World Economic Outlook Database, October 2019

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       Shaded cells indicate IMF staff estimates
CountrySubject DescriptorUnitsScaleCountry/Series-specific Notes2019
JapanGross domestic product, constant pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: the recent revision didn't go back pre-1994
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2011
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019539,228.205
JapanGross domestic product, constant pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).0.891
JapanGross domestic product, current pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: the recent revision didn't go back pre-1994
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2011
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019557,715.698
JapanGross domestic product, current pricesU.S. dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).5,154.475
JapanGross domestic product, current pricesPurchasing power parity; international dollarsBillionsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).5,747.496
JapanGross domestic product, deflatorIndex See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).103.429
JapanGross domestic product per capita, constant pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).4,273,128.524
JapanGross domestic product per capita, constant pricesPurchasing power parity; 2011 international dollarUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).39,763.142
JapanGross domestic product per capita, current pricesNational currencyUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).4,419,633.169
JapanGross domestic product per capita, current pricesU.S. dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).40,846.777
JapanGross domestic product per capita, current pricesPurchasing power parity; international dollarsUnitsSee notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).45,546.185
JapanOutput gap in percent of potential GDPPercent of potential GDP See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).-0.210
JapanGross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world totalPercent See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).4.052
JapanImplied PPP conversion rateNational currency per current international dollar See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).97.036
JapanTotal investmentPercent of GDP Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: the recent revision didn't go back pre-1994
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2011
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/201924.592
JapanGross national savingsPercent of GDP Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: the recent revision didn't go back pre-1994
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2011
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/201927.931
JapanInflation, average consumer pricesIndex Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Base year changed to 2015 on August 26, 2016.
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2015
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019102.332
JapanInflation, average consumer pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Inflation, average consumer prices (Index).0.985
JapanInflation, end of period consumer pricesIndex Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Base year changed to 2015 on August 26, 2016.
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2015
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019103.227
JapanInflation, end of period consumer pricesPercent change See notes for: 
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index).1.593
JapanSix-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR)Percent  -0.041
JapanVolume of imports of goods and servicesPercent change Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2018
Base year: 2011
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by survey-based price indexes
Formula used to derive volumes: Based on the Balance of Payment
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Excluded items in trade: Other;
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products; Secondary or refined products; Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB). Based on the BOP
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF). Based on the BOP
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.848
JapanVolume of Imports of goodsPercent change Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2018
Base year: 2011
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by survey-based price indexes
Formula used to derive volumes: Based on the Balance of Payment
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Excluded items in trade: Other;
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products; Secondary or refined products; Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB). Based on the BOP
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF). Based on the BOP
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019-0.848
JapanVolume of exports of goods and servicesPercent change Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2018
Base year: 2011
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by survey-based price indexes
Formula used to derive volumes: Based on the Balance of Payment
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Excluded items in trade: Other;
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products; Secondary or refined products; Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB). Based on the BOP
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF). Based on the BOP
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019-1.649
JapanVolume of exports of goodsPercent change Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2018
Base year: 2011
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by survey-based price indexes
Formula used to derive volumes: Based on the Balance of Payment
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Excluded items in trade: Other;
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products; Secondary or refined products; Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB). Based on the BOP
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF). Based on the BOP
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019-1.649
JapanUnemployment ratePercent of total labor force Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/20192.433
JapanEmploymentPersonsMillionsSource: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/201967.418
JapanPopulationPersonsMillionsSource: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Actual surveys are taken every 5 years with the latest one done in 2010. Other years are authorities estimates.
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019126.190
JapanGeneral government revenueNational currencyBillionsSource: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Authorities release fiscal data with a 10 month delay.
Fiscal assumptions: The projections reflect the consumption tax rate increase in October 2019, the mitigating measures included in the FY2019 budget and tax reform, and other fiscal measures already announced by the government.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds;. Government in Japan consists of 3 layers: central, prefectural, and municipal. The latter two government levels are covered under local government. There is no government at the state level in Japan.
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Gross public debt is on unconsolidated basis.
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits; Securities Other than Shares; Loans; Insurance Technical Reserves; Other Accounts Receivable/Payable; Monetary Gold and SDRs; Other
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019189,687.629
JapanGeneral government revenuePercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government revenue (National currency).34.012
JapanGeneral government total expenditureNational currencyBillionsSource: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Authorities release fiscal data with a 10 month delay.
Fiscal assumptions: The projections reflect the consumption tax rate increase in October 2019, the mitigating measures included in the FY2019 budget and tax reform, and other fiscal measures already announced by the government.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds;. Government in Japan consists of 3 layers: central, prefectural, and municipal. The latter two government levels are covered under local government. There is no government at the state level in Japan.
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Gross public debt is on unconsolidated basis.
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits; Securities Other than Shares; Loans; Insurance Technical Reserves; Other Accounts Receivable/Payable; Monetary Gold and SDRs; Other
