World Economic Outlook Database, April 2016

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5. Report for Selected Countries and Subjects

You will find notes on the data and options to download the table below your results.
       Shaded cells indicate IMF staff estimates
CountrySubject DescriptorUnitsScaleCountry/Series-specific Notes2010201120122013201420152016
AustriaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-4.448-2.557-2.170-1.265-2.691-1.600-1.813
BelgiumGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-3.970-4.103-4.150-2.909-3.111-2.764-2.756
CyprusGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-4.768-5.740-5.803-4.413-0.228-1.6740.093
EstoniaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).0.1871.028-0.412-0.2950.7510.5340.544
FinlandGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-2.621-1.015-2.121-2.511-3.311-3.350-2.812
FranceGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-6.795-5.097-4.813-4.082-3.945-3.647-3.376
GermanyGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-4.063-0.8610.0950.1480.3060.6410.094
GreeceGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-11.208-10.243-6.498-2.952-3.942-4.211n/a
IrelandGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-32.178-12.411-7.950-5.554-3.877-1.589-0.409
ItalyGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-4.246-3.478-2.942-2.917-3.026-2.634-2.687
LatviaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-6.486-3.1010.084-0.564-1.692-1.523-1.266
LithuaniaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-6.901-8.947-3.148-2.620-0.667-0.692-1.197
LuxembourgGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.5390.4790.1640.6881.4371.0070.896
MaltaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-3.197-2.583-3.565-2.595-2.084-1.466-1.22
NetherlandsGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-4.972-4.289-3.883-2.382-2.357-1.908-1.746
PortugalGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-11.171-7.383-5.659-4.842-7.176-4.389-2.912
Slovak RepublicGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-7.468-4.095-4.197-2.605-2.776-2.681-2.203
SloveniaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-5.237-5.499-3.143-13.891-5.816-3.344-2.743
SpainGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-9.385-9.460-10.443-6.908-5.889-4.548-3.385
AustriaGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: For 2014, the creation of a defeasance structure for Hypo Alpe Adria is assumed to have increased the general government debt-to-GDP ratio by 4.2 percentage points, and the deficit effect arising from Hypo is assumed at 1.4 percentage points.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016n/an/a157.050158.800156.971161.260164.580
BelgiumGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Projections reflect IMF staff’s assessment of policies and measures laid out in the 2016 budget and 2015-18 stability program, incorporated into the IMF staff’s macroeconomic framework.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. ESA 2010 data definitions
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016217.278230.241241.766249.272253.184261.510273.054
CyprusGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillions        
EstoniaGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: The forecast, which is cash-, not accrual-, based, incorporates the authorities’ 2014 budget, adjusted for newly available information and for the staff’s macroeconomic scenario.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Hybrid of 1986 and 2001 manuals used
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. This is the format of data provided by the authorities.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016-1.170-1.009-0.462-0.277-0.262-0.262-0.262
FinlandGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Based on announced policies by the authorities, adjusted for the Staff macroeconomic scenario.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Nominal Value debt valuation is consistent with Eurostat's definition
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016-115.553-96.027-100.497-109.533-102.736-95.803-89.864
FranceGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Projections for 2016 reflect the budget law. For 2017–18, they are based on the multiyear budget and the April 2015 Stability Program adjusted for differences in assumptions on macro and financial variables, and revenue projections. Historical fiscal data reflect the May 2015 revision and update of the fiscal accounts and national accounts.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/20161,473.8001,572.9001,704.8801,790.1951,873.3701,943.9142,008.302
GermanyGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistics Office. Data of general government gross debt comes from EUROSTAT
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: The IMF staff’s projections for 2016 and beyond reflect the authorities’ adopted core federal government budget plan and the 2015 German Stability Programme, adjusted for the differences in the IMF staff’s macroeconomic framework. The estimate of gross debt includes portfolios of impaired assets and noncore business transferred to institutions that are winding up, as well as other financial sector and EU support operations.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;. other refers to special funds
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/20161,462.7221,487.7391,498.7631,507.4381,511.8091,475.7201,457.781
GreeceGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: For 2015, data reflects the IMF staff's preliminary estimates of the fiscal outturn, which are subject to revision, given high uncertainty regarding potentially significant accrual adjustments. Fiscal projections are not available at this time, given ongoing negotiations with the authorities and European partners on the fiscal targets and underlying fiscal measures that could be included in a potential new adjustment program.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 1986
Basis of recording: Accrual. Data in line with ESA-2010.
