following GFS 86
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Other
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Albanian lek
Data last updated: 08/2014364,215384,205407,653421,371433,363468,050494,737517,031595,883682,546715,518772,735828,268948,2621006,6631056,3171090,6881113,0711117,4231106,414
AlbaniaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).69,63465,86065,46460,70857,41357,06456,07953,43156,08360,81958,81360,40962,92570,52772,10471,56069,01165,57861,29856,411
AustriaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections take into account the authorities' medium-term fiscal framework, as well as associated further implementation needs and risks. For 2014, the creation of a defeasance structure for Hypo Alpe Adria is assumed to increase the general government debt-to-GDP ratio by 5½ percentage points and the deficit by 1.2 percentage points.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014137,995143,114146,020146,859151,870157,429161,393165,024180,475191,069206,610218,631228,475233,329257,919262,194265,216267,174269,253271,337
AustriaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).66,19366,81366,21365,27264,70664,19362,30660,22363,83069,17172,45373,06274,42174,48480,11378,61676,91775,04973,30671,789
BelarusGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: 2014-2019 are IMF staff projections.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Belarusian rubel
Data last updated: 09/2014n/an/an/an/a4767,4495459,8258793,70017826,58227957,87347682,35964970,884136382,309203986,072235613,692292898,623349786,822435873,272546792,494686290,086865944,317
BelarusGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).n/an/an/an/a9,5368,39111,09418,34721,54134,69339,50245,89638,46237,00135,70435,13636,52938,44540,54842,975
BelgiumGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections reflect the authorities' 2014 budget and the 2014-2017 stability program objectives adjusted for differences in the IMF staff's macroeconomic framework and assumptions about fiscal developments in the federal, regional, and local governments.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001. ESA95 data definitions
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014272,186276,647277,716271,637273,881279,014280,402282,106308,862329,024343,725366,249380,157387,159397,182405,937412,438416,392418,083417,594
BelgiumGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).107,779106,483103,38798,36494,02491,95287,94784,00689,17096,58296,60999,185101,145101,167101,927101,725100,53698,81496,67094,154
Bosnia and HerzegovinaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance. Additional data received from the Indirect Tax Authority
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Budget, macro framework, structural reforms set by program, and WEO.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Convertible marka
Data last updated: 09/20144,0904,4544,3514,0594,0774,3884,1284,0977,7208,6989,73710,51511,49011,22612,51813,22913,63313,79713,56313,437
Bosnia and HerzegovinaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).34,68635,23031,19827,63525,48725,51521,24818,71230,89835,78539,13740,80044,64942,53946,14946,03244,58442,15038,71535,856
BulgariaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian lev
Data last updated: 07/201420,62720,78018,19416,64415,55913,38712,12011,16710,71010,64110,53211,62913,67412,81919,70120,18619,73419,73321,29921,865
BulgariaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).75,28568,58354,82046,47639,07029,43123,40518,55515,45615,57514,93715,44217,51016,41125,16325,10023,51922,34122,90822,341
CroatiaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections based on macro framework and authorities' medium-term fiscal guidelines.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Croatian kuna
Data last updated: 09/2014n/an/a72,60481,11493,126101,738103,037104,571100,634117,733138,008155,972177,308196,808213,780223,741233,228243,194253,701264,185
CroatiaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).n/an/a34,77335,43237,63838,15435,40232,85229,30435,82142,62147,44654,21960,21466,29368,48969,50469,56469,27668,999
CyprusGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: EUROSTAT
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections are on a cash basis based on the latest information on the budget, fiscal measures, and staff's macroeconomic assumptions.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Methodology is ESA 95
Basis of recording: ESA 95 for history and ESA 95 classification but on a cash basis for projections in line with the program
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;. Extra-Budgetary Funds are also part of the General Government composition.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/20145,9316,5687,2468,0938,9639,4919,4459,3078,3889,86510,67512,77815,35018,40818,50220,07520,13519,86919,76219,726
CyprusGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).60,79262,26466,52769,58771,57970,81565,44358,79648,89158,53261,32771,47686,622111,536117,414125,974122,506116,386111,120106,520
Czech RepublicGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections are based on the authorities' budget forecast for 2013-14 with adjustments for macroeconomic projections of the IMF staff. Projections for 2014 onwards are based on unchanged policies.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Czech koruna
Data last updated: 07/2014403,945584,891694,891768,223847,786885,401948,1111023,4301104,3381299,2621454,3851583,2621775,0651788,2091780,9651857,3561928,6721981,6822035,2812087,980
Czech RepublicGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).17,79723,88727,06528,57928,94328,41428,28027,94328,69634,56438,36541,41046,15446,04344,35544,36944,17143,55442,97642,342
DenmarkGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections for 2013–15 are aligned with the latest official budget estimates and the underlying economic projections, adjusted where appropriate for the IMF staff's macroeconomic assumptions. For 2016–19, the projections incorporate key features of the medium-term fiscal plan as embodied in the authorities' 2013 Convergence Program submitted to the EU.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Nominal Value debt valuation is consistent with Eurostat's definition
