World Economic Outlook Database, April 2019

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5. Report for Selected Countries and Subjects

You will find notes on the data and options to download the table below your results.
       Shaded cells indicate IMF staff estimates
CountrySubject DescriptorUnitsScaleCountry/Series-specific Notes20172018201920202021202220232024
AustraliaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-1.490-1.222-1.451-0.6670.0200.1420.001-0.005
AustraliaGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.571-0.311-0.5450.2300.8620.9580.8160.810
AustriaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.700-0.194-0.109-0.261-0.332-0.456-0.588-0.627
AustriaGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).0.7531.0171.0060.7960.6500.4320.2770.220
BelgiumGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.882-0.784-1.186-1.402-1.420-1.413-1.444-1.536
BelgiumGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.2931.1830.6000.3060.1910.1620.1150.058
CanadaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.311-0.432-0.633-0.636-0.622-0.686-0.589-0.591
CanadaGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).0.001-0.065-0.1860.0350.2690.3700.4210.376
CyprusGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.7532.9481.7991.9772.1412.0712.2102.627
CyprusGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).4.1815.3094.0774.1584.2014.1163.9964.293
Czech RepublicGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.5491.4601.1240.8390.6000.5610.5860.604
Czech RepublicGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).2.1962.0741.8041.5941.4041.4081.4121.430
DenmarkGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.175-0.083-0.365-0.359-0.339-0.185-0.0730.128
DenmarkGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.3610.3170.1370.1430.1630.3170.4290.629
EstoniaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.2800.2340.2430.2130.1000.0010.0400.043
EstoniaGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.3260.2040.2110.1850.075-0.0210.0200.027
FinlandGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.660-0.981-0.323-0.0460.051-0.025-0.058-0.021
FinlandGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.443-0.882-0.274-0.057-0.0060.1000.1060.112
FranceGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-2.683-2.599-3.293-2.401-2.516-2.540-2.561-2.557
FranceGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.954-0.871-1.660-0.806-0.920-0.862-0.891-0.864
GermanyGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.0381.7131.1481.0550.8020.7670.7290.746
GermanyGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.8552.3971.7591.5961.3181.2671.2221.204
GreeceGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.0210.422-0.1540.0730.090-0.012-0.504-0.638
GreeceGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).4.1393.7603.5433.4773.4823.4772.9822.835
Hong Kong SARGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).5.4812.0201.3191.6210.8230.7820.8440.844
Hong Kong SARGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).4.6950.634-0.2490.119-0.756-1.046-1.275-1.275
IcelandGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).0.5301.0780.6610.4560.5490.4940.5000.508
IcelandGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).3.6333.5742.7872.7002.5602.2782.1841.773
IrelandGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.2480.0390.0310.2270.3020.5080.7080.894
IrelandGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.6821.6731.5401.5381.4861.5951.7961.928
IsraelGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.951-2.246-2.521-2.541-2.541-2.531-2.531-2.531
IsraelGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).0.996-0.292-0.546-0.548-0.518-0.473-0.433-0.393
ItalyGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-2.409-2.144-2.655-3.387-3.543-3.666-3.727-3.763
ItalyGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.2231.3920.9050.3220.3110.2990.4020.505
JapanGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-3.168-3.207-2.844-2.133-1.868-1.786-1.880-2.125
JapanGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).-2.713-2.911-2.749-2.119-1.907-1.857-1.946-2.098
KoreaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).2.3212.7542.0851.5051.0630.6880.6880.688
KoreaGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.2301.9561.2570.8420.6300.4570.4800.495
LatviaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.820-0.730-0.804-0.481-0.684-0.542-0.495-0.236
LatviaGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).0.2790.2040.0440.4120.2150.2440.2550.485
LithuaniaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).0.4500.9420.3770.3440.2980.2640.2510.233
LithuaniaGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.5831.8111.1510.9740.9110.8760.8580.805
LuxembourgGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.3812.6021.0491.2571.1971.5251.6231.558
LuxembourgGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.2382.4350.7750.9050.6680.9200.9110.761
Macao SARGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).13.22814.10214.21913.76913.31912.86912.41911.969
Macao SARGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).13.228n/an/an/an/an/an/an/a
MaltaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).3.4780.8700.6170.6100.6850.7210.5760.582
MaltaGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).5.2922.4502.0411.8871.9141.9501.8051.811
NetherlandsGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.1531.0631.0070.7690.7650.7810.7990.799
NetherlandsGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).2.1181.8141.6351.3801.3631.4201.4311.431
New ZealandGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.1470.3500.1410.6801.0131.2851.2851.287
New ZealandGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.7791.0320.8701.3951.6721.8981.9001.902
NorwayGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).5.0527.4577.5477.2497.3087.2777.4807.678
NorwayGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).2.6124.9985.0904.7874.8494.8225.0275.227
PortugalGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-2.961-0.698-0.648-0.1480.4410.2640.3040.475
PortugalGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).0.6942.5882.4933.0953.5483.1133.1473.187
Puerto RicoGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-2.112-3.785-3.226-2.970-1.282-1.108-0.972-0.971
Puerto RicoGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).0.163-1.584-1.054-0.8840.7330.8500.9310.866
San MarinoGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-3.629-2.734-2.431-2.984-3.189-3.047-2.977-2.985
San MarinoGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).-3.337-2.341-1.985-2.485-2.587-2.346-2.176-2.090
SingaporeGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).5.7783.9734.2423.1372.9352.8322.6802.527
SingaporeGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP          
Slovak RepublicGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.777-0.838-0.0010.3420.3390.3360.3460.339
Slovak RepublicGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).0.3890.3731.1311.3811.3361.2971.3071.300
SloveniaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.6951.1460.5050.1820.3800.4780.6330.682
SloveniaGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.5083.0122.2371.8331.9792.0842.3002.425
SpainGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-3.078-2.680-2.273-2.342-2.426-2.532-2.699-2.842
SpainGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.742-0.446-0.156-0.201-0.250-0.282-0.342-0.394
SwedenGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.4970.8210.5350.3180.2980.3060.2990.295
SwedenGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).1.3510.6350.3400.1500.1180.1130.0940.079
SwitzerlandGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).0.3650.3300.2580.2380.2390.2610.2790.279
SwitzerlandGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).0.5580.5060.4200.3820.3660.3720.3750.360
Taiwan Province of ChinaGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-1.977-1.916-1.906-1.886-1.866-1.846-1.746-1.646
Taiwan Province of ChinaGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP          
United KingdomGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-1.849-1.423-1.349-1.155-1.058-0.800-0.646-0.623
United KingdomGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).-0.0730.1200.0750.2060.3780.4700.4730.469
United StatesGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-3.846-4.260-4.633-4.429-4.376-4.428-4.026-3.714
United StatesGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).-2.167-2.636-2.871-2.382-2.243-2.214-1.776-1.432
Notes
  Country/Series-specific Notes  
  Australia: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Australia: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Austria: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Austria: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Belgium: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Belgium: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Canada: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Canada: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Cyprus: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Cyprus: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Czech Republic: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Czech Republic: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Denmark: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Denmark: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Estonia: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Estonia: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Finland: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Finland: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


France: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


France: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Germany: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Germany: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Greece: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Greece: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Hong Kong SAR: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Hong Kong SAR: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Iceland: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Iceland: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Ireland: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Ireland: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Israel: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Israel: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Italy: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Italy: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Japan: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Japan: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Korea: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Korea: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Latvia: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Latvia: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Lithuania: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Lithuania: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Luxembourg: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Luxembourg: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Macao SAR: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Macao SAR: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Malta: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Malta: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Netherlands: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Netherlands: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


New Zealand: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


New Zealand: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Norway: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Norway: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Portugal: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Portugal: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Puerto Rico: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Puerto Rico: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


San Marino: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


San Marino: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Singapore: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Slovak Republic: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Slovak Republic: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Slovenia: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Slovenia: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Spain: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Spain: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Sweden: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Sweden: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Switzerland: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Switzerland: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Taiwan Province of China: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


United Kingdom: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


United Kingdom: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


United States: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


United States: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


 
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