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. General debt data, including historical data, are provisional and subject to revisions.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016n/an/a296.779314.059313.039310.799n/a
IrelandGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the 2015 budget. The fiscal projections are adjusted for differences between the IMF staff’s macroeconomic projections and those of the Irish authorities.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Data are provided with ESA 2010 and mapped to GFS
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016110.711134.953151.531160.898166.060164.830164.053
ItalyGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: IMF staff estimates and projections are based on the fiscal plans included in the government's 2016 budget. Estimates of the cyclically adjusted balance include the expenditure to clear capital arrears in 2013, which are excluded from the structural balance. After 2016, the IMF staff projects convergence to a structural balance in line with Italy’s fiscal rule, which implies corrective measures in some years, as yet unidentified.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/20161,577.8161,643.8921,691.8441,760.4391,814.7641,823.5621,860.842
LatviaGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2015
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: NAS
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Nonfinancial Public Corporation;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/20165.1616.0986.4777.4788.3927.7828.098
LithuaniaGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections for 2015 are based on the authorities’ budget after adjusting for differences in macroeconomic assumptions, and performance so far. Projections for 2016 onward are passive projections, as measures to underpin the authorities' public commitment to further consolidation have not yet been specified.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. This is the format of data presented by the authorities.
Primary domestic currency: European euro
Data last updated: 03/20168.92210.47811.36512.49514.41614.73915.267
LuxembourgGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillions        
MaltaGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillions        
NetherlandsGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections for the period 2016–21 are based on the authorities’ Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis budget projections, after differences in macroeconomic assumptions are adjusted for. Historical data were revised following the June 2014 Central Bureau of Statistics release of revised macro data because of the adoption of the European System of National and Regional Accounts (ESA 2010) and the revisions of data sources.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016147.306172.145182.678202.787218.410231.108243.093
PortugalGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: The estimate for 2015 reflects the cash outturn and Jan-Sep execution data on a national accounts basis; the projection for 2016 reflects the authorities’ proposed budget and the IMF staff’s macroeconomic forecast.  Projections thereafter are based on the assumption of unchanged policies.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Net debt is net of government deposits
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016164.860177.661195.117201.669208.195217.709223.285
Slovak RepublicGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillions        
SloveniaGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillions        
SpainGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury. Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: 2015 and beyond, fiscal estimates and projections are based on measures specified in the Stability Programme Update 2015–2018, and other measures included in the 2016 budget approved in October 2015, and the 2015 budget approved in December 2014.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. ESA10, consistent with Eurostat dataset
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016351.130420.874543.285617.300666.318702.457740.324
AustriaGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).n/an/a49.53449.18347.66947.82947.505
BelgiumGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).59.51260.73362.40463.47763.19463.81965.187
CyprusGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP         
EstoniaGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).-7.946-6.051-2.568-1.457-1.312-1.280-1.220
FinlandGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).-61.760-48.777-50.301-53.867-50.050-46.286-42.549
FranceGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).73.74676.38181.69384.58087.85189.07590.500
GermanyGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).56.69355.03854.40453.44051.85248.77046.692
GreeceGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).n/an/a155.216174.101176.301176.567n/a
IrelandGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).66.63077.58686.66689.66387.84176.80071.566
ItalyGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).98.336100.393104.871109.720112.587111.439111.800
LatviaGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).28.80030.12029.69732.85235.58831.92731.920
LithuaniaGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).31.83233.51534.09435.73939.55639.63139.413
LuxembourgGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP         
MaltaGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP         
NetherlandsGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).23.32626.77528.31531.15732.95434.72935.409
PortugalGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).91.625100.849115.867118.441120.034121.347120.927
Slovak RepublicGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP         
SloveniaGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP         
SpainGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).32.48539.31952.09559.85863.99864.97166.187
AustriaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: For 2014, the creation of a defeasance structure for Hypo Alpe Adria is assumed to have increased the general government debt-to-GDP ratio by 4.2 percentage points, and the deficit effect arising from Hypo is assumed at 1.4 percentage points.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016242.442253.293258.850260.925277.383290.549296.329
BelgiumGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Projections reflect IMF staff’s assessment of policies and measures laid out in the 2016 budget and 2015-18 stability program, incorporated into the IMF staff’s macroeconomic framework.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. ESA 2010 data definitions
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016363.698387.620403.147412.556427.307435.633447.177
CyprusGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: EUROSTAT until 2013. CYSTAT thereafter. The fiscal balances in 2014 exclude the Euro 1.5 billion coop recapitalizations to better capture the underlying fiscal position.