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019206,164.440
JapanGeneral government total expenditurePercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government total expenditure (National currency).36.966
JapanGeneral government net lending/borrowingNational currencyBillionsSource: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Authorities release fiscal data with a 10 month delay.
Fiscal assumptions: The projections reflect the consumption tax rate increase in October 2019, the mitigating measures included in the FY2019 budget and tax reform, and other fiscal measures already announced by the government.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds;. Government in Japan consists of 3 layers: central, prefectural, and municipal. The latter two government levels are covered under local government. There is no government at the state level in Japan.
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Gross public debt is on unconsolidated basis.
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits; Securities Other than Shares; Loans; Insurance Technical Reserves; Other Accounts Receivable/Payable; Monetary Gold and SDRs; Other
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019-16,476.811
JapanGeneral government net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).-2.954
JapanGeneral government structural balanceNational currencyBillionsSource: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Authorities release fiscal data with a 10 month delay.
Fiscal assumptions: The projections reflect the consumption tax rate increase in October 2019, the mitigating measures included in the FY2019 budget and tax reform, and other fiscal measures already announced by the government.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds;. Government in Japan consists of 3 layers: central, prefectural, and municipal. The latter two government levels are covered under local government. There is no government at the state level in Japan.
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Gross public debt is on unconsolidated basis.
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits; Securities Other than Shares; Loans; Insurance Technical Reserves; Other Accounts Receivable/Payable; Monetary Gold and SDRs; Other
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019-16,255.004
JapanGeneral government structural balancePercent of potential GDP See notes for: 
General government structural balance (National currency).-2.908
JapanGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingNational currencyBillionsSource: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Authorities release fiscal data with a 10 month delay.
Fiscal assumptions: The projections reflect the consumption tax rate increase in October 2019, the mitigating measures included in the FY2019 budget and tax reform, and other fiscal measures already announced by the government.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds;. Government in Japan consists of 3 layers: central, prefectural, and municipal. The latter two government levels are covered under local government. There is no government at the state level in Japan.
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Gross public debt is on unconsolidated basis.
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits; Securities Other than Shares; Loans; Insurance Technical Reserves; Other Accounts Receivable/Payable; Monetary Gold and SDRs; Other
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019-15,961.666
JapanGeneral government primary net lending/borrowingPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).-2.862
JapanGeneral government net debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Authorities release fiscal data with a 10 month delay.
Fiscal assumptions: The projections reflect the consumption tax rate increase in October 2019, the mitigating measures included in the FY2019 budget and tax reform, and other fiscal measures already announced by the government.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds;. Government in Japan consists of 3 layers: central, prefectural, and municipal. The latter two government levels are covered under local government. There is no government at the state level in Japan.
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Gross public debt is on unconsolidated basis.
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits; Securities Other than Shares; Loans; Insurance Technical Reserves; Other Accounts Receivable/Payable; Monetary Gold and SDRs; Other
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019857,549.734
JapanGeneral government net debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government net debt (National currency).153.761
JapanGeneral government gross debtNational currencyBillionsSource: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Authorities release fiscal data with a 10 month delay.
Fiscal assumptions: The projections reflect the consumption tax rate increase in October 2019, the mitigating measures included in the FY2019 budget and tax reform, and other fiscal measures already announced by the government.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds;. Government in Japan consists of 3 layers: central, prefectural, and municipal. The latter two government levels are covered under local government. There is no government at the state level in Japan.
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Gross public debt is on unconsolidated basis.
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits; Securities Other than Shares; Loans; Insurance Technical Reserves; Other Accounts Receivable/Payable; Monetary Gold and SDRs; Other
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/20191,325,630.457
JapanGeneral government gross debtPercent of GDP See notes for: 
General government gross debt (National currency).237.689
JapanGross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current pricesNational currencyBillionsSource: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Authorities release fiscal data with a 10 month delay.
Fiscal assumptions: The projections reflect the consumption tax rate increase in October 2019, the mitigating measures included in the FY2019 budget and tax reform, and other fiscal measures already announced by the government.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds;. Government in Japan consists of 3 layers: central, prefectural, and municipal. The latter two government levels are covered under local government. There is no government at the state level in Japan.
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Gross public debt is on unconsolidated basis.
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits; Securities Other than Shares; Loans; Insurance Technical Reserves; Other Accounts Receivable/Payable; Monetary Gold and SDRs; Other
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019557,715.698
JapanCurrent account balanceU.S. dollarsBillionsSource: Ministry of Finance or Treasury. Bank of Japan/ Ministry of Finance via Haver database
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019172.113
JapanCurrent account balancePercent of GDP See notes for: 
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).3.339
Notes
  Country/Series-specific Notes  
  Japan: Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: the recent revision didn't go back pre-1994
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2011
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: Gross domestic product, constant prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


Japan: Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: the recent revision didn't go back pre-1994
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2011
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: Gross domestic product, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Japan: Gross domestic product, current prices (Purchasing power parity; international dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Japan: Gross domestic product, deflator (Index)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Japan: Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Japan: Gross domestic product per capita, constant prices (Purchasing power parity; 2011 international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Japan: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (National currency)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Japan: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (U.S. dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Japan: Gross domestic product per capita, current prices (Purchasing power parity; international dollars)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Population (Persons).