Primary domestic currency: Danish krone
Data last updated: 07/2014678,132661,895679,029661,263661,699583,457523,351459,934585,137677,175752,829831,147828,056826,861854,197912,658960,203994,8311019,7171038,817
DenmarkGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).52,40749,55749,46547,21045,13137,75832,07527,13133,37640,67642,77346,38745,35844,53145,07346,58947,29347,14046,48045,562
EstoniaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: The forecast, which is cash-, not accrual-, based, incorporates the authorities' 2014 budget, adjusted for newly available information and for the staff's macroeconomic scenario.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Hybrid of 1986 and 2001 manuals used
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. This is the format of data provided by the authorities.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/20140,3160,3340,4460,4900,4870,5110,5910,5920,7370,9910,9620,9961,7121,8451,9832,1192,2142,2252,1942,120
EstoniaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).5,1154,7895,7415,6305,0144,5404,3703,6464,4667,0126,5396,0739,7089,84510,18810,38510,2579,7379,0588,241
FinlandGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Based on announced policies by the authorities, adjusted for the Staff macroeconomic scenario.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Nominal Value debt valuation is consistent with Eurostat's definition
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/201457,89259,14259,56764,77867,58765,65265,69663,22563,01575,21487,14193,113103,170110,158118,149123,981129,003133,275137,670140,757
FinlandGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).42,48640,94740,17042,73842,64839,93738,05933,88632,53041,54846,57547,29751,82654,71257,92559,34859,68759,47159,17758,279
FranceGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections for 2014 reflect the budget law and measures announced in the 2014 Stability Program. For 2015–17, they are based on the 2013–17 multiyear budget and the April 2014 stability plan adjusted for differences in assumptions on macro and financial variables, and revenue projections. Historical fiscal data were revised following a May 15, 2014 revision by the statistical institute of both national accounts and fiscal accounts. Fiscal data for 2013 reflect the preliminary outturn published by the statistical institute in May 2014.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014846,500873,100931,6001025,4001099,6001166,9001171,2001230,5001337,6001512,1001615,3001738,5001855,4001939,7002039,9462133,8932216,9712284,7562331,6112357,282
FranceGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).56,99256,52558,43562,62264,27665,85363,19763,24367,01977,98380,82684,42388,73091,76995,20397,67098,93499,01797,93995,876
GermanyGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office. Data of general government gross debt comes from EUROSTAT
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: The IMF staff's projections for 2014 and beyond reflect the authorities' adopted core federal government budget plan, adjusted for the differences in the IMF staff's macroeconomic framework and assumptions about fiscal developments in state and local governments, the social insurance system, and special funds. The estimate of gross debt includes portfolios of impaired assets and noncore business transferred to institutions that are winding up, as well as other financial sector and EU support operations.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;. other refers to special funds
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/20141232,2521243,1381295,3031383,8041454,1131524,8671573,9371583,7451652,7961770,6582059,1742087,7472160,9512147,0282129,5602110,4522086,0912058,6822027,3321995,759
GermanyGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).60,18359,14460,75064,43866,22568,55268,02165,21566,81274,57982,53279,99381,04478,42775,50172,54069,34766,23863,25060,451
GreeceGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013. 2013 data are preliminary.
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections for 2014 and the medium term are consistent with the policies discussed between the IMF staff and the authorities in the context of the Extended Fund Facility.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Net debt data, including historical data, are provisional. Gross debt decreases due to privatization receipts greater than the fiscal deficit.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014140,971151,869159,214168,025183,157195,421224,204239,300263,284299,685329,515355,172303,918318,741316,974321,235316,332313,976312,958308,828
GreeceGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).103,441103,716101,66097,44498,862101,228107,469107,232112,902129,688148,329170,320157,188175,080174,247170,982160,523151,997144,612135,344
HungaryGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Economy. Ministry of National Economy; Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2013. Preliminary
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections include IMF staff projections of the macroeconomic framework and of the impact of recent legislative measures, as well as fiscal policy plans announced in the 2014 budget.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Nonmonetary Financial Public Corporations;. State Government does not apply to Hungary
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 09/20147290,0047942,9539539,98710963,71812283,12813582,51115603,95616755,47119370,39120448,17621775,20922690,68522393,40923068,24923950,18424966,85325929,56526906,44327876,30728890,259
HungaryGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).55,69552,58955,72658,51059,43961,68765,90967,04972,97779,79382,13082,10779,83979,33379,09479,17378,88378,51378,09377,701
IcelandGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2013
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Icelandic króna
Data last updated: 09/2014263,513338,891332,945333,206317,861259,184350,418372,8381041,6121317,1141428,2251617,6301645,9391605,1961624,8181755,5651725,1851748,3931765,1441781,060
IcelandGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).38,54043,90440,78039,59734,17325,26829,98628,49370,36387,92992,98799,34496,85489,86486,40388,19081,45076,91372,65068,700
IrelandGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the 2014 budget. The fiscal projections are adjusted for differences between the IMF staff's macroeconomic projections and those of the Irish authorities.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001. Data are provided with ESA 95 and mapped to GFS
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/201439,09440,52541,54043,55644,05644,32943,69047,15079,603104,540144,163169,222192,467202,920204,062209,997211,193212,846212,351210,921
IrelandGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).36,26633,43730,73030,07228,33726,20623,77623,96542,59862,18487,40998,936111,411116,093112,440111,676108,731105,820101,68497,456
ItalyGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections incorporate the government's announced fiscal policy, as outlined in the 2014 DEF adjusted for different growth outlooks and estimated impact of measures.The fiscal impact of the personal income tax credit is also included. Estimates of the cyclically adjusted balance include the expenditure to clear capital arrears in 2013, which are excluded from the structural balance. After 2014, the IMF staff projects convergence to a structural balance in line with Italy's fiscal rule, which implies corrective measures in some years, as yet unidentified.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/20141301,1211360,2281371,5951397,3711449,6061518,5561587,7811605,1261670,9931769,2261851,2171906,8461989,5002067,5002149,2172186,2272206,6862220,8462230,6502235,946
ItalyGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).108,581108,321105,355104,138103,712105,721106,346103,277106,085116,420119,288120,691126,969132,530136,718136,427134,060131,350128,668125,623
LatviaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: NAS
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Nonfinancial Public Corporation;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/20140,8291,0391,1031,3291,5251,5171,5681,6323,9366,1117,2297,6118,0428,1668,7188,9609,1159,5589,6169,865
LatviaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).12,35714,14413,59714,66014,44711,8479,9017,79317,19732,86039,74437,46936,41835,02435,98535,28534,06533,63131,86930,783
LithuaniaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections for 2014 are based on the authorities' budget after adjusting for differences in macroeconomic assumptions, and performance so far. Projections for 2015 onward are passive projections, as measures to underpin the authorities' public commitment to further consolidation have not yet been specified.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. This is the format of data presented by the authorities.
Primary domestic currency: Lithuanian litas
Data last updated: 09/201410,84211,22111,62012,03912,16213,31014,93916,69817,37527,10636,60241,89746,57746,94849,62951,79754,10056,43558,82361,104
LithuaniaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).23,56722,95622,19621,03519,30618,38317,94916,82815,52429,45338,25639,19540,95239,29739,96039,51838,85638,06137,21736,246
LuxembourgGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: These projections include assumptions on the impact of a VAT increase by 2 percentage points in 2015.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/20141,3561,4241,5171,6051,7431,8372,2662,5025,3955,5277,6727,8059,32110,51111,42312,99814,58916,36618,25220,332
LuxembourgGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).6,1666,3096,3276,2166,3526,0706,6816,67314,43615,53719,52118,70321,71823,11324,20426,45428,40830,70832,88635,208
FYR MacedoniaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Budget forecast and medium term projections.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986. Lending minus repayment is included in total expenditures
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Macedonian denar
Data last updated: 08/2014113,285114,118104,63397,96997,096116,63698,42683,77986,11399,178106,150128,492153,327169,607178,401196,070214,339230,366247,385262,474
FYR MacedoniaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).47,91648,79842,91637,91835,63739,53130,75222,95420,91524,14724,45227,94633,43235,85636,34637,53838,43338,85339,36839,274
MaltaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections are based on the latest Stability Programme Update by the authorities and budget documents, adjusted for staff's macroeconomic and other assumptions.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/20142,2192,4842,5653,0393,2493,3553,2543,3853,6333,9634,2584,6074,8715,2435,4475,6265,7625,9146,0716,234
MaltaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).53,85458,87457,85765,99469,79267,95062,48860,71560,91366,53165,92468,84970,46372,19271,90571,27270,27269,57368,96568,478
MoldovaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Various bases and  growth rates for GDP, consumption , import, wages, energy prices, demographic changes.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Moldovan leu
Data last updated: 09/201413,63314,21515,60016,00513,98113,52813,83113,14812,11717,60019,30319,88621,64923,91527,39732,98640,09948,24858,02968,267
MoldovaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).83,40874,61569,16057,94843,64735,92830,90424,60919,25729,12526,85224,14924,53823,84125,35827,98031,09934,16737,64140,552
MontenegroGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Medium-Term framework and fiscal policy
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014n/an/a1,0300,6080,7570,7000,7010,7370,8951,1401,2711,4871,7001,9352,0522,2452,4882,7422,9913,075
MontenegroGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).n/an/a75,73040,26145,30538,59032,62327,50328,99638,24940,93945,98353,97258,01860,27262,89266,62470,05572,88771,707
NetherlandsGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections for the period 2014–19 are based on the authorities' Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis budget projections, after differences in macroeconomic assumptions are adjusted for. Historical data were revised following the June 2014 Central Bureau of Statistics release of revised macro data because of the adoption of the European System of National and Regional Accounts (ESA 2010) and the revisions of data sources.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014224,862227,000234,933248,011257,380266,060255,916258,982347,525348,284372,628393,872426,143441,035451,172461,958467,890471,624479,838485,556
NetherlandsGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).50,70247,67347,60049,03049,46649,21144,62842,54554,66056,38959,00661,26266,51868,60669,41369,61568,83167,51966,68665,378
NorwayGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office and Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the authorities' 2014 amended budget. Structural and cyclically adjusted balances are based on non oil balance.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Current market value
Primary domestic currency: Norwegian krone
Data last updated: 09/2014421,919423,306527,450690,598780,240844,1841171,1841164,5511244,2581030,6721100,839796,430858,598888,848924,118963,6721006,1211053,1171103,9741157,516
NorwayGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).28,48427,54334,42243,37444,51443,09553,70450,49148,60543,26343,26728,95329,51629,51629,51629,51629,51629,51629,51629,516
PolandGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance. Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Data is on a ESA-95 (accrual) basis. Projections are based on the 2014 budget. The projections also take into account the effects of the 2014 pension changes.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Polish zloty
Data last updated: 09/2014273,832292,818340,896396,731422,386463,019506,036529,370600,845684,447777,383859,207886,873934,423842,393885,494928,058957,349986,0391013,159
PolandGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).36,78737,56242,16047,05345,68647,08847,73844,98647,10650,90754,87756,22655,55557,12549,42649,01448,45447,11445,69544,186
PortugalGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: For 2014, the general government fiscal balance projection does not include one-off transactions arising from banking support and other operations related to government-owned enterprises, pending decisions on their statistical classification by the Instituto Nacional de Estatística (INE)/Eurostat. Projections for 2014–15 remain consistent with the authorities' EU budgetary commitments, subject to additional measures to be approved in the forthcoming 2015 budget; projections thereafter are based on IMF staff estimates, under the assumption of unchanged policies.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Net debt is net of government deposits
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/201461,56968,67275,45679,91485,79496,469102,440115,786123,302141,055162,473185,241204,860213,631221,105222,247225,920229,700233,830237,651
PortugalGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).48,35951,06853,68055,70057,45962,53363,68568,38471,69483,69893,992108,248124,077128,934131,257128,722126,462124,054121,763119,315
RomaniaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: The 2014 cash deficit projection is based on the revised budget for 2014.  The 2015 cash deficit assumes an adjustment effort of 0.7 percent of GDP to reach the MTO deficit target of 1.0 percent in ESA terms. It does not reflect the potential budget cost of proposed tax cuts and tax changes as well as possible spending increases of about 1.3 percent, as the legal basis for these changes remains uncertain.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 09/201423,90532,17641,69647,74952,19050,96643,50252,91770,200119,195163,022191,423224,040247,499263,318275,892290,102301,036311,481321,540
RomaniaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).29,51827,28027,42924,18621,09817,63812,62212,72013,63923,78531,12934,34538,18339,37439,87039,63839,44338,57637,59236,509
RussiaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections for 2014–19 are based on the oil-price-based fiscal rule introduced in December 2012, with adjustments by IMF staff.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Cash is reported on a high frequency basis, accrual is reported on an annual basis with a significant lag.
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Current market value
Primary domestic currency: Russian ruble
Data last updated: 09/20144373,0804258,3044360,6344009,8933799,8333438,5002827,5002861,5003293,2004124,0005254,2006515,0007871,3009285,80011406,91412917,31013734,64214454,52315415,98816733,878
RussiaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).59,85947,61340,30530,35922,31615,91210,5048,6077,97810,62711,34611,64112,65113,91015,69516,53116,32116,07916,06116,306
SerbiaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013. Data are produced monthly. Latest data is as of November 2013.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986. Combination of GFSM1986 and GFSM2001
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;. The general government includes the social security funds, pension fund, the employment fund, health fund, and the oad company
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Serbian dinar
Data last updated: 09/2014928,492872,595790,050875,573902,487947,653828,179787,439888,7121035,4491339,7271588,2252090,1932380,7972787,1263064,6923380,2413682,0054019,9354394,198
SerbiaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).241,653114,48781,23277,77165,36456,29142,20934,58433,39338,06746,48849,49962,41865,80175,62579,61783,10985,09187,14988,931
Slovak RepublicGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Haver Analytics. Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Estimates for the general government in 2010 reflect the actual outturn. Projections for 2011 are based on actual outturn for central government only. Projections for 2012 and beyond reflects no policy change scenario.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: ESA 95
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/201415,68216,55415,78316,98819,18816,84416,77018,05318,62422,33126,99830,10637,43939,97541,13342,81943,77844,32344,96845,660
Slovak RepublicGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).50,29948,85942,88141,82942,48834,15630,48929,37827,86235,56340,97143,64852,65955,41855,65355,74054,54052,65750,87749,260
SloveniaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/20145,4846,0366,7086,9427,4257,6878,2047,9818,18012,45013,73717,01619,20425,30728,53128,51530,11931,72533,28334,828
SloveniaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).29,01128,54128,39627,04426,83326,30226,00022,70421,55434,42337,92646,15453,33670,01777,40275,55077,34578,73979,56380,167
SpainGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance. Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2013. Preliminary
Fiscal assumptions: For 2013 and beyond, fiscal projections are based on the measures specified in the Stability Program Update 2014–17; the revised fiscal policy recommendations by the European Council in June 2013; the 2014 budget plan issued in October 2013; and the 2014 budget, approved in December 2013.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: ESA95, consistent with Eurostat dataset
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014374,033378,247383,435382,032389,142392,497391,055382,307436,984565,083644,692737,334884,653960,6401019,8831069,8441111,0571143,9711169,6961191,461
SpainGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).59,37955,59252,57948,78646,25543,16539,67936,30140,17253,97761,65670,46985,94993,90598,639101,101102,143102,137101,13799,636
SwedenGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are broadly in line with the authorities' projections based on the 2014 Spring Bill. The impact of cyclical developments on the fiscal accounts is calculated using the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's latest semi-elasticity.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Nominal Value debt valuation is consistent with Eurostat's definition
Primary domestic currency: Swedish krona
Data last updated: 09/20141220,9761285,4231283,4811315,5641337,5471394,6631331,9921256,4731242,7031321,8261316,4481345,2291360,3261474,4091577,8471611,6931603,8301575,0381508,8671419,998
SwedenGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).53,89654,73652,52451,69550,26650,36045,23740,19438,78242,56039,44438,65038,32240,49542,15541,31839,28336,83033,71830,376
SwitzerlandGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2011
Fiscal assumptions: Projections for 2012–19 are based on IMF staff calculations, which incorporate measures to restore balance in the federal accounts and strengthen social security finances.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;. Other refers to Cantons.
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Swiss franc
Data last updated: 09/2014258,813263,530296,231296,530325,678336,027316,795300,633286,532276,017280,060287,542291,072290,902288,182289,111283,476277,188270,723270,723
SwitzerlandGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).59,85459,45566,30365,81269,98670,13962,35755,59050,45949,78948,90549,14449,18048,25147,16546,43344,32142,05939,95238,876
TurkeyGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections assume that both current and capital spending will be in line with the authorities' 2013–15 Medium-Term Program based on current trends and policies.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 09/2014n/a187,221259,351307,877333,248342,055352,835336,490380,067438,870465,180507,887512,208566,288593,383643,161692,834750,123805,049870,824
TurkeyGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).n/a77,93674,00067,69859,61252,71046,52439,90739,98546,07342,33539,13736,15236,26533,60033,14632,37431,88331,13030,638
UkraineGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections based on IMF staff estimates.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001. GFSM 1986 manual is used, certain expdenditure data is already in line with the GFSM2001 on cash basis.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Ukrainian hryvnia
Data last updated: 09/201477,02074,62975,72978,48985,40178,14780,54988,745194,812323,141438,493479,380527,334595,6371030,6441289,2891406,7591470,4821453,4741395,860
UkraineGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).45,28736,54933,53729,35924,74617,70214,80312,31320,54935,38040,50536,81737,36740,93967,61573,41771,13066,41458,93251,083
United KingdomGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2013
Notes: General government variables exclude the effects of temporary effect of financial interventions.
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the U.K. Treasury's 2014 Budget, published in March 2014. However, on the revenue side, the authorities' projections are adjusted for differences between IMF staff forecasts of macroeconomic variables (such as GDP growth) and the forecasts of these variables assumed in the authorities' fiscal projections. In addition, IMF staff projections exclude the temporary effects of financial sector interventions and the effect on public sector net investment during 2012–13 of transferring assets from the Royal Mail Pension Plan to the public sector. Real government consumption and investment are part of the real GDP path, which, according to the IMF staff, may or may not be the same as projected by the U.K. Office for Budget Responsibility. Transfers of profits from the Bank of England's Asset Purchases Facility affect general government net interest payments. The timing of these payments can create differences between fiscal year primary balances published by the authorities and calendar year balances shown in the WEO.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;. The concept of  state government  and  social security funds  is not applicable to the UK.
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Pound sterling
Data last updated: 09/2014399,706384,406401,456444,250489,082532,331576,306624,327758,719951,0511165,6101295,9731387,9641460,9721563,5811651,9381717,4861756,3591780,6271788,198
United KingdomGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).40,49137,25837,12138,68040,32141,69442,70643,72451,89367,10078,46084,32289,06390,58491,98293,11492,91691,07088,36984,897
Notes
  Country/Series-specific Notes  
  Albania: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: IMF Staff
Latest actual data: 2012
Notes: Authorities are still following GFS 86
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Other
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Albanian lek
Data last updated: 08/2014