Latest actual data: 2015. The fiscal balances in 2015 exclude the 0.175 billion coop recapitalization to better capture the underlying fiscal position.
Fiscal assumptions: Projections are on a cash basis and are based on budget execution, fiscal measures, and staff's macroeconomic assumptions data.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: ESA 2010
Basis of recording: ESA 2010 accrual basis for history until 2012 and ESA 2010 classification but on a cash basis.
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;. Extra-Budgetary Funds and entities referred as semi-public entities in the national classification are also covered as part of the Central Government fiscal information.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/201610.77012.86915.43118.51918.81918.93017.689
EstoniaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: The forecast, which is cash-, not accrual-, based, incorporates the authorities’ 2014 budget, adjusted for newly available information and for the staff’s macroeconomic scenario.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Hybrid of 1986 and 2001 manuals used
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. This is the format of data provided by the authorities.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/20160.9640.9861.7131.8892.0722.0722.072
FinlandGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Based on announced policies by the authorities, adjusted for the Staff macroeconomic scenario.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Nominal Value debt valuation is consistent with Eurostat's definition
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/201688.16095.490105.667112.707121.713129.180135.891
FranceGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Projections for 2016 reflect the budget law. For 2017–18, they are based on the multiyear budget and the April 2015 Stability Program adjusted for differences in assumptions on macro and financial variables, and revenue projections. Historical fiscal data reflect the May 2015 revision and update of the fiscal accounts and national accounts.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/20161,627.9001,749.4001,865.8001,953.4002,037.8002,112.1892,179.415
GermanyGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistics Office. Data of general government gross debt comes from EUROSTAT
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: The IMF staff’s projections for 2016 and beyond reflect the authorities’ adopted core federal government budget plan and the 2015 German Stability Programme, adjusted for the differences in the IMF staff’s macroeconomic framework. The estimate of gross debt includes portfolios of impaired assets and noncore business transferred to institutions that are winding up, as well as other financial sector and EU support operations.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;. other refers to special funds
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/20162,090.0372,118.5352,195.8192,181.9242,184.3252,148.2362,130.297
GreeceGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: For 2015, data reflects the IMF staff's preliminary estimates of the fiscal outturn, which are subject to revision, given high uncertainty regarding potentially significant accrual adjustments. Fiscal projections are not available at this time, given ongoing negotiations with the authorities and European partners on the fiscal targets and underlying fiscal measures that could be included in a potential new adjustment program.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 1986
Basis of recording: Accrual. Data in line with ESA-2010.
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. General debt data, including historical data, are provisional and subject to revisions.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016329.515355.172303.918319.178316.757314.018n/a
IrelandGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the 2015 budget. The fiscal projections are adjusted for differences between the IMF staff’s macroeconomic projections and those of the Irish authorities.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Data are provided with ESA 2010 and mapped to GFS
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016144.227190.123210.238215.333203.187204.363203.112
ItalyGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: IMF staff estimates and projections are based on the fiscal plans included in the government's 2016 budget. Estimates of the cyclically adjusted balance include the expenditure to clear capital arrears in 2013, which are excluded from the structural balance. After 2016, the IMF staff projects convergence to a structural balance in line with Italy’s fiscal rule, which implies corrective measures in some years, as yet unidentified.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/20161,851.2561,907.6251,988.9012,068.7222,136.0152,169.8552,214.214
LatviaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2015
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: NAS
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Nonfinancial Public Corporation;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/20167.2297.6118.0428.1669.0908.4898.816
LithuaniaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections for 2015 are based on the authorities’ budget after adjusting for differences in macroeconomic assumptions, and performance so far. Projections for 2016 onward are passive projections, as measures to underpin the authorities' public commitment to further consolidation have not yet been specified.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. This is the format of data presented by the authorities.