Japan: Output gap in percent of potential GDP (Percent of potential GDP)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, constant prices (National currency).


Japan: Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) share of world total (Percent)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Japan: Implied PPP conversion rate (National currency per current international dollar)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency).


Japan: Total investment (Percent of GDP)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: the recent revision didn't go back pre-1994
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2011
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: Gross national savings (Percent of GDP)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: the recent revision didn't go back pre-1994
National accounts manual used: System of National Accounts (SNA) 2008
GDP valuation: Market prices
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
Base year: 2011
Chain-weighted: Yes, from 1980
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: Inflation, average consumer prices (Index)
Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Base year changed to 2015 on August 26, 2016.
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2015
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: Inflation, average consumer prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Inflation, average consumer prices (Index).


Japan: Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index)
Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
Latest actual data: 2018
Notes: Base year changed to 2015 on August 26, 2016.
Harmonized prices: No
Frequency of source data: Monthly
Base year: 2015
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Percent change)
See notes for:
Inflation, end of period consumer prices (Index).


Japan: Volume of imports of goods and services (Percent change)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2018
Base year: 2011
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by survey-based price indexes
Formula used to derive volumes: Based on the Balance of Payment
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Excluded items in trade: Other;
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products; Secondary or refined products; Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB). Based on the BOP
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF). Based on the BOP
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: Volume of Imports of goods (Percent change)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2018
Base year: 2011
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by survey-based price indexes
Formula used to derive volumes: Based on the Balance of Payment
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Excluded items in trade: Other;
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products; Secondary or refined products; Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB). Based on the BOP
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF). Based on the BOP
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: Volume of exports of goods and services (Percent change)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2018
Base year: 2011
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by survey-based price indexes
Formula used to derive volumes: Based on the Balance of Payment
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Excluded items in trade: Other;
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products; Secondary or refined products; Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB). Based on the BOP
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF). Based on the BOP
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: Volume of exports of goods (Percent change)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2018
Base year: 2011
Methodology used to derive volumes: Deflation by survey-based price indexes
Formula used to derive volumes: Based on the Balance of Payment
Chain-weighted: No
Trade System: General trade
Excluded items in trade: Other;
Oil coverage: Primary or unrefined products; Secondary or refined products; Other;
Valuation of exports: Free on board (FOB). Based on the BOP
Valuation of imports: Cost, insurance, freight (CIF). Based on the BOP
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: Unemployment rate (Percent of total labor force)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: Employment (Persons)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017
Employment type: National definition
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: Population (Persons)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Actual surveys are taken every 5 years with the latest one done in 2010. Other years are authorities estimates.
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: General government revenue (National currency)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Authorities release fiscal data with a 10 month delay.
Fiscal assumptions: The projections reflect the consumption tax rate increase in October 2019, the mitigating measures included in the FY2019 budget and tax reform, and other fiscal measures already announced by the government.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds;. Government in Japan consists of 3 layers: central, prefectural, and municipal. The latter two government levels are covered under local government. There is no government at the state level in Japan.
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Gross public debt is on unconsolidated basis.
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits; Securities Other than Shares; Loans; Insurance Technical Reserves; Other Accounts Receivable/Payable; Monetary Gold and SDRs; Other
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: General government revenue (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government revenue (National currency).


Japan: General government total expenditure (National currency)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Authorities release fiscal data with a 10 month delay.
Fiscal assumptions: The projections reflect the consumption tax rate increase in October 2019, the mitigating measures included in the FY2019 budget and tax reform, and other fiscal measures already announced by the government.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds;. Government in Japan consists of 3 layers: central, prefectural, and municipal. The latter two government levels are covered under local government. There is no government at the state level in Japan.
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Gross public debt is on unconsolidated basis.
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits; Securities Other than Shares; Loans; Insurance Technical Reserves; Other Accounts Receivable/Payable; Monetary Gold and SDRs; Other
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: General government total expenditure (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government total expenditure (National currency).