Albania: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Austria: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections take into account the authorities' medium-term fiscal framework, as well as associated further implementation needs and risks. For 2014, the creation of a defeasance structure for Hypo Alpe Adria is assumed to increase the general government debt-to-GDP ratio by 5½ percentage points and the deficit by 1.2 percentage points.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Austria: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Belarus: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: 2014-2019 are IMF staff projections.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Belarusian rubel
Data last updated: 09/2014


Belarus: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Belgium: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections reflect the authorities' 2014 budget and the 2014-2017 stability program objectives adjusted for differences in the IMF staff's macroeconomic framework and assumptions about fiscal developments in the federal, regional, and local governments.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001. ESA95 data definitions
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Belgium: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Bosnia and Herzegovina: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance. Additional data received from the Indirect Tax Authority
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Budget, macro framework, structural reforms set by program, and WEO.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Convertible marka
Data last updated: 09/2014


Bosnia and Herzegovina: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Bulgaria: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds
Primary domestic currency: Bulgarian lev
Data last updated: 07/2014


Bulgaria: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Croatia: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections based on macro framework and authorities' medium-term fiscal guidelines.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Croatian kuna
Data last updated: 09/2014


Croatia: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Cyprus: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: EUROSTAT
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections are on a cash basis based on the latest information on the budget, fiscal measures, and staff's macroeconomic assumptions.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Methodology is ESA 95
Basis of recording: ESA 95 for history and ESA 95 classification but on a cash basis for projections in line with the program
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;. Extra-Budgetary Funds are also part of the General Government composition.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Cyprus: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Czech Republic: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections are based on the authorities' budget forecast for 2013-14 with adjustments for macroeconomic projections of the IMF staff. Projections for 2014 onwards are based on unchanged policies.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Czech koruna
Data last updated: 07/2014


Czech Republic: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Denmark: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections for 2013–15 are aligned with the latest official budget estimates and the underlying economic projections, adjusted where appropriate for the IMF staff's macroeconomic assumptions. For 2016–19, the projections incorporate key features of the medium-term fiscal plan as embodied in the authorities' 2013 Convergence Program submitted to the EU.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Nominal Value debt valuation is consistent with Eurostat's definition
Primary domestic currency: Danish krone
Data last updated: 07/2014


Denmark: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Estonia: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: The forecast, which is cash-, not accrual-, based, incorporates the authorities' 2014 budget, adjusted for newly available information and for the staff's macroeconomic scenario.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Hybrid of 1986 and 2001 manuals used
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. This is the format of data provided by the authorities.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Estonia: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Finland: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Based on announced policies by the authorities, adjusted for the Staff macroeconomic scenario.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Nominal Value debt valuation is consistent with Eurostat's definition
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Finland: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