Primary domestic currency: European euro
Data last updated: 03/201610.16811.65413.26513.55015.47115.79416.322
LuxembourgGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: These projections include assumptions based on the 2015 budget and the medium-term projections presented in April-May 2015.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/20167.7328.0739.58110.86011.21011.27911.757
MaltaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: NSO data via Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: Projections are based on the latest Stability Programme Update by the authorities and budget documents, adjusted for staff's macroeconomic and other assumptions.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/20164.4634.8094.8735.2455.4225.6275.866
NetherlandsGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections for the period 2016–21 are based on the authorities’ Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis budget projections, after differences in macroeconomic assumptions are adjusted for. Historical data were revised following the June 2014 Central Bureau of Statistics release of revised macro data because of the adoption of the European System of National and Regional Accounts (ESA 2010) and the revisions of data sources.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016372.627396.421428.591442.197452.056449.939456.955
PortugalGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: The estimate for 2015 reflects the cash outturn and Jan-Sep execution data on a national accounts basis; the projection for 2016 reflects the authorities’ proposed budget and the IMF staff’s macroeconomic forecast.  Projections thereafter are based on the assumption of unchanged policies.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Net debt is net of government deposits
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016173.062196.231212.535219.649225.767231.052236.228
Slovak RepublicGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2015
Notes: fiscal data comply with ESA2010
Fiscal assumptions: Projections for 2015 are based on the authorities’ 2015 budget as approved by parliament and subsequent changes. Projections for 2016 take into account draft budget presented by the authorities. Projections for 2017 and beyond reflect no policy change scenario.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/201627.50430.48037.61440.28440.29741.09242.154
SloveniaGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2015
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 1986
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/201613.73717.01619.20425.30730.13332.09531.812
SpainGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury. Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: 2015 and beyond, fiscal estimates and projections are based on measures specified in the Stability Programme Update 2015–2018, and other measures included in the 2016 budget approved in October 2015, and the 2015 budget approved in December 2014.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. ESA10, consistent with Eurostat dataset
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016649.259743.530890.726966.0411,033.7371,069.8761,107.743
AustriaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).82.28882.07081.64280.81284.23586.17585.534
BelgiumGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).99.616102.246104.060105.057106.655106.313106.756
CyprusGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).56.33365.83779.260102.514108.192108.66599.252
EstoniaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).6.5505.9139.5169.93510.38110.1299.652
FinlandGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).47.11948.50452.88855.42859.29562.41264.343
FranceGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).81.45784.95289.40492.29195.56196.78698.210
GermanyGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).81.00778.37479.70777.35174.91770.99568.232
GreeceGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).145.783171.557158.950176.938178.396178.396n/a
IrelandGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).86.801109.304120.242119.998107.48095.22088.606
ItalyGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).115.378116.499123.284128.934132.517132.602133.031
LatviaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).40.34037.59436.87335.87438.54834.82734.753
LithuaniaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).36.28037.27739.79338.75642.45142.46842.137
LuxembourgGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).19.56119.11821.98723.33422.92521.79521.700
MaltaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).67.63169.9167.50568.56167.06363.96462.923
NetherlandsGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).59.00661.65966.43167.94168.20767.61366.561
PortugalGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).96.183111.390126.210129.001130.165128.785127.937
Slovak RepublicGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).40.81543.26951.93854.56053.33152.63452.141
SloveniaGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).37.89246.11953.36270.47980.77883.26980.686
SpainGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).60.06669.46285.41193.67599.28798.95499.035
Notes
  Country/Series-specific Notes  
  Austria: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Belgium: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Cyprus: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Estonia: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Finland: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


France: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Germany: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Greece: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Ireland: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Italy: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Latvia: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Lithuania: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Luxembourg: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Malta: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Netherlands: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Portugal: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Slovak Republic: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Slovenia: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Spain: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Austria: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: For 2014, the creation of a defeasance structure for Hypo Alpe Adria is assumed to have increased the general government debt-to-GDP ratio by 4.2 percentage points, and the deficit effect arising from Hypo is assumed at 1.4 percentage points.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Belgium: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Projections reflect IMF staff’s assessment of policies and measures laid out in the 2016 budget and 2015-18 stability program, incorporated into the IMF staff’s macroeconomic framework.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. ESA 2010 data definitions
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Estonia: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: The forecast, which is cash-, not accrual-, based, incorporates the authorities’ 2014 budget, adjusted for newly available information and for the staff’s macroeconomic scenario.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Hybrid of 1986 and 2001 manuals used
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. This is the format of data provided by the authorities.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Finland: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Based on announced policies by the authorities, adjusted for the Staff macroeconomic scenario.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Nominal Value debt valuation is consistent with Eurostat's definition
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


France: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Projections for 2016 reflect the budget law. For 2017–18, they are based on the multiyear budget and the April 2015 Stability Program adjusted for differences in assumptions on macro and financial variables, and revenue projections. Historical fiscal data reflect the May 2015 revision and update of the fiscal accounts and national accounts.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Germany: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistics Office. Data of general government gross debt comes from EUROSTAT
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: The IMF staff’s projections for 2016 and beyond reflect the authorities’ adopted core federal government budget plan and the 2015 German Stability Programme, adjusted for the differences in the IMF staff’s macroeconomic framework. The estimate of gross debt includes portfolios of impaired assets and noncore business transferred to institutions that are winding up, as well as other financial sector and EU support operations.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;. other refers to special funds
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Greece: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: For 2015, data reflects the IMF staff's preliminary estimates of the fiscal outturn, which are subject to revision, given high uncertainty regarding potentially significant accrual adjustments. Fiscal projections are not available at this time, given ongoing negotiations with the authorities and European partners on the fiscal targets and underlying fiscal measures that could be included in a potential new adjustment program.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 1986
Basis of recording: Accrual. Data in line with ESA-2010.
