World Economic Outlook Database, April 2018

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5. Report for Selected Countries and Subjects

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       Shaded cells indicate IMF staff estimates
CountrySubject DescriptorUnitsScaleCountry/Series-specific Notes20162017201820192020202120222023
ChinaGross domestic product, current pricesU.S. dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).11,221.83612,014.61014,092.51415,543.70516,952.00818,401.83919,925.39921,573.912
ChinaGeneral government revenueNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury. Ministry of Finance (data retrieved from CEIC) and National Audit Office (NAO) (data obtained from NAO audit report)
Latest actual data: 2017. Headline data (e.g., revenue and expenditure) is updated to 2015 number, but actual data of some detailed components (e.g. interest payment) is not available for 2015
Notes: Fiscal Balance: Data differ from official figures released by China’s Ministry of Finance mainly because of a difference in treatment of net contributions to the other accounts (e.g. Budget Stabilization Fund). General Government Debt: Data differ from official figures released by China’s Ministry of Finance because IMF numbers include, from 2010 onward, the stock of local government debt outstanding as reported in the June 2011 National Audit Office Report. For subsequent years, we have followed the amortization schedule outlined in the same report.
Fiscal assumptions: The pace of fiscal consolidation is likely to be more gradual, reflecting reforms to strengthen social safety nets and the social security system announced as part of the Third Plenum reform agenda.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Authorities do not publish in GFS Manual 2001. Data estimated by staff.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;. Includes adjustments of stabilization fund, social security fund, and government-managed funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Securities Other than Shares;Loans;Other Accounts Receivable/Payable
Primary domestic currency: Chinese yuan
Data last updated: 04/201821,047.93422,387.22524,337.14126,415.48628,389.12630,630.33232,898.52535,305.840
ChinaGeneral government revenuePercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government revenue (National currency).28.22827.56927.47727.36327.05226.95826.82526.678
ChinaGeneral government total expenditureNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury. Ministry of Finance (data retrieved from CEIC) and National Audit Office (NAO) (data obtained from NAO audit report)
Latest actual data: 2017. Headline data (e.g., revenue and expenditure) is updated to 2015 number, but actual data of some detailed components (e.g. interest payment) is not available for 2015
Notes: Fiscal Balance: Data differ from official figures released by China’s Ministry of Finance mainly because of a difference in treatment of net contributions to the other accounts (e.g. Budget Stabilization Fund). General Government Debt: Data differ from official figures released by China’s Ministry of Finance because IMF numbers include, from 2010 onward, the stock of local government debt outstanding as reported in the June 2011 National Audit Office Report. For subsequent years, we have followed the amortization schedule outlined in the same report.
Fiscal assumptions: The pace of fiscal consolidation is likely to be more gradual, reflecting reforms to strengthen social safety nets and the social security system announced as part of the Third Plenum reform agenda.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Authorities do not publish in GFS Manual 2001. Data estimated by staff.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;. Includes adjustments of stabilization fund, social security fund, and government-managed funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Securities Other than Shares;Loans;Other Accounts Receivable/Payable
Primary domestic currency: Chinese yuan
Data last updated: 04/201823,809.54525,597.33328,008.82630,538.00532,872.43735,550.76038,249.33741,036.791
ChinaGeneral government total expenditurePercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government total expenditure (National currency).31.93231.52231.62331.63331.32431.28931.18831.009
ChinaGeneral government net lending/borrowingNational currencyBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury. Ministry of Finance (data retrieved from CEIC) and National Audit Office (NAO) (data obtained from NAO audit report)
Latest actual data: 2017. Headline data (e.g., revenue and expenditure) is updated to 2015 number, but actual data of some detailed components (e.g. interest payment) is not available for 2015
Notes: Fiscal Balance: Data differ from official figures released by China’s Ministry of Finance mainly because of a difference in treatment of net contributions to the other accounts (e.g. Budget Stabilization Fund). General Government Debt: Data differ from official figures released by China’s Ministry of Finance because IMF numbers include, from 2010 onward, the stock of local government debt outstanding as reported in the June 2011 National Audit Office Report. For subsequent years, we have followed the amortization schedule outlined in the same report.
Fiscal assumptions: The pace of fiscal consolidation is likely to be more gradual, reflecting reforms to strengthen social safety nets and the social security system announced as part of the Third Plenum reform agenda.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Authorities do not publish in GFS Manual 2001. Data estimated by staff.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;. Includes adjustments of stabilization fund, social security fund, and government-managed funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Securities Other than Shares;Loans;Other Accounts Receivable/Payable
Primary domestic currency: Chinese yuan
Data last updated: 04/2018-2,761.611-3,210.108-3,671.685-4,122.519-4,483.311-4,920.428-5,350.812-5,730.951
ChinaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-3.704-3.953-4.145-4.270-4.272-4.331-4.363-4.330
Notes
  Country/Series-specific Notes  
  China: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