France: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections for 2014 reflect the budget law and measures announced in the 2014 Stability Program. For 2015–17, they are based on the 2013–17 multiyear budget and the April 2014 stability plan adjusted for differences in assumptions on macro and financial variables, and revenue projections. Historical fiscal data were revised following a May 15, 2014 revision by the statistical institute of both national accounts and fiscal accounts. Fiscal data for 2013 reflect the preliminary outturn published by the statistical institute in May 2014.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


France: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Germany: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office. Data of general government gross debt comes from EUROSTAT
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: The IMF staff's projections for 2014 and beyond reflect the authorities' adopted core federal government budget plan, adjusted for the differences in the IMF staff's macroeconomic framework and assumptions about fiscal developments in state and local governments, the social insurance system, and special funds. The estimate of gross debt includes portfolios of impaired assets and noncore business transferred to institutions that are winding up, as well as other financial sector and EU support operations.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;. other refers to special funds
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Germany: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Greece: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013. 2013 data are preliminary.
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections for 2014 and the medium term are consistent with the policies discussed between the IMF staff and the authorities in the context of the Extended Fund Facility.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Net debt data, including historical data, are provisional. Gross debt decreases due to privatization receipts greater than the fiscal deficit.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Greece: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Hungary: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Economy. Ministry of National Economy; Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2013. Preliminary
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections include IMF staff projections of the macroeconomic framework and of the impact of recent legislative measures, as well as fiscal policy plans announced in the 2014 budget.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Nonmonetary Financial Public Corporations;. State Government does not apply to Hungary
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Hungarian forint
Data last updated: 09/2014


Hungary: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Iceland: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2013
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Icelandic króna
Data last updated: 09/2014


Iceland: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Ireland: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the 2014 budget. The fiscal projections are adjusted for differences between the IMF staff's macroeconomic projections and those of the Irish authorities.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001. Data are provided with ESA 95 and mapped to GFS
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Ireland: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Italy: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections incorporate the government's announced fiscal policy, as outlined in the 2014 DEF adjusted for different growth outlooks and estimated impact of measures.The fiscal impact of the personal income tax credit is also included. Estimates of the cyclically adjusted balance include the expenditure to clear capital arrears in 2013, which are excluded from the structural balance. After 2014, the IMF staff projects convergence to a structural balance in line with Italy's fiscal rule, which implies corrective measures in some years, as yet unidentified.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Italy: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Latvia: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: NAS
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Nonfinancial Public Corporation;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Latvia: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Lithuania: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections for 2014 are based on the authorities' budget after adjusting for differences in macroeconomic assumptions, and performance so far. Projections for 2015 onward are passive projections, as measures to underpin the authorities' public commitment to further consolidation have not yet been specified.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. This is the format of data presented by the authorities.
Primary domestic currency: Lithuanian litas
Data last updated: 09/2014


Lithuania: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Luxembourg: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: These projections include assumptions on the impact of a VAT increase by 2 percentage points in 2015.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Luxembourg: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


FYR Macedonia: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Budget forecast and medium term projections.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986. Lending minus repayment is included in total expenditures
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Macedonian denar
Data last updated: 08/2014


FYR Macedonia: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Malta: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections are based on the latest Stability Programme Update by the authorities and budget documents, adjusted for staff's macroeconomic and other assumptions.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Malta: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Moldova: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Various bases and growth rates for GDP, consumption , import, wages, energy prices, demographic changes.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Moldovan leu
Data last updated: 09/2014


Moldova: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Montenegro: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Medium-Term framework and fiscal policy
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Montenegro: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Netherlands: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections for the period 2014–19 are based on the authorities' Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis budget projections, after differences in macroeconomic assumptions are adjusted for. Historical data were revised following the June 2014 Central Bureau of Statistics release of revised macro data because of the adoption of the European System of National and Regional Accounts (ESA 2010) and the revisions of data sources.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Netherlands: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Norway: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office and Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the authorities' 2014 amended budget. Structural and cyclically adjusted balances are based on non oil balance.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Current market value
Primary domestic currency: Norwegian krone
Data last updated: 09/2014


Norway: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Poland: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance. Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Data is on a ESA-95 (accrual) basis. Projections are based on the 2014 budget. The projections also take into account the effects of the 2014 pension changes.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Polish zloty
Data last updated: 09/2014