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. General debt data, including historical data, are provisional and subject to revisions.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Ireland: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the 2015 budget. The fiscal projections are adjusted for differences between the IMF staff’s macroeconomic projections and those of the Irish authorities.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Data are provided with ESA 2010 and mapped to GFS
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Italy: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: IMF staff estimates and projections are based on the fiscal plans included in the government's 2016 budget. Estimates of the cyclically adjusted balance include the expenditure to clear capital arrears in 2013, which are excluded from the structural balance. After 2016, the IMF staff projects convergence to a structural balance in line with Italy’s fiscal rule, which implies corrective measures in some years, as yet unidentified.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Latvia: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2015
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: NAS
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Nonfinancial Public Corporation;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Lithuania: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections for 2015 are based on the authorities’ budget after adjusting for differences in macroeconomic assumptions, and performance so far. Projections for 2016 onward are passive projections, as measures to underpin the authorities' public commitment to further consolidation have not yet been specified.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. This is the format of data presented by the authorities.
Primary domestic currency: European euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Netherlands: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections for the period 2016–21 are based on the authorities’ Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis budget projections, after differences in macroeconomic assumptions are adjusted for. Historical data were revised following the June 2014 Central Bureau of Statistics release of revised macro data because of the adoption of the European System of National and Regional Accounts (ESA 2010) and the revisions of data sources.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Portugal: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: The estimate for 2015 reflects the cash outturn and Jan-Sep execution data on a national accounts basis; the projection for 2016 reflects the authorities’ proposed budget and the IMF staff’s macroeconomic forecast. Projections thereafter are based on the assumption of unchanged policies.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Net debt is net of government deposits
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Spain: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury. Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: 2015 and beyond, fiscal estimates and projections are based on measures specified in the Stability Programme Update 2015–2018, and other measures included in the 2016 budget approved in October 2015, and the 2015 budget approved in December 2014.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. ESA10, consistent with Eurostat dataset
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Austria: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Belgium: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Estonia: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Finland: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


France: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Germany: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Greece: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Ireland: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Italy: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Latvia: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Lithuania: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Netherlands: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Portugal: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Spain: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Austria: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: For 2014, the creation of a defeasance structure for Hypo Alpe Adria is assumed to have increased the general government debt-to-GDP ratio by 4.2 percentage points, and the deficit effect arising from Hypo is assumed at 1.4 percentage points.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Belgium: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Projections reflect IMF staff’s assessment of policies and measures laid out in the 2016 budget and 2015-18 stability program, incorporated into the IMF staff’s macroeconomic framework.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. ESA 2010 data definitions
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Cyprus: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: EUROSTAT until 2013. CYSTAT thereafter. The fiscal balances in 2014 exclude the Euro 1.5 billion coop recapitalizations to better capture the underlying fiscal position.
Latest actual data: 2015. The fiscal balances in 2015 exclude the 0.175 billion coop recapitalization to better capture the underlying fiscal position.
Fiscal assumptions: Projections are on a cash basis and are based on budget execution, fiscal measures, and staff's macroeconomic assumptions data.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: ESA 2010
Basis of recording: ESA 2010 accrual basis for history until 2012 and ESA 2010 classification but on a cash basis.
