World Economic Outlook Database, October 2018

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5. Report for Selected Countries and Subjects

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       Shaded cells indicate IMF staff estimates
CountrySubject DescriptorUnitsScaleCountry/Series-specific Notes20052006200720082009201020112012201320142015201620172018201920202021
GermanyGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).0.8733.8873.3670.813-5.5603.9383.7200.6910.6072.1771.4822.1572.4561.9111.8581.5871.468
GermanyGross domestic product, current pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. The GDP deflator in the base year is not exactly equal to 100 since it is computed based on the quarterly real GDP data, which have been adjusted for seasonal and calendar effects.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/20182,300.8602,393.2502,513.2302,561.7402,460.2802,580.0602,703.1202,758.2602,826.2402,938.5903,048.8603,159.7503,277.3403,397.1523,518.0773,652.3483,792.052
GermanyTotal investmentPercent of GDP Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. The GDP deflator in the base year is not exactly equal to 100 since it is computed based on the quarterly real GDP data, which have been adjusted for seasonal and calendar effects.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/201818.81519.77320.74920.86018.06719.62521.07819.30719.51219.63519.23519.66020.09220.35320.79621.12221.342
GermanyGross national savingsPercent of GDP Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. The GDP deflator in the base year is not exactly equal to 100 since it is computed based on the quarterly real GDP data, which have been adjusted for seasonal and calendar effects.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/201823.41025.45427.49926.45523.80825.24127.18426.32526.23827.08728.13628.16827.95628.46628.65628.82728.863
GermanyInflation, average consumer pricesIndex Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Harmonized prices: Yes
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2015
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/201885.93387.48389.45891.91792.12593.19295.50897.52599.09299.85099.992100.383102.092103.937105.784107.986110.462
GermanyVolume of imports of goods and servicesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
Base year: 2000
Methodology used to derive volumes: Weighted average of volume changes
Formula used to derive volumes: Other
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/20186.02311.5056.5161.785-9.63512.6237.1500.3683.1003.5985.2053.9875.3243.5805.0725.1805.040
GermanyVolume of exports of goods and servicesPercent change Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
Base year: 2000
Methodology used to derive volumes: Weighted average of volume changes
Formula used to derive volumes: Other
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/20186.97012.8129.6581.281-14.25614.1658.4423.4861.8874.6214.7392.1425.2963.1624.2514.2994.000
GermanyUnemployment ratePercent of total labor force Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/201811.00810.0428.5757.3837.6676.9335.8585.3675.2425.0084.6254.1503.7503.4733.3863.3093.271
GermanyEmploymentPersonsMillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/201835.67236.38237.17037.63837.48937.75638.64839.04039.40439.76440.07841.05841.50141.80841.965n/an/a
GermanyPopulationPersonsMillionsSource: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/201881.33781.17480.99380.76480.48380.28580.27680.42780.64780.98381.68782.34982.66082.78682.85282.86082.809
GermanyGeneral government revenuePercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government revenue (National currency).42.78342.97543.00543.39644.34143.03443.75344.26244.54844.53044.49244.79844.97145.06045.05844.95344.607
GermanyGeneral government total expenditurePercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government total expenditure (National currency).46.20044.69642.81743.57347.57647.25544.71044.29544.68843.96143.70943.88843.93343.56743.59843.63243.677
GermanyGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-3.417-1.7220.187-0.177-3.235-4.221-0.957-0.034-0.1400.5680.7820.9101.0381.4931.4601.3220.931
GermanyGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.9550.6792.5892.173-0.846-2.0631.0771.7951.4481.7981.8421.8251.8382.1642.0711.8541.439
GermanyGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).66.99266.49363.66465.15272.58180.94678.61779.84477.50674.59470.90467.90063.85259.76855.97052.59049.722
GermanyCurrent account balancePercent of GDP See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).4.5955.6816.7505.5955.7415.6166.1077.0196.7267.4518.9028.5077.8648.1147.8597.7067.522
Notes
  Country/Series-specific Notes  
  Germany: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


Germany: Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. The GDP deflator in the base year is not exactly equal to 100 since it is computed based on the quarterly real GDP data, which have been adjusted for seasonal and calendar effects.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2018


Germany: Total investment (Percent of GDP)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. The GDP deflator in the base year is not exactly equal to 100 since it is computed based on the quarterly real GDP data, which have been adjusted for seasonal and calendar effects.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2018


Germany: Gross national savings (Percent of GDP)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). National accounts data until 1990 do not include FISIM. Data from 1991 refer to United Germany and include FISIM.
National accounts manual used: European System of Accounts (ESA) 2010
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2010. The GDP deflator in the base year is not exactly equal to 100 since it is computed based on the quarterly real GDP data, which have been adjusted for seasonal and calendar effects.
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991. From 1991.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2018


Germany: Inflation, average consumer prices (Index)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Harmonized prices: Yes
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2015
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2018


Germany: Volume of imports of goods and services (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
Base year: 2000
Methodology used to derive volumes: Weighted average of volume changes
Formula used to derive volumes: Other
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2018


Germany: Volume of exports of goods and services (Percent change)
Source: Central Bank
Latest actual data: 2017
Base year: 2000
Methodology used to derive volumes: Weighted average of volume changes
Formula used to derive volumes: Other
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1991
Trade System: General trade
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB)
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF)
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2018


Germany: Unemployment rate (Percent of total labor force)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2018


Germany: Employment (Persons)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Employment type: Harmonized ILO definition
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2018


Germany: Population (Persons)
Source: National Statistics Office
Latest actual data: 2017
Notes: Data until 1990 refers to German federation only (West Germany). Data from 1991 refer to United Germany.
Primary domestic currency: Euro
Data last updated: 09/2018


Germany: General government revenue (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government revenue (National currency).


Germany: General government total expenditure (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government total expenditure (National currency).


Germany: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Germany: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Germany: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Germany: Current account balance (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).


 
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