Poland: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Portugal: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: For 2014, the general government fiscal balance projection does not include one-off transactions arising from banking support and other operations related to government-owned enterprises, pending decisions on their statistical classification by the Instituto Nacional de Estatística (INE)/Eurostat. Projections for 2014–15 remain consistent with the authorities' EU budgetary commitments, subject to additional measures to be approved in the forthcoming 2015 budget; projections thereafter are based on IMF staff estimates, under the assumption of unchanged policies.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Net debt is net of government deposits
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Portugal: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Romania: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: The 2014 cash deficit projection is based on the revised budget for 2014. The 2015 cash deficit assumes an adjustment effort of 0.7 percent of GDP to reach the MTO deficit target of 1.0 percent in ESA terms. It does not reflect the potential budget cost of proposed tax cuts and tax changes as well as possible spending increases of about 1.3 percent, as the legal basis for these changes remains uncertain.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;. Also includes Road Company and Health and Employment Funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Romanian leu
Data last updated: 09/2014


Romania: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Russia: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections for 2014–19 are based on the oil-price-based fiscal rule introduced in December 2012, with adjustments by IMF staff.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Cash is reported on a high frequency basis, accrual is reported on an annual basis with a significant lag.
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Current market value
Primary domestic currency: Russian ruble
Data last updated: 09/2014


Russia: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Serbia: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013. Data are produced monthly. Latest data is as of November 2013.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986. Combination of GFSM1986 and GFSM2001
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;. The general government includes the social security funds, pension fund, the employment fund, health fund, and the oad company
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Serbian dinar
Data last updated: 09/2014


Serbia: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Slovak Republic: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Haver Analytics. Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Estimates for the general government in 2010 reflect the actual outturn. Projections for 2011 are based on actual outturn for central government only. Projections for 2012 and beyond reflects no policy change scenario.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: ESA 95
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Slovak Republic: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Slovenia: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 1986
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Slovenia: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Spain: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance. Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2013. Preliminary
Fiscal assumptions: For 2013 and beyond, fiscal projections are based on the measures specified in the Stability Program Update 2014–17; the revised fiscal policy recommendations by the European Council in June 2013; the 2014 budget plan issued in October 2013; and the 2014 budget, approved in December 2013.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: ESA95, consistent with Eurostat dataset
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2014


Spain: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Sweden: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are broadly in line with the authorities' projections based on the 2014 Spring Bill. The impact of cyclical developments on the fiscal accounts is calculated using the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's latest semi-elasticity.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Nominal Value debt valuation is consistent with Eurostat's definition
Primary domestic currency: Swedish krona
Data last updated: 09/2014


Sweden: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Switzerland: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2011
Fiscal assumptions: Projections for 2012–19 are based on IMF staff calculations, which incorporate measures to restore balance in the federal accounts and strengthen social security finances.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;. Other refers to Cantons.
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Swiss franc
Data last updated: 09/2014


Switzerland: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Turkey: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections assume that both current and capital spending will be in line with the authorities' 2013–15 Medium-Term Program based on current trends and policies.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Turkish lira
Data last updated: 09/2014


Turkey: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Ukraine: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance
Latest actual data: 2013
Fiscal assumptions: Projections based on IMF staff estimates.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001. GFSM 1986 manual is used, certain expdenditure data is already in line with the GFSM2001 on cash basis.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Ukrainian hryvnia
Data last updated: 09/2014


Ukraine: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


United Kingdom: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistical Office
Latest actual data: 2013
Notes: General government variables exclude the effects of temporary effect of financial interventions.
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the U.K. Treasury's 2014 Budget, published in March 2014. However, on the revenue side, the authorities' projections are adjusted for differences between IMF staff forecasts of macroeconomic variables (such as GDP growth) and the forecasts of these variables assumed in the authorities' fiscal projections. In addition, IMF staff projections exclude the temporary effects of financial sector interventions and the effect on public sector net investment during 2012–13 of transferring assets from the Royal Mail Pension Plan to the public sector. Real government consumption and investment are part of the real GDP path, which, according to the IMF staff, may or may not be the same as projected by the U.K. Office for Budget Responsibility. Transfers of profits from the Bank of England's Asset Purchases Facility affect general government net interest payments. The timing of these payments can create differences between fiscal year primary balances published by the authorities and calendar year balances shown in the WEO.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: 2001
Basis of recording: Noncash (accrual)
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;. The concept of state government and social security funds is not applicable to the UK.
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Pound sterling
Data last updated: 09/2014


United Kingdom: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


 
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