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;. Extra-Budgetary Funds and entities referred as semi-public entities in the national classification are also covered as part of the Central Government fiscal information.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Estonia: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: The forecast, which is cash-, not accrual-, based, incorporates the authorities’ 2014 budget, adjusted for newly available information and for the staff’s macroeconomic scenario.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Hybrid of 1986 and 2001 manuals used
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. This is the format of data provided by the authorities.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Finland: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Based on announced policies by the authorities, adjusted for the Staff macroeconomic scenario.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Nominal Value debt valuation is consistent with Eurostat's definition
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


France: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Projections for 2016 reflect the budget law. For 2017–18, they are based on the multiyear budget and the April 2015 Stability Program adjusted for differences in assumptions on macro and financial variables, and revenue projections. Historical fiscal data reflect the May 2015 revision and update of the fiscal accounts and national accounts.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Germany: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistics Office. Data of general government gross debt comes from EUROSTAT
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: The IMF staff’s projections for 2016 and beyond reflect the authorities’ adopted core federal government budget plan and the 2015 German Stability Programme, adjusted for the differences in the IMF staff’s macroeconomic framework. The estimate of gross debt includes portfolios of impaired assets and noncore business transferred to institutions that are winding up, as well as other financial sector and EU support operations.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;. other refers to special funds
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Greece: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: For 2015, data reflects the IMF staff's preliminary estimates of the fiscal outturn, which are subject to revision, given high uncertainty regarding potentially significant accrual adjustments. Fiscal projections are not available at this time, given ongoing negotiations with the authorities and European partners on the fiscal targets and underlying fiscal measures that could be included in a potential new adjustment program.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 1986
Basis of recording: Accrual. Data in line with ESA-2010.
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. General debt data, including historical data, are provisional and subject to revisions.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Ireland: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections are based on the 2015 budget. The fiscal projections are adjusted for differences between the IMF staff’s macroeconomic projections and those of the Irish authorities.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. Data are provided with ESA 2010 and mapped to GFS
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Italy: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: IMF staff estimates and projections are based on the fiscal plans included in the government's 2016 budget. Estimates of the cyclically adjusted balance include the expenditure to clear capital arrears in 2013, which are excluded from the structural balance. After 2016, the IMF staff projects convergence to a structural balance in line with Italy’s fiscal rule, which implies corrective measures in some years, as yet unidentified.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Latvia: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2015
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: NAS
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Nonfinancial Public Corporation;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Lithuania: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections for 2015 are based on the authorities’ budget after adjusting for differences in macroeconomic assumptions, and performance so far. Projections for 2016 onward are passive projections, as measures to underpin the authorities' public commitment to further consolidation have not yet been specified.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. This is the format of data presented by the authorities.
Primary domestic currency: European euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Luxembourg: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: These projections include assumptions based on the 2015 budget and the medium-term projections presented in April-May 2015.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Malta: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: NSO data via Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: Projections are based on the latest Stability Programme Update by the authorities and budget documents, adjusted for staff's macroeconomic and other assumptions.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Netherlands: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2015
Fiscal assumptions: Fiscal projections for the period 2016–21 are based on the authorities’ Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis budget projections, after differences in macroeconomic assumptions are adjusted for. Historical data were revised following the June 2014 Central Bureau of Statistics release of revised macro data because of the adoption of the European System of National and Regional Accounts (ESA 2010) and the revisions of data sources.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Portugal: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: The estimate for 2015 reflects the cash outturn and Jan-Sep execution data on a national accounts basis; the projection for 2016 reflects the authorities’ proposed budget and the IMF staff’s macroeconomic forecast. Projections thereafter are based on the assumption of unchanged policies.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;Other;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value. Net debt is net of government deposits
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Slovak Republic: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2015
Notes: fiscal data comply with ESA2010
Fiscal assumptions: Projections for 2015 are based on the authorities’ 2015 budget as approved by parliament and subsequent changes. Projections for 2016 take into account draft budget presented by the authorities. Projections for 2017 and beyond reflect no policy change scenario.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Slovenia: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury
Latest actual data: 2015
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 1986
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Spain: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury. Eurostat
Latest actual data: 2014
Fiscal assumptions: 2015 and beyond, fiscal estimates and projections are based on measures specified in the Stability Programme Update 2015–2018, and other measures included in the 2016 budget approved in October 2015, and the 2015 budget approved in December 2014.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2001. ESA10, consistent with Eurostat dataset
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government;State Government;Local Government;Social Security Funds;
Valuation of public debt: Nominal value
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 03/2016


Austria: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Belgium: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Cyprus: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Estonia: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Finland: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


France: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Germany: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Greece: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Ireland: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Italy: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Latvia: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Lithuania: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Luxembourg: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Malta: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Netherlands: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Portugal: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Slovak Republic: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Slovenia: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Spain: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


 
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