Japan: General government net lending/borrowing (National currency)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Authorities release fiscal data with a 10 month delay.
Fiscal assumptions: The projections reflect the consumption tax rate increase in October 2019, the mitigating measures included in the FY2019 budget and tax reform, and other fiscal measures already announced by the government.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds;. Government in Japan consists of 3 layers: central, prefectural, and municipal. The latter two government levels are covered under local government. There is no government at the state level in Japan.
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Gross public debt is on unconsolidated basis.
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits; Securities Other than Shares; Loans; Insurance Technical Reserves; Other Accounts Receivable/Payable; Monetary Gold and SDRs; Other
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: General government net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Japan: General government structural balance (National currency)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Authorities release fiscal data with a 10 month delay.
Fiscal assumptions: The projections reflect the consumption tax rate increase in October 2019, the mitigating measures included in the FY2019 budget and tax reform, and other fiscal measures already announced by the government.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds;. Government in Japan consists of 3 layers: central, prefectural, and municipal. The latter two government levels are covered under local government. There is no government at the state level in Japan.
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Gross public debt is on unconsolidated basis.
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits; Securities Other than Shares; Loans; Insurance Technical Reserves; Other Accounts Receivable/Payable; Monetary Gold and SDRs; Other
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: General government structural balance (Percent of potential GDP)
See notes for:
General government structural balance (National currency).


Japan: General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Authorities release fiscal data with a 10 month delay.
Fiscal assumptions: The projections reflect the consumption tax rate increase in October 2019, the mitigating measures included in the FY2019 budget and tax reform, and other fiscal measures already announced by the government.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds;. Government in Japan consists of 3 layers: central, prefectural, and municipal. The latter two government levels are covered under local government. There is no government at the state level in Japan.
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Gross public debt is on unconsolidated basis.
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits; Securities Other than Shares; Loans; Insurance Technical Reserves; Other Accounts Receivable/Payable; Monetary Gold and SDRs; Other
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: General government primary net lending/borrowing (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government primary net lending/borrowing (National currency).


Japan: General government net debt (National currency)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Authorities release fiscal data with a 10 month delay.
Fiscal assumptions: The projections reflect the consumption tax rate increase in October 2019, the mitigating measures included in the FY2019 budget and tax reform, and other fiscal measures already announced by the government.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds;. Government in Japan consists of 3 layers: central, prefectural, and municipal. The latter two government levels are covered under local government. There is no government at the state level in Japan.
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Gross public debt is on unconsolidated basis.
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits; Securities Other than Shares; Loans; Insurance Technical Reserves; Other Accounts Receivable/Payable; Monetary Gold and SDRs; Other
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: General government net debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government net debt (National currency).


Japan: General government gross debt (National currency)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Authorities release fiscal data with a 10 month delay.
Fiscal assumptions: The projections reflect the consumption tax rate increase in October 2019, the mitigating measures included in the FY2019 budget and tax reform, and other fiscal measures already announced by the government.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds;. Government in Japan consists of 3 layers: central, prefectural, and municipal. The latter two government levels are covered under local government. There is no government at the state level in Japan.
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Gross public debt is on unconsolidated basis.
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits; Securities Other than Shares; Loans; Insurance Technical Reserves; Other Accounts Receivable/Payable; Monetary Gold and SDRs; Other
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: General government gross debt (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
General government gross debt (National currency).


Japan: Gross domestic product corresponding to fiscal year, current prices (National currency)
Source: Cabinet Office of Japan via Haver database.
Latest actual data: 2017. Authorities release fiscal data with a 10 month delay.
Fiscal assumptions: The projections reflect the consumption tax rate increase in October 2019, the mitigating measures included in the FY2019 budget and tax reform, and other fiscal measures already announced by the government.
Start/end months of reporting year: January/December
GFS Manual used: Government Finance Statistics Manual (GFSM) 2014
Basis of recording: Accrual
General government includes: Central Government; Local Government; Social Security Funds;. Government in Japan consists of 3 layers: central, prefectural, and municipal. The latter two government levels are covered under local government. There is no government at the state level in Japan.
Valuation of public debt: Current market value. Gross public debt is on unconsolidated basis.
Instruments included in gross and net debt: Currency and Deposits; Securities Other than Shares; Loans; Insurance Technical Reserves; Other Accounts Receivable/Payable; Monetary Gold and SDRs; Other
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: Current account balance (U.S. dollars)
Source: Ministry of Finance or Treasury. Bank of Japan/ Ministry of Finance via Haver database
Latest actual data: 2018
BOP Manual used: Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual, sixth edition (BPM6)
Primary domestic currency: Japanese yen
Data last updated: 09/2019


Japan: Current account balance (Percent of GDP)
See notes for:
Gross domestic product, current prices (National currency)
Current account balance (U.S. dollars).


 
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