China: General government revenue (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury. Ministry of Finance (data retrieved from CEIC) and National Audit Office (NAO) (data obtained from NAO audit report)
Latest actual data: 2017. Headline data (e.g., revenue and expenditure) is updated to 2015 number, but actual data of some detailed components (e.g. interest payment) is not available for 2015
Notes: Fiscal Balance: Data differ from official figures released by China’s Ministry of Finance mainly because of a difference in treatment of net contributions to the other accounts (e.g. Budget Stabilization Fund). General Government Debt: Data differ from official figures released by China’s Ministry of Finance because IMF numbers include, from 2010 onward, the stock of local government debt outstanding as reported in the June 2011 National Audit Office Report. For subsequent years, we have followed the amortization schedule outlined in the same report.
Fiscal assumptions: The pace of fiscal consolidation is likely to be more gradual, reflecting reforms to strengthen social safety nets and the social security system announced as part of the Third Plenum reform agenda.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Authorities do not publish in GFS Manual 2001. Data estimated by staff.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;. Includes adjustments of stabilization fund, social security fund, and government-managed funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Securities Other than Shares;Loans;Other Accounts Receivable/Payable
Primary domestic currency: Chinese yuan
Data last updated: 04/2018


China: General government revenue (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government revenue (National currency).


China: General government total expenditure (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury. Ministry of Finance (data retrieved from CEIC) and National Audit Office (NAO) (data obtained from NAO audit report)
Latest actual data: 2017. Headline data (e.g., revenue and expenditure) is updated to 2015 number, but actual data of some detailed components (e.g. interest payment) is not available for 2015
Notes: Fiscal Balance: Data differ from official figures released by China’s Ministry of Finance mainly because of a difference in treatment of net contributions to the other accounts (e.g. Budget Stabilization Fund). General Government Debt: Data differ from official figures released by China’s Ministry of Finance because IMF numbers include, from 2010 onward, the stock of local government debt outstanding as reported in the June 2011 National Audit Office Report. For subsequent years, we have followed the amortization schedule outlined in the same report.
Fiscal assumptions: The pace of fiscal consolidation is likely to be more gradual, reflecting reforms to strengthen social safety nets and the social security system announced as part of the Third Plenum reform agenda.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Authorities do not publish in GFS Manual 2001. Data estimated by staff.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;. Includes adjustments of stabilization fund, social security fund, and government-managed funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Securities Other than Shares;Loans;Other Accounts Receivable/Payable
Primary domestic currency: Chinese yuan
Data last updated: 04/2018


China: General government total expenditure (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government total expenditure (National currency).


China: General government net lending/borrowing (National currency)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury. Ministry of Finance (data retrieved from CEIC) and National Audit Office (NAO) (data obtained from NAO audit report)
Latest actual data: 2017. Headline data (e.g., revenue and expenditure) is updated to 2015 number, but actual data of some detailed components (e.g. interest payment) is not available for 2015
Notes: Fiscal Balance: Data differ from official figures released by China’s Ministry of Finance mainly because of a difference in treatment of net contributions to the other accounts (e.g. Budget Stabilization Fund). General Government Debt: Data differ from official figures released by China’s Ministry of Finance because IMF numbers include, from 2010 onward, the stock of local government debt outstanding as reported in the June 2011 National Audit Office Report. For subsequent years, we have followed the amortization schedule outlined in the same report.
Fiscal assumptions: The pace of fiscal consolidation is likely to be more gradual, reflecting reforms to strengthen social safety nets and the social security system announced as part of the Third Plenum reform agenda.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Authorities do not publish in GFS Manual 2001. Data estimated by staff.
Basis of recording: Cash
General government includes: Central Government;Local Government;. Includes adjustments of stabilization fund, social security fund, and government-managed funds.
Valuation of public debt: Face value
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Securities Other than Shares;Loans;Other Accounts Receivable/Payable
Primary domestic currency: Chinese yuan
Data last updated: 04/2018


China: